Delegates to an international conference on Afghanistan are using the second day of the London meeting to discuss the nation's post-war problems with security, reconstruction and opium-traffickers.
On Tuesday, the conference unveiled a five-year plan that includes wiping out illegal armed groups by 2007 - and establishing a respected national army and justice system by 2010.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai told the conference that eliminating insurgents and the opium production that supports them will be a difficult task. He said it will take at least a decade to develop alternative sources of income for farmers and to totally eliminate poppy production.
Donor countries have pledged almost $5 billion in aid so far, with the United States promising $1.1 billion for the war-torn country.