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EU Publishes Terrorist List - 2001-12-28


The European Union published a list of organizations and individuals accused of supporting terrorism in its Official Journal Friday.

One dozen organizations and 30 individuals have been added to the EU list, clearing the way for freezing their assets and taking other measures against them.

The groups accused of supporting terrorism include the Basque separatist organization, ETA, the Spain-based GRAPO, breakaway factions of the Irish Republican Army along with several Protestant militant groups in Northern Ireland, and three Greek organizations.

Arab groups added to the list are the Palestinian Islamic Jihad and the Foreign Security Organization of Hezbollah.

The individuals named include Saudis, Lebanese, Kuwaitis and a number of Basque separatists.

The list is part of moves by the European Union to better coordinate efforts against terrorism following the attacks on September 11 against the United States. It was drawn up in part to close loopholes that exist in anti-terrorism laws of some EU countries, allowing terrorists to move across open national borders.

The 15 country bloc has also created an EU-wide arrest warrant and a common definition of terrorism.

Spain, which takes over the rotating EU presidency January 1, welcomed the list as a great step forward, citing the inclusion of several organizations linked to Basque separatist violence. Those groups are ETA, or Basque Fatherland and Liberty, and its associated labor, youth, legal defense and related organizations.

Others on the list are two radical splinter groups fighting for the unification of Northern Ireland with the Irish Republic. The list also names four Protestant militant groups: the Loyalist Volunteer Force, the Orange Volunteers, the Red Hand Defenders, and the Ulster Defense Association.

The most notorious Greek group is the Revolutionary Organization, November 17, which claimed responsibility for the assassination of U.S. diplomats and others in Athens.

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