The following is a timeline of recent violence blamed by Beijing on Xinjiang separatists or foreign-backed militants:
- October 28: Three attackers ram a car into a group of people in Tiananmen Square; two tourists killed, 38 injured
- March 1: Passengers at a train station in Yunnan province attacked by eight knife-wielding men; 29 killed, over 140 injured.
- April 30: Two attackers set off explosives, slash passengers at Urumqi train station; one killed, 79 injured.
- May 22: Two cars plow through busy market in Urumqi, set off explosives; 31 dead, over 90 injured.