A U.S. federal mediator says an agreement has been reached in a port dispute, averting for now a strike by thousands of longshoremen at major U.S. ports.
Containers Per Port in 2011
New York/New Jersey 4,431,053
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers
The director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, George Cohen, says a container royalty payment issue has been agreed upon in principle between the United States Maritime Alliance (USMX) and the International Longshoremen's Association (ILA), subject to achieving an overall collective bargaining agreement.
The FMCS director says significant issues remain but ILA Facts
-Largest union of maritime workers in North America
-Represents 65,000 longshoremen
-Organized in 1892
-Affiliations: American Federation of Labor; Congress of Industrial Organizations; Canadian Labour Congress; International Transport Workers' Federation
Source: International Longshoremen's Association
he is "cautiously optimistic" they can be resolved in a 30-day extension period agreed upon by the parties, which ends midnight, January 28.
Longshoremen threatened to strike starting Sunday, which would have disrupted traffic from U.S. ports in the Gulf of Mexico and on the East Coast.
The skilled longshoremen operate high-tech equipment that moves cargo containers swiftly between ships and trains or trucks. Managers say these workers are well paid, and should no longer receive additional payments based on the weight of cargo they handle. These payments started many years ago as a way to compensate longshoremen for the jobs and hours that were lost when ports became highly automated.
Government mediators said union and management representatives had agreed to talks before the contract expired.
Meanwhile, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service is still working to resolve a separate dispute in the Pacific Northwest involving 3,000 members of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union and the Pacific Northwest Grain Handlers Association.
These groups handle nearly half of U.S. wheat exports. Union members voted to reject a contract but may continue working while seeking further bargaining.
These negotiations come just a few weeks after an eight-day strike by 450 clerks at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. That hampered activities at the largest U.S. container port when thousands of union members refused to cross the clerks' picket lines.
Some information for this report was provided by AP.