A Brief History of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
1909: Founded in New York City by multi-racial activists, including W.E.B. DuBois, in response to deadly race riots in Springfield, Illinois.
1915: Won first legal case before U.S. Supreme Court (Guinn v. United States) challenging state law that exempted white
voters from taking literacy tests as requirement of voting through so-called "grandfather clause."
1923: Won case before U.S. Supreme Court (Moore v. Dempsey) that banned cities from legally preventing African Americans from
purchasing real estate.
1941: Successfully pressured President Franklin D. Roosevelt to ban discrimination in federal government agencies and defense industries.
1954: Won landmark case before U.S. Supreme Court (Brown v. Board of Education) that declared racially segregated public schools