The National Council
of Zimbabwe Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change
(MDC) is calling on the intervention of the African Union as well as the
Southern African Development Community to help break the dead lock in the unity
government. There have been reported tensions in the
unity government as a result of disagreement around issues like national
healing, democratization and the rule of law, which the party accused President
Robert Mugabe of refusing to address. The MDC is angry at what it says is the
persecution of its supporters, many of whom have cases pending in the courts
for allegedly plotting to oust Mugabe.
George Mkwananzi is a political analyst.
He told VOA that there seems to be little hope or resolving the issues raised
by the MDC.
I have always had a problem with a mediation that is brought into the frame
before the parties that are involved in a conflict that have produced a winner. That is
why you get a situation where you would have to call an outsider to come and
help and arbitrate," Mkwananzi said.
said the unity government brokered by SADC and the African Union (AU) has
hardened the stance of President Mugabe and his supporters.
intervention of SADC and the AU was actually a rescue package for ZANU-PF,
which makes ZANU-PF arrogant now. And it actually encourages them to refuse to
cede and concede more grounds to the MDC," he said.
said President Mugabe and his supporters see the unity government as
"redemption" of some sort. He adds that the president is aware that both the AU
and SADC would not take decisive action against Mugabe and his supporters if
they fail to abide by the tenets of the agreement that led to the coalition
He said it is apparent that
the African Union and the Southern African Development Community do not have
leverage to use against President Mugabe and his supporters.
"The most unfortunate thing
is that, other than barking and appearing to be in touch both the AU and SADC
have no more weapon that they can use against Zimbabwe or even ZANU-PF to force
them to concede more ground, to force them to adhere to the global agreement on
power sharing," he said.
Mkwananzi said it is
doubtful the president would suddenly change and adhere to the tenets of the
power sharing agreement.
"Mugabe is likely to
continue to defy those decisions that were taken by those two regional bodies,"
He concurs that the way
forward to resolving the Zimbabwe crisis is the coalition government.
"Morgan Tsvangirai is right
in saying that there is no way out other than going it the unity way because he
has seen that the level of intransigence from the direction of ZANU-PF is so
much that trying to fight it from outside is actually a waste of time," he
Mkwananzi said since joining
the unity government, the MDC seems to have realized the need to change the
situation in Zimbabwe from inside out.
"There have been lots of
advantages discovered by being inside there particularly in terms of
preparation for future elections. They (MDC) have seen that they put their foot
somewhere, which takes them forward rather than backwards," Mkwananzi said.
He said the refusal of
President Mugabe and his supporters to fully commit to the agreement that led
to the coalition government is frustrating the MDC members in the government.
"The continued stubbornness
that is being exhibited by the Mugabe regime is going to make it difficult for
the MDC to continue with this kind of commitment," he said.
Prime Minister Morgan
Tsvangirai who doubles as the leader of the party said although the MDC is committed to the power-sharing agreement, it wanted to see
more respect for civil rights and the
implementation of political reconciliation.
Meanwhile, the MDC is also protesting against a fresh wave of farm invasions by
Mugabe's ZANU-PF members and last week's arrest of two independent journalists
and a top human rights lawyer. Tsvangirai told an MDC rally in southeastern
Zimbabwe after the party's national council meeting that there was no
alternative to the power-sharing deal with Mugabe.
The MDC council also said President
Mugabe has quietly refused to remove ZANU-PF political allies he appointed to
head the central bank and the attorney-general's office -- should allow
government-owned media more freedom.
Being Long-time rivals, President Mugabe and
opposition leader Tsvangirai formed a unity government in February after months
of wrangling but sharp differences remain over issues such as the review of the
posts of central bank governor and attorney general.