Nations officials say civilians in the Democratic Republic of Congo are living
in a "constant state of fear," because of widespread violence, rape,
A cease-fire is between the Congolese government and the rebel forces led by
general Laurent Nkunda is reportedly holding. But officials said there is
persistent unrest throughout the country.
This week the United Nations
pledged an additional 3000 troops to enhance the already largest peacekeeping
force of 17,000.
Mduduzi Khumalo is a research
specialist with the Peace & Security Research Unit of the Africa Institute
of South Africa. He told VOAS’ Akwei Thompson that the DRC problem cannot be
solved by means of troops. He said the solution to the problem is to integrate
Nkunda into either the Rwandan or the Congolese army.
“The biggest thing we currently
have got to do is to get this General Nkunda on to the table and he has got to
agree with him being integrated into the army, whether it’s the Rwandan army or
the DRC army – in any one of the armies – that’s the solution to the DRC
problem at the moment.”
Khumalo emphasized that the key
to the solution is diplomacy. He said getting Nkunda to the table will depend
on what package newly appointed Special Envoy to the DRC, former Nigerian
President Olusegun Obasanjo is “putting on the table for him.”