News / Asia

Asia Faces Tough Fight in Keeping HIV Infection Rate Low

Asia Faces Tough Fight in Keeping HIV Infection Rate Low
Asia Faces Tough Fight in Keeping HIV Infection Rate Low

Multimedia

Brian Padden

At the coming AIDS conference in Vienna, experts will examine the state of the global fight against HIV. The United Nations says most Asian countries have an AIDS infection rate of less than one percent. But because of the large populations, that translates to almost five-million people living with HIV. Health experts say the key to preventing a widespread epidemic in Asia is to reach out to people engaging in high-risk behaviors.

Rasta, like many first-time patients at an AIDS clinic in Jakarta, is apprehensive.

She says she is afraid of what she might find out from the HIV test.

The clinic is one of the more than 700 facilities working to stem the rising HIV infection rate in Indonesia. Here, like in many parts of Asia, AIDS is concentrated within groups that participate in high-risk behaviors, such as sex workers, homosexual men and injecting drug users.

The U.S. Agency for International Development's HIV/AIDS advisor here, Lisa Baldwin, says while Indonesia has only a 0.1 percent HIV infection rate nationally, the rate for injecting drug users in Jakarta is 56 percent. For sex workers it is 16 percent.

Baldwin says working with these high-risk groups now could prevent a wider epidemic in Indonesia and many other parts of Asia.

"They are a population that could really be a bridging population to the more general community," said Baldwin. "So I think there is opportunity to really clamp down and keep this more contained but there are also opportunities for this to spill out."

In addition to taking blood samples and testing for HIV, the staff at the clinic also counsel clients to use condoms during sex and use sterile needles to prevent infection.

Some in the Islamic religious community object to these programs, which they say condone immoral behavior. But Nafsia Mboi, the secretary-general of the Indonesian National AIDS Prevention Commission, says its role is not to judge the patient but to treat and prevent the disease.

"While those that think this is a disease of sinners, I usually say, well they are still Indonesian, sinners or not sinners," Mboi said. "They are still Indonesian and they have the right to life and the right to health, the right to education and so that is our responsibility."

In China, the United Nations says 700,000 people live with HIV or AIDS. Chinese health officials say in the past, misinformation about how the disease spreads, discrimination and a lack of treatment made people reluctant to seek help.

But they say today education efforts like this public service announcement featuring basketball player Yao Ming have helped increase understanding.

And with support from international organizations like the Global Fund, antiretroviral drugs to treat AIDS are increasingly available in China and elsewhere in Asia.

These developments have encouraged more people in China to get tested. But Jiang, who is living with AIDS in Beijing and does not want his full name known, says the stigma of AIDS remains.

He says he has only told other patients and nurses about his condition because the pressure in society is too much.

Thailand is one of the few countries in Asia that has significantly reduced the spread of HIV and AIDS.

The World Health Organization says between 1989 and 1994 the number of new sexually transmitted disease cases among men treated at government clinics, plummeted by more than 90 percent.

Former Cabinet minister Mechai Viravaidya led the condom use promotion. His efforts include opening a restaurant called Cabbages and Condoms that gives diners condoms. But the AIDS activist says the Thai government's commitment was key to containing the disease.

"Firstly, there was political commitment and financial commitment," said Mechai. "All the money spent on HIV prevention or treatment in Thailand, 90 percent came from the government or from within the country. Only 10 percent from the outside. So many countries do not have the political or the financial commitment and expect the rest of the world to save you."

And with much of the region doing well economically, USAID's Baldwin says donors are expecting more Asian countries to take over funding AIDS programs soon.

"So you know, I think the donors are all prioritizing and one of the factors that is always considered is how much money is there within the local economy to be, should there be to contribute," Baldwin said.

In some countries, such as Indonesia, international donors provide 80 percent or more of the AIDS funding. Baldwin says that can not continue indefinitely.

