GOMA, DRC —
Tens of thousands of people fled fighting Thursday near the town of Goma in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
As fighting raged in the hills above the town of Sake, west of Goma, its residents hit the road.
Mothers carried their children, others pushed bicycles, held mattresses, or pulled goats behind them. More than a few shook their machetes at a group of foreign journalists observing the exodus from the side of the road.
DRC M23 Rebels:
M23 fighters were once loyal to a rebel army that assimilated into the national army of Congo in a 2009 peace deal
Hundreds of former rebel army members mutinied earlier this year, complaining that the government had not fulfilled promises of better pay and weapons
From the mutineers, the M23 - named for the March 23, 2009 peace deal - emerged
A U.N. report said there are indications the rebels are getting outside aid. U.N. experts say Rwanda and Uganda are backing M23. Both Countries deny this
The U.N. Security Council is considering sanctions on M23 leaders and has demanded an end to "all outside support" of the group
Experts say a driving force behind the regional conflict are deposits of tin, gold, tungsten, and coltan, a mineral used in laptops and mobile phones in eastern Congo, where M23 operates
Soldiers from the rebel group M23 claimed to have taken control of Sake a day earlier, their most recent conquest in a campaign to seize territory in eastern Congo, including the commercial hub of Goma.
But, according to residents fleeing Sake, the rebels have started to face resistance from other rebel groups operating in the area.
This woman, who declined to give her name, blamed the Congolese army for failing to protect the town.
“This morning we just saw the M23 occupy the nearby hill,” she said. “Right now they have started fighting with the militia group. The government troops are not here, because they have run away.”
M23 sent reinforcements to Sake on Thursday. Civilians from the area said the rebels had retreated somewhat from the town by late afternoon.
The rebel group seized control of Goma on Monday, after pushing back Congolese army units who were supported by United Nations peacekeepers.
While Goma has been mostly peaceful since the rebel takeover, tensions are still high.
Photo Gallery: Rebels in Goma
In a statement Thursday, the aid group Oxfam
warned of the “very real risk” of state collapse in eastern Congo that could push the humanitarian crisis
to “new depths.”
The fighting around Goma has displaced at least 60,000 people on top of hundreds of thousands already displaced by chronic violence perpetrated by armed groups in the region.
Meantime, the residents of the area are waiting to see M23's next move. The rebels have vowed to press on south around Lake Kivu to the town of Bukavu.