India has imposed a ban on wheat exports, after lifting it briefly
earlier this month. The step was taken in the wake of worries that
poor monsoon rains may adversely impact food production in the country
Less than two weeks ago, ample stocks of wheat
lying in state granaries had prompted the government to relax a
two-year ban on wheat exports.
But the ban was hurriedly
re-imposed Monday, amid growing worries that deficient monsoon rains
will reduce food grain output in a country where two-thirds of
agriculture is fed by annual rains which come between June and
Concerns that wheat and rice production may suffer
this year have become acute after the north of the country - known as
the bread basket - has seen the driest June in decades. This month,
the monsoon has picked up pace in the south and the west, but key wheat
and rice producing regions, such as Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh,
Wheat is sown in Winter. The low rainfall has
depleted lakes and reservoirs, raising concerns that there may not be
sufficient water to irrigate crops.
D.H. Pai Panindiker heads
the independent economic research group, the RPG Goenka Foundation in
New Delhi. He says the government has decided to hold on its food
reserves to ensure there are no shortages in the months ahead.
we are, ourselves, short, then we cannot expect any exports. Of
course, our stock position is comfortable. We have about 40 million
tons of rice and wheat. But, obviously, we cannot export," he said.
the last two years, the government has clamped down on exports of rice
and wheat, to stave off shortages and control spiraling prices.
Although India is the world's second-largest producer of wheat and
rice, sufficient stocks of food grains are of paramount concern in a
country of more than a billion people, nearly half of them poor.
are not confined to wheat and rice alone. There are fears that
production of crops such as cotton and sugar may also be affected
because of the deficiency in rains.
The growing concerns over
food production have prompted the prime minister to ask officials to
monitor the progress of the rains, on a daily basis.
Economists say a poor monsoon will also derail plans by the government to push for higher economic growth this year.