As the U.S. government budget crisis enters a second week, there are concerns that the rivalry between Democrats and Republicans in Congress may bring the United States to default, which would cause domestic and global economic woes. The world is observing developments in the U.S. capital with bewilderment, as well as concern.
Republicans may allow default
The top Republican leader in the U.S. House of Representatives has signaled that he may allow the United States to default for the first time in history if President Barack Obama refuses a compromise on federal spending. The United States must increase its debt ceiling by October 17 to be able to pay for government debt already accrued.
The president, a Democrat, said he is open to negotiation with the Republicans on any issue, but not amid such threats. "We're not going to negotiate under the threat of further harm to our economy and middle class families. We're not going to negotiate under the threat of a prolonged shutdown until Republicans get 100 percent of what they want," Obama said. "We're not going to negotiate under the threat of economic catastrophe that economists and CEOs increasingly warn would result if Congress chose to default on America's obligations.
One analyst warned that a prolonged shutdown could have harmful effects on the U.S. economy. But he said the U.S. defaulting on its debt would be worse.
Klaus Larres, a professor of international relations at the University of North Carolina, said the consequences would be disastrous for the world still recovering from a major financial crisis. "I think the Great Recession would be back with a vengeance, and we would be back in severe economic and financial difficulties. So I can only warn that the debt ceiling problem should not be mixed up with the shutdown of the government," he stated.
Larres said a default on the U.S. debt would have immediate consequences that would reverberate around the world. For example, it could undermine the U.S. dollar's position as the global reserve currency and even the U.S. role as the world's strongest economy.
"It has never happened before that such a big country as the United States, a leading superpower of the day, is defaulting on its debts for technical reasons - because the United States is still a very rich and wealthy country; the money is there," noted Larres.
But other economies also could be affected. China is concerned about more than $1 trillion it has invested in the United States and is urging the United States to raise its debt ceiling.
Larres said much of the world has difficulty understanding this U.S. crisis, especially countries with authoritarian governments, such as China and some other East Asian states.
"What is the debt ceiling, why does the government need to raise the debt ceiling? These are all questions people are wondering about because apart from the United States and Denmark, a debt ceiling doesn’t need to be raised by any other country in the world, so obviously, no one really understands that," he said.
Larres said the effects of the U.S. government shutdown are still mild, and that with a timely solution, the situation could be quickly rectified. But he added a prolonged impasse and a deeper crisis could have a negative effect that could undermine the position of the United States as the world's top political and economic leader.