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NAACP Brief History

A Brief History of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

Founded in New York City by multi-racial activists, including W.E.B. DuBois, in response to deadly race riots in Springfield, Illinois.

1915: Won first legal case before U.S. Supreme Court (Guinn v. United States) challenging state law that exempted white
voters from taking literacy tests as requirement of voting through so-called "grandfather clause."

1923: Won case before U.S. Supreme Court (Moore v. Dempsey) that banned cities from legally preventing African Americans from
purchasing real estate.

1941: Successfully pressured President Franklin D. Roosevelt to ban discrimination in federal government agencies and defense industries.

1954: Won landmark case before U.S. Supreme Court (Brown v. Board of Education) that declared racially segregated public schools