A European Union report says most member states are not doing enough to monitor racist incidents and ethnic discrimination in their societies.
The EU's racism monitoring agency says the lack of monitoring often results in discrimination against ethnic minorities going unnoticed by the authorities.
The agency says only two EU countries, Britain and Finland, have a comprehensive system to report racist violence and collect details about the victims.
The report found that five members were unable to provide any official data on racial abuse, including Greece, Spain, Italy, Cyprus and Malta.
The agency says statistics are essential to understanding the root causes of racism and xenophobia, and it urged EU leaders to do more to combat the problems.
Some information for this report was provided by AP and Reuters.