Thousands of garment workers in Bangladesh blocked roads and vandalized buildings in the capital, Dhaka, Friday after a recent wage hike offered by the government fell short of their demands. The country's garment workers are among the lowest paid in the world.
The government announcement that nearly three million workers in the garment sector will have their monthly wages nearly doubled from about $25 to $43 was expected to calm workers who have led months of protests demanding higher wages.
But it has triggered more violent protests. On Friday, a day after the government formally announced the wage increase, thousands of workers blocked highways and traffic in the capital Dhaka. They pelted garment factories with stones, and vandalized buildings. Riot police used tear gas and baton charges to disperse the protesters.
The workers are angry because the 80 percent raise is less than the nearly three-fold hike they had demanded. They say the wages recommended by the government would still be too inadequate, and are demanding a better offer.
Bangladesh has more than 4,000 garment units making clothes for major Western brands such as Wal-Mart, and Zara.
Economist Mustafizur Rahman, director of the Center for Policy Dialogue in Dhaka, says the huge rise in living costs in the last four years is hurting workers.
"The workers real wages had gone down because of the price hike, and so there was a genuine demand," Rahman said. "Although what has happened is below their demand, so there may still be some discontent on that side."
The garment industry says a massive increase in wages will increase production costs and make it less competitive.
The low wages had helped Bangladesh's industry compete effectively with other major garment producers in Asia, such as China and Vietnam.
But it was widely acknowledged that the workers wages are too low. Earlier this month, the country's Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina, told parliament wages in the sector were not only inadequate but also inhuman.
The government had hoped that nearly doubling the wages will improve matters.
Bangladesh's garment industry is the country's main export earner, and earned $12 billion last year.