You May Like

Philippines, Muslim Rebels Try to Salvage Peace Pact

Peace process faces major setback after botched military operation to find terrorists results in bloody gunbattle between government forces, Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters More

Republicans Expect Long, Expensive Presidential Battle

Political strategist says eventual winner will be one who can put together strongest coalition of various conservative groups that make up Republican Party More

Video New Wheelchair Is Easier to Use, Increases Mobility

Engineers have come up with a lever-operated design that makes use of easily accessible bicycle technology More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Liberia's Almost Last Ebola Patient Grateful but Still Grievingi
X
Benno Muchler
March 26, 2015 3:41 PM
Beatrice Yardolo was to make history as Liberia’s last Ebola patient. Liberians recently started counting down 42 days, the period that has to go by without a single new infection until the World Health Organization can declare a country Ebola-free. That countdown stopped on March 20 when there was another new case of Ebola, making Yardolo’s story a reminder that Ebola is far from over. Benno Muchler reports from Monrovia.
Video

Video Liberia's Almost Last Ebola Patient Grateful but Still Grieving

Beatrice Yardolo was to make history as Liberia’s last Ebola patient. Liberians recently started counting down 42 days, the period that has to go by without a single new infection until the World Health Organization can declare a country Ebola-free. That countdown stopped on March 20 when there was another new case of Ebola, making Yardolo’s story a reminder that Ebola is far from over. Benno Muchler reports from Monrovia.
Video

Video Cambodian Land Grabs Threaten Traditional Communities

Indigenous communities in Cambodia's Ratanakiri province say the government’s economic land concession policy is taking away their land and traditional way of life, making many fear that their identity will soon be lost. Local authorities, though, have denied this is the case. VOA's Say Mony went to investigate and filed this report, narrated by Colin Lovett.
Video

Video US, South Korea Conduct Joint Military Exercises

The Eighth U.S. Army Division and the Eighth Republic of Korea Mechanized Infantry Division put on a well orchestrated show of force for the media this week during their joint military training exercises in South Korea. VOA’s Seoul correspondent Brian Padden was there and reports the soldiers were well disciplined both in conducting a complex live fire exercise and in staying on message with the press.
Video

Video Space Program Status Disappoints 'Last Man on the Moon'

One of the films that drew big crowds last week at the annual South by Southwest festival in Austin, Texas, tells the story of the last human being to stand on the moon, U.S. astronaut Eugene Cernan. It has been 42 years since Cernan returned from the moon and he laments that no one else has gone there since. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports.
Video

Video Young Filmmakers Shine Spotlight on Giving Back

A group of student filmmakers from across the United States joined President Barack Obama at the White House this month for the second annual White House Student Film Festival. Fifteen short films were officially selected from more than 1,500 entries by students aged 6 through 18. The filmmakers and their families then joined the president and a group of celebrities for a screening of their films. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
Video

Video VOA Exclusive: Interview with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, during his first visit as president to Washington, gave a one-on-one interview with VOA Afghan Service reporter Said Suleiman Ashna, about his request for a change in U.S. troop levels, the threat from the Islamic State, and repairing relations with the United States and Pakistan. The interview was held at Blair House, late Sunday, in Pashto.
Video

Video California Science Center Tells Story of Dead Sea Scrolls

The ancient manuscripts were uncovered in the mid-20th century, and they are still yielding clues about life and religious beliefs in ancient Israel. As VOA's Mike O'Sullivan reports, an exhibit in Los Angeles shows how modern science is bringing the history of these ancient documents to life.
Video

Video Angelina Jolie Takes Another Bold Step

Hollywood actress and filmmaker Angelina Jolie has revealed she had her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed to lower her odds of getting cancer. Doctors say the huge publicity over her decision will help raise awareness about the importance of cancer screening. VOA’s George Putic has more

All About America

Circumventing Censorship

An Internet Primer for Healthy Web Habits

As surveillance and censoring technologies advance, so, too, do new tools for your computer or mobile device that help protect your privacy and break through Internet censorship.
More