In Madagascar, campaigning is winding down and voters are preparing to go to the polls Sunday to elect a president. The process has been marked by boycotts, procedural disputes and a would-be coup attempt, but international observers say they hope the polling will be orderly. VOA's Scott Bobb reports from our Southern Africa bureau in Johannesburg.
Some six million registered voters Sunday are to choose Madagascar's next president from a field of candidates that include President Marc Ravalomanana, who is running for a second term, and 13 opponents from various political backgrounds.
International observers say the process has gone relatively smoothly despite some notable disputes.
The Director of the Elections Institute of Southern Africa, Dennis Kadima, says a number of candidates have criticized what they say is a lack of transparency.
"They can't understand that the number of voters is only 200,000 more than five years ago, while the population has grown by 3.2 percent every year, so they should have at least 1 million more voters," he noted.
Kadima adds that candidates are also upset that voter lists have not been published for public review. And they object to the lack of public funds for campaigns and to a law requiring the parties to print their own voting ballots. They say these measures favor the party in power.
Other political groups are boycotting the elections, saying they are being held two months early, which favors the incumbent and is unconstitutional. However, the earlier date has been upheld by the Madagascar's Constitutional Court.
The election has also been marked by the government's refusal to allow an exiled opposition leader to return home to compete in the polling.
In addition, a soldier was killed two weeks ago in a clash that erupted after retired army general Andrianafidisoa [one name] called for the president to step aside in favor of an interim military regime.
However, the head of the National Democratic Institution observer mission in Madagascar, Kelley Jones, says that the incident does not seem to have affected the elections.
"It appeared to leave everybody's radar as quickly as it appeared," she said. "And I don't think that there has been any lingering impact on the populace or the electoral process itself."
The presidential election five years ago resulted in a seven-month-long crisis during which Mr. Ravalomanana and then-President Didier Ratsiraka both claimed victory. The standoff ended when Ratsiraka went into exile in France.