Over a career that has spanned more than three decades, Martin Puryear
has gained international acclaim as a sculptor. Now the National
Gallery of Art, in his hometown of Washington, D.C., is paying tribute
to the artist with a major retrospective. VOA's Susan Logue reports.
Hand-crafted from wood, wire, rawhide and tar, many of Martin
Puryear's sculptures look like they might be tools, but it isn't quite
clear how they would be used. Others are reminiscent of animals, boats
or primitive shelters.
"He has always made objects that look
like they should have a name, but we can't name them. They seem like
something we know, but not really," says Ruth Fine, National Gallery of
Art curator of special projects in modern art.
Boyhood Fascination with Woodworking
Puryear's interest in building began as a boy, growing up in
Washington, D.C. "His father had some woodworking tools in his home,
and Martin talks about 'if I wanted to learn archery, I made bows and
arrows; and if I wanted to play guitar, I made the guitar.'"
Fine says he still does that. But Puryear is best known for creating
objects that are less useful and more thought provoking.
a ladder that narrows as it stretches more than ten meters to the
ceiling. Made from a single sapling split down the middle and joined
with rungs, it appears spindly and fragile. He titles the piece, Ladder
for Booker T. Washington, the renowned educator who was born a slave.
Martin Puryear studied painting at Catholic University and got
a masters degree in sculpture at Yale.
Learns Craftsmanship Through Observation
In between, he spent two years
with the Peace Corps in Sierra Leone, where, Fine says, he learned more
about craftsmanship. "He observed the artisans in Africa," she says. "He watched how well they made things using hand tools."
Puryear also studied at the Swedish Royal Academy of Art and spent a
few weeks in the workshop of a Swedish woodworker. His admiration for
Scandinavian furniture can be seen in many of his wooden sculptures.
All of his pieces are not only designed by him, but curator Ruth Fine
says, made by the artist himself, and often without assistance.
"I think it is important to him that the viewer is aware that they
have been handmade," she says. "In many pieces he leaves tracks. You
see the staple marks where the wood was held together while he was
But other times, the artist paints over those marks.
Lets the Work Speak for Itself
The curator says Puryear is an artist of contradictions, making it difficult to make any generalizations about his work.
And you won't get any explanations from him. Puryear, who is
African-American, declines to do interviews, preferring to let the work
speak for itself.
"I don't think he in any way wants to impose
on his viewers what he was thinking about or what his history is," Fine
says. "He appreciates the idea that his viewers bring all of their
experience to his work."
One thing Martin Puryear has said is
that he is very pleased to have a major retrospective at the National
Gallery of Art, the museum he visited as a boy growing up in the U.S.