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US Taliban Release Angers Afghanistan


U.S. President Barack Obama stands with Bob Bergdahl (R) and Jami Bergdahl (L) as he delivers a statement about the release of their son, prisoner of war U.S. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl, in the Rose Garden at the White House in Washington May 31, 2014.

U.S. President Barack Obama stands with Bob Bergdahl (R) and Jami Bergdahl (L) as he delivers a statement about the release of their son, prisoner of war U.S. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl, in the Rose Garden at the White House in Washington May 31, 2014.

Afghanistan's government reacted in anger at President Barack Obama's decision to release five Taliban detainees from U.S. detention at Guantanamo Bay into Qatar's jurisdiction, in exchange for an American soldier who had been held by the Taliban for five years.

Afghanistan's foreign ministry said the U.S. decision was a potential breach of international law.

Reuters quoted a source close to Afghan President Hamid Karzai who said Karzai is "even more distrustful" of U.S. intentions in the country.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Ahmad Shakeb Mustaghni said Monday the government had handed over an official note to the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, questioning the conditions of the prisoners’ release.
Guantanamo Detainees Released for American Soldier:
  • Khairullah Khairkhwa - Close associate of Osama bin Laden, interior minister and Herat governor during Taliban rule
  • Abdul Haq Wasiq - Deputy chief of intelligence for the Taliban
  • Mullah Mohammad Fazl - Senior Taliban army commander, accused of war crimes during Afghanistan's civil war
  • Mohammad Nabi Omari - Significant Taliban official with ties to the Haqqani network and other terrorist groups
  • Mullah Norullah Noori - Senior military commander and provincial governor during Taliban rule
Mustaghni said contrary to previous understanding, these five citizens of the Afghanistan Islamic Republic were handed over to Qatar. He added that if they do not have complete freedom of movement, or if their freedoms are denied in any way, or if they are held under detention, then this would be of strong concern to Afghanistan and grounds for protest.

Bowe Bergdahl
  • U.S. Army sergeant, was ranked private at time of his capture
  • Disappeared from army base in Paktika province, Afghanistan in June 2009
  • Taliban initially demanded $1 million and release of 21 Afghan prisoners for his release
  • Freed by Taliban on May 31, 2014 in exchange for five prisoners held by U.S. at Guantanamo Bay
  • Born March 28, 1986 in Sun Valley, Idaho
The prisoner swap secured the release of the only U.S. prisoner of war in Afghanistan, Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. Bergdahl was flown out of Afghanistan to a U.S. base in Germany after spending five years as a prisoner of the Taliban.

The detained Taliban commanders were flown to Qatar. The emirate has worked as a middleman in previous negotiation attempts between the United States, the Taliban and the Afghan government.

Under the terms of the deal, the former Guantanamo prisoners are to remain in Qatar for at least one year. They include the Taliban’s former deputy defense minister, and other senior leaders during the extremist group’s rule.

One of the five was linked to former al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, and another was believed to have been behind mass sectarian killings in 2001-2002.

Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Omar, in a rare public statement since he went into hiding in 2001, claimed the prisoners’ release was a “big victory."

Bergdahl’s release, which U.S. Defense Secretary Charles Hagel said took place because the sergeant’s health was deteriorating, comes seven months before the end of international combat operations in Afghanistan.

Bergdahl disappeared from his base in Afghanistan on June 30, 2009, under murky circumstances. It was unclear whether he defied orders and was absent without leave, or was kidnapped.

Five years later, the Taliban finally handed him over to U.S. Special Forces in the eastern region of Afghanistan, near the Pakistani border, on Sunday, June 1.
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    Sharon Behn

    Sharon Behn is a foreign correspondent working out of Voice of America’s headquarters in Washington D.C  Her current beat focuses on political, security and humanitarian developments in Iraq, Syria and Turkey. Follow Sharon on Twitter and on Facebook.

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