News / USA

    Congress Reviews US Policy Toward Sudan

    Two victims, part of seven-woman group gang raped while collecting firewood outside their refugee camp. (File)
    Two victims, part of seven-woman group gang raped while collecting firewood outside their refugee camp. (File)

    Several leading U.S. lawmakers say this is a critical moment for Sudan.  They called on their congressional colleagues Wednesday to refocus on the country's instability and help shape the Obama administration's policy on Sudan. 

    Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman, Democrat John Kerry chaired a hearing on U.S. policy in Sudan, the comprehensive peace agreement and the ongoing crisis in Darfur.

    Kerry noted that the people of southern Sudan are scheduled to vote in a referendum on independence next January, and said every "credible" public opinion survey indicates that they will vote for independence. 

    Kerry said the stakes for the war-torn country are clear. "According to [U.S.] Director of National Intelligence Dennis Blair, while a number of countries in Asia and Africa are at significant risk of a new outbreak of mass killing over the next five years, southern Sudan is the place where 'a new mass killing or genocide is most likely to occur,'" he said.

    President Barack Obama's special envoy for Sudan, Retired Air Force General Scott Gration, testified before the Senate committee.  He faced numerous questions about why violence, particularly against women, is still raging in Sudan -- five years after the comprehensive peace agreement was implemented.

    Gration called on United Nations forces to step up their efforts. "The U.N. forces, the U.N. aid forces, have to provide an umbrella of security, more than they are doing right now.  In most areas, they do not patrol past 10 o'clock at night," he explained. "And they do not patrol where the women have to go out and collect firewood, and those kinds of places.  I believe in the short term, there has to be more security that is put on there."

    Recently, Gration has been criticized by a senior Republican lawmaker and several advocacy groups.  In a letter to President Obama last week, Representative Frank Wolf of Virginia asked Mr. Obama to put Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice in control of what he termed a "languishing" U.S. policy toward Sudan.

    "What we're asking is that Secretary Clinton and Ambassador Rice take this policy back into the head office.  Rice knows this policy.  I worked with Susan Rice when she was in the Clinton administration.  She is tough, pragmatic and understands the whole issue of Darfur, the north-south agreement.  But the Secretary has got to start engaging," Wolf said.

    Wolf criticized Gration's efforts to engage the Sudanese government of President Omar al-Bashir.  He said Gration has failed to recognize the true nature of the Sudanese leader, who is accused of crimes against humanity in Darfur.

    Gration answered the criticism briefly at the Senate committee hearing, saying that Ambassador Rice is taking action and that Secretary Clinton is in charge on Sudan. "I think Ambassador Rice is already working in her job as [U.S.] Ambassador in the U.N. to highlight these issues.  She has called for hearings; she is working the issue very hard.  And we are in constant communication.  Secretary Clinton has been superb and continues to help in every way she can to raise this level," he said.

    A coalition of 25 Sudan and Darfur activist groups have endorsed Representative Wolf's appeal, voicing concern about what they call the Obama administration's weak implementation of its declared Sudan policy.

    You May Like

    Video As Refugees Perish, Greek Graveyards Fill

    Before burial at overflowing cemeteries, unidentified dead being swapped for DNA, in case some day relatives come to learn their fate

    Russian Opposition Leader Sues Putin for Conflict of Interest

    Alexei Navalny tells VOA in exclusive interview why transfer of $2 billion from country’s wealth fund to company with ties to President Putin’s son-in-law triggered lawsuit

    How Diversity Has Changed America

    Over the past four decades, the level of diversity in the United States has increased most in these four states

    This forum has been closed.
    Comments
         
    There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    As Refugees Perish, Greek Graveyards Filli
    X
    Hamada Elsaram
    February 11, 2016 8:01 PM
    Aid workers on the Greek island of Lesbos say they are struggling to bury the increasing number of bodies of refugees that have been recovered or washed up ashore in recent months.  The graveyards are all full, they say, yet as tens of thousands of people clamor to get out of Syria, it is clear refugees will still be coming in record numbers. For VOA, Hamada Elrasam reports from Lesbos, Greece.
    Video

    Video As Refugees Perish, Greek Graveyards Fill

    Aid workers on the Greek island of Lesbos say they are struggling to bury the increasing number of bodies of refugees that have been recovered or washed up ashore in recent months.  The graveyards are all full, they say, yet as tens of thousands of people clamor to get out of Syria, it is clear refugees will still be coming in record numbers. For VOA, Hamada Elrasam reports from Lesbos, Greece.
    Video

    Video To Fight Zika, Scientists Target Mosquitoes

    Mosquitoes strike again. The Zika virus outbreak is just the latest headline-grabbing epidemic carried by these biting pests, but researchers are fighting back with new ways to control them. VOA's Steve Baragona takes a look.
    Video

    Video Mosul Refugees Talk About Life Under IS

    A top U.S. intelligence official told Congress this week that a planned Iraqi-led operation to re-take the city of Mosul from Islamic State militants is unlikely to take place this year. IS took over the city in June 2014, and for the past year and a half, Mosul residents have been held captive under its rule. VOA's Zana Omar talked to some families who managed to escape. Bronwyn Benito narrates his report.
    Video

    Video Scientists Make Progress Toward Better Diabetes Treatment, Cure

    Scientists at two of the top U.S. universities say they have made significant advances in their quest to find a more efficient treatment for diabetes and eventually a cure. According to the International Diabetes Federation, the disease affects more than 370 million people worldwide. VOA’s George Putic reports.
    Video

    Video NATO to Target Migrant Smugglers

    NATO has announced plans to send warships to the Aegean Sea to target migrant smugglers in the alliance's most direct intervention so far since a wave of people began trying to reach European shores.
    Video

    Video Russia's Catholics, Orthodox Hopeful on Historic Pope-Patriarch Meeting

    Russia's Catholic minority has welcomed an historic first meeting Friday in Cuba between the Pope and the Patriarch of Russia's dominant Orthodox Church. The Orthodox Church split with Rome in 1054 and analysts say politics, both church and state, have been driving the relationship in the centuries since. VOA's Daniel Schearf reports from Moscow.
    Video

    Video Used Books Get a New Life on the Streets of Lagos

    Used booksellers are importing books from abroad and selling them on the streets of Africa's largest city. What‘s popular with readers may surprise you. Chris Stein reports from Lagos.
    Video

    Video After NH Primaries All Eyes on South Carolina

    After Tuesday's primary in New Hampshire, US presidential candidates swiftly turned to the next election coming up in South Carolina. The so-called “first-in-the-South” poll may help further narrow down the field of candidates. Zlatica Hoke reports.
    Video

    Video US Co-ed Selective Service Plan Stirs Controversy

    Young women may soon be required to register with the U.S. Selective Service System, the U.S. government agency charