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Putin in Crimea in First Visit Since Annexation

  • VOA News

Russian President Vladimir Putin makes a speech during events marking Victory Day, in Sevastopol, Crimea, May 9, 2014.

Russian President Vladimir Putin makes a speech during events marking Victory Day, in Sevastopol, Crimea, May 9, 2014.

Russian President Vladimir Putin flew to Crimea Friday to mark the Soviet Union's World War II victory, his first trip to the peninsula since Moscow annexed it from Ukraine in March.

Putin declared his country is now stronger with the annexation of Crimea.

"I am sure that 2014 will go into the annals of our whole country as the year when the nations living here firmly decided to be together with Russia, affirming fidelity to the historical truth and the memory of our ancestors,'' Putin was quoted as saying during a speech in the port city of Sevastopol.

"There is a lot of work ahead but we will overcome all difficulties because we are together, which means we have become stronger," the Russian leader said during his remarks to military leaders and other officials.

The Kyiv government immediately condemned Putin's visit as a violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and international law. The March 21st annexation of Crimea is not recognized by the United States, the European Union and NATO.

The Obama administration criticized the trip as provocative and repeated its rejection of the region's annexation. The European Union also weighed in, saying the commemoration of victory in World War II shoud not be used to showcase Russia's annexation of the region.
A sailor stands during a Victory Day military parade in Sevastopol, Crimea on May 9, 2014.

A sailor stands during a Victory Day military parade in Sevastopol, Crimea on May 9, 2014.



Putin arrived was treated like a hero upon his arrival in Sevastopol, where Russia's Black Sea Fleet is based. Earlier in the day, he watched as thousands of Russian troops marched through Moscow to mark Victory Day, the 69th anniversary of the end of World War II.

Putin made no mention of the situation in Ukraine during public remarks in Moscow. Both the Sevatopol and Russian anniversaries fall on May 9.

Later in the day, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov in a telephone conversation with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry called for urgent dialogue, mediated by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, between Kiev and south-eastern regions of Ukraine.

Lavrov also called for Washington to help end Ukrainian military operations in the south-east of the country.

Russian servicemen march during a Victory Day Parade in Moscow's Red Square on May 9, 2014.

Russian servicemen march during a Victory Day Parade in Moscow's Red Square on May 9, 2014.



Mariupol clash

Meanwhile, Ukrainian troops driving armored vehicles Friday in the port city of Mariupol smashed through barricades surrounding a police station occupied by pro-Russian separatists. Witnesses say the attack killed at least seven people, and television footage showed the building reduced to smoldering rubble.

The new violence in the southeastern port city on the Azov Sea comes two days before voters in the region decide whether to secede from Ukraine and establish an independent Donetsk People's Republic. A similar referendum is set for the nearby Luhansk region.

The Ukraine offensive in Mariupol, a city of 465,000 residents, marks the second time this week that government security forces have engaged the armed separatists.
Pro-Russian rebels guard Victory Day celebrations in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine on May 9, 2014.

Pro-Russian rebels guard Victory Day celebrations in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine on May 9, 2014.


But pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk said they will go ahead with Sunday's balloting, despite the Russian leader's call for a delay on Thursday.

Russian media quoted separatist Denis Pushilin, leader of the self-declared Donetsk People's Republic, as saying the referendum will ask residents to vote yes or no on whether they support a "proclamation of state independence."

Luhansk residents will be asked the same question, despite recent polling showing 70 percent of residents in eastern Ukraine want to remain part of Ukraine.

Fuel

In another development, Russia ordered energy-dependent Ukraine to pay in advance for all future natural gas deliveries.

The Russian Energy Ministry said Thursday Ukraine missed a Wednesday deadline to pay down a $3.5 billion energy debt. As the cash-poor Kyiv government struggles to maintain economic and political stability, Moscow now says all gas sent from June 1 will require cash in advance.

It remained unclear late Thursday what impact the prepayment edict will have on the European Union. Russia supplies about 30 percent of Western Europe's gas needs, with about half of those supplies passing through Ukraine.

Ukraine has so far refused to pay down its energy debt to protest Moscow's recent gas price increase that nearly doubles what Ukraine's energy monopoly Naftogaz pays its neighbor.

The Russian president last month warned the European Union that it would require gas prepayments from Ukraine, unless Europe helped cover the Ukraine debt. Since then, the International Monetary Fund has approved a loan package to Kyiv that includes an initial payment of more than $2 billion.

Some information for this report provided by Reuters.

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