News / Africa

As Referendum Nears, Thousands Face a Difficult Path Home to Southern Sudan

Southern Sudanese people in the north load their belongings on the truck as they prepare to leave for the south before the secession referendum, in an area called Mandela in Khartoum January 5, 2011
Southern Sudanese people in the north load their belongings on the truck as they prepare to leave for the south before the secession referendum, in an area called Mandela in Khartoum January 5, 2011

Hundreds of southerners are stranded in camps near the edge of Khartoum. They’ve been stuck there for more than three weeks waiting for the Government of Southern Sudan to provide them with transport to go back home ahead of the independence referendum next week.

Those stranded near the town of Mayo, 25 km south of Khartoum, say that they don't have money to return home on their own, and they need the government to step in.

"Our situation is very bad, we have money problem, we need to the government of south Sudan to give money for us and to take us to travel to Wau, please we need any country to come and help us," says Joseph, a southerner trying to get back to his home in Wau.

Tens of thousands of southerners have already returned to their ancestral homelands in anticipation of the referendum on independence, many through a government program that aims to provide free transport to 1.5 million southerners living in the north.

Many southerners say they are leaving because of uncertainty about their citizenship rights or because of possible retaliations against them in the north after should the south decide to secede in the referendum. Some arrived back with the hope to register for the referendum, and some to come back home to a place where they feel more safe than in the North.

“In the North, there is a lot of discrimination. Whenever a northerner comes in the night and finds you having property, he could simply deprive you of having them,” explains Santino Aleu, a recent returnee to the south. “That is why I used my own money and paid it as busfare and came home. And I caught up with people registering themselves for referendum’s votes, and I am now registered. Even though we are faced with some tough conditions like lack of food here, it is our home. There is no way we can leave our home again.”

Northern Bahr el Gazal state in southern Sudan is one of the states that has hired buses to voluntarily bring home some of its people who were displaced to the north during the war.

Those who have returned have been reunified with some of their family members, and most are being allocated lands. The state government, with United Nations support, has also provided food relief, clean water, shelter, and land to help meet their basic needs, but some say it is not enough.

Amiir Akok, a returnee woman, says although she is happy being home, she still faces a lack of food, water and other needs.

“We are glad for having arrived back, because the life in the North was not safe,” she says, adding, “We have come with little children, they are with us, they are suffering from hunger, and lack of health services.”

It’s not the first time the state has organized to bring its former residents back home. It has been bringing people back since 2007, but many return to the north and resume working petty jobs due to Northern Bahr el Ghazal’s lack of educational and health services, and lack of employment opportunities.

One recent returnee, Piol Bol Akok urges his fellow returnees to endure the challenges this time around and stay in the south.

“What I also like to tell my people who came with me is that if someone misses better education, and healthcare, I am appealing to all of them to stay here and should not go back to North,” he says.

Piol Bol Akok also appeals to the state government to fulfill its promise to bring home those who want to return.

“What I like the state governments do is to implement what they said, that they would bring back everyone in the northern camp,” he says. “We have people who are still in camps such as in Darfur. We want the government to increase the number of buses and send them and bring back them here.

Cezar Andrea is one of those who is stranded in the north. He wants to get back to his hometown of Wau, but says he is losing hope that the government will come to his aid.

"We've been here for 24 days, we should be in the south long time ago,” he says. “I don't know when we will go. They are telling us every day, ‘tomorrow you will leave,’ but if you come tomorrow you will find us here.”

You May Like

Mali's Female Basketball Players Rebound After Islamist Occupation

Islamist extremists ruled northern Mali for most of 2012, imposing strict Sharia law, and now some 18 months later, the region is slowly getting back on its feet More

Video Vietnamese Staging Chinese Product Boycott After Oil Rig Spat

Many Chinese-made products go unsold, for now, with numerous Vietnamese consumers still angry over recent dispute More

Koreas Mark 61st Anniversary of War Armistice

Muted observances on both sides of heavily-armed Demilitarized Zone that separates two decades-long enemies More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Students in Business for Themselvesi
X
Mike O'Sullivan
July 26, 2014 11:04 AM
They're only high school students, but they are making accessories for shoes, fabricating backpacks and doing product photography - all through their own businesses. It's the result of a partnership between a non-profit organization that teaches entrepreneurship and their schools. VOA's Mike O'Sullivan and Deyane Moses met the budding entrepreneurs near Los Angeles.
Video

Video Students in Business for Themselves

They're only high school students, but they are making accessories for shoes, fabricating backpacks and doing product photography - all through their own businesses. It's the result of a partnership between a non-profit organization that teaches entrepreneurship and their schools. VOA's Mike O'Sullivan and Deyane Moses met the budding entrepreneurs near Los Angeles.
Video

Video Astronauts Train in Underwater Lab

In the world’s only underwater laboratory, four U.S. astronauts train for a planned visit to an asteroid. The lab - called Aquarius- is located five kilometers off Key Largo, in southern Florida. Living in close quarters and making excursions only into the surrounding ocean, they try to simulate the daily routine of a crew that will someday travel to collect samples of a rock orbiting far away from earth. VOA’s George Putic has more.
Video

Video Not Even Monks Spared From Thailand’s Junta-Backed Morality Push

With Thailand’s military government firmly in control after May’s bloodless coup, authorities are carrying out plans they say are aimed at restoring discipline, morality and patriotism to all Thais. The measures include a crackdown on illegal gambling, education reforms to promote students’ moral development, and a new 24-hour phone hotline for citizens to report misbehaving monks. Steve Sandford reports from Bangkok.
Video

Video Virtual Program Teaches Farming Skills

In a fast-changing world beset by unpredictable climate conditions, farmers cannot afford to ignore new technology. Researchers in Australia are developing an online virtual world program to share information about climate change and more sustainable farming techniques for sugar cane growers. As VOA's Zlatica Hoke reports, the idea is to create a wider support network for farmers.
Video

Video Airline Expert: Missile will Show Signature on Debris

The debris field from Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 is spread over a 21-kilometer radius in eastern Ukraine. It is expected to take investigators months to sort through the airplane pieces to learn about the missile that brought down the jetliner and who fired it. VOAs Carolyn Presutti explains how this work will be done.
Video

Video Treatment for Childhood Epilepsy Heats up Medical Marijuana Debate

In the United States, marijuana is classed as an illegal drug by the federal government. But nearly half the states have legalized it, to some degree. Proponents say some strains of marijuana might have exceptional health benefits, for treating pain or inflammation in chronic conditions such as cancer, multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. Shelley Schlender reports on a strain of medical marijuana developed in Colorado that is reputed to reduce seizures in childhood epilepsy
Video

Video Airbus Adds Metal 3D Printed Parts to New Jets

By the end of this year, European aircraft manufacturing consortium Airbus plans to deliver the first of its new, extra-wide-body passenger jets, the A350-XWB. Among other technological innovations, the new plane will also incorporate metal parts made in a 3-D printer. VOA's George Putic has more.
Video

Video AIDS Conference Welcomes Exciting Developments in HIV Treatment, Prevention

Significant strides have been made in recent years toward the treatment and prevention of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. This year, at the International AIDS Conference, the AIDS community welcomed progress on a new pill that may prevent transmission of the deadly virus. VOA’s Anita Powell reports from Melbourne, Australia.
Video

Video IAEA: Iran Turns its Enriched Uranium Into Less Harmful Form

Iran has converted its stockpiles of enriched uranium into a less dangerous form that is more difficult to use for nuclear weapons, according to the United Nations’ Atomic Energy Agency. The move complies with an interim deal reached with Western powers on Iran's nuclear program last year, in exchange for easing of sanctions. Henry Ridgwell reports for VOA from London.

AppleAndroid