The United Nations should do more to deliver aid to millions of people in Syria who desperately need it, humanitarian and international law experts wrote in an open letter to the organization.
, published in European newspapers, said the United Nations is too concerned about violating Syria’s sovereignty, and should do more to force the Damascus government to allow humanitarian aid into the country.
“Blatant disregard for the most basic rules of international humanitarian law by the Syrian government and elements of the opposition is causing millions to suffer,” the letter asserted. “But this appalling situation has been compounded by an overly cautious interpretation of international humanitarian law, which has held U.N. agencies back from delivering humanitarian aid across borders.”
The experts said the legal commitment to Syria’s sovereignty is outweighed by an international doctrine called the Responsibility to Protect
. The concept is that if states do not protect their citizens from mass killing and other crimes against humanity, the international community has a responsibility to do so.
Professor Stephen Chan
of the University of London is one of the 35 signatories to the open letter.
“I just think that the humanitarian situation in Syria has become so desperate that the time for legal caution has passed,” Chan said.
The letter acknowledges that taking a more aggressive approach, such as trying to send in relief convoys without permission, could be dangerous.
But Chan said armed convoys
have been used before, in other conflicts. He said it may be time to try that in Syria.
“The Syrian government would be taking a huge risk in terms of what little respect it still has, if it were to attack a humanitarian convoy,” he said.
Chan said the letter-writers want to pressure the Syrian government, and rebel groups, to allow the aid to pass. But he said, more importantly, the United Nations needs to authorize a more aggressive humanitarian approach.
“The key objective is the United Nations, but also within the United Nations pressure on the Security Council, and particularly on countries like Russia, to facilitate what is intended here, in our letter, very, very much as a humanitarian exercise," Chan said.
The United Nations said more than 9 million people in Syria are in urgent need of assistance, and 3.5 million of them are in hard to reach areas.