The Islamic State’s assault on the Syrian town of Kobani on Turkey’s border is putting Ankara under political fire.
A co-leader of Turkey’s pro-Kurdish HDP, Figen Yüksekdağ, says there is a high probability that Ankara facilitated the attack, claiming it has for years supported the Islamic State.
Turkish officials strongly deny the accusation, saying that such claims are lies and that the latest attack originated from the IS-controlled town of Jarabulus.
Ankara has been voicing growing concern about military gains against IS extremists by the Syrian Kurdish militia of the PYD, which controls Kobani.
Retired Turkish Ambassador Murat Bilhan, vice chairman of the Turkish-Asian Center for Strategic Studies, said Ankara’s concerns center on the Syrian fighters' suspected links to the PKK, a Kurdish rebel group that has been fighting the Turkish government since 1984.
"PYD is an extension of the PKK — that is the belief in Ankara," Bilhan said. "So Turkey has legitimate concerns about the PYD’s expansion towards the west, joining the Kurdish belt on the whole south of Turkey, stretching from Iraq into Syria and probably aiming at the Mediterranean."
Victories Against IS
Syrian Kurdish forces fighting with elements of the rebel Free Syrian Army, and backed by U.S.-led airstrikes, have recently scored major victories against the Islamic State group. The Syrian Kurdish-led forces are just 50 kilometers from the jihadists' headquarters in Raqqa.
But earlier this month, Ankara slammed the PYD, accusing its forces of ethnic cleansing and warning that it was watching events closely.
International relations expert Soli Ozel, of Istanbul’s Kadir Has University, said it was unlikely that Turkey would directly intervene, but that the Turkish statement added to Kurdish suspicion.
"And from the [Turkish] government, and from the media very close to the government, come all these remarks that IS is less dangerous than the PKK or PYD, which they see as identical," Ozel said.
Despite Ankara's repeated denials that it is facilitating or allowing jihadists to use its territory to enter Syria, it remains under growing pressure from its Western allies.
Analysts say differences about Syria are straining U.S.-Turkish relations.
Last month, President Barack Obama said Ankara needed to do more to secure its border, while Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan condemned Western airstrikes, claiming they were facilitating ethnic cleansing by Kurdish forces of Arabs and Turkmen.
Dismissal of Concerns
Diplomatic columnist Kadri Gursel of Turkey’s Milliyet newspaper and Al Monitor website said Washington was likely to ignore Ankara’s concerns with Kurdish forces proving so effective against Islamic State fighters.
Bilhan said resolving the differences could be achieved only by rapprochement between Ankara and the PYD, but he warned that would take time.
"Although the PYD has sent messages to Ankara through its chairman [Salih Muslim] saying, 'You do not have to fear us, we are not against Turkey,' it does not still serve any confidence in Turkey, because they can turn their weapons against Turkish interests anytime. So it will take some time for Turkey to test these people," Bilhan said.
Turkey’s political parties are trying to form a coalition government, following this month’s general election. A new government may offer the opportunity of expediting a rapprochement with the PYD, but analysts say the key to those hopes will be the unfreezing of Ankara’s peace process with the PKK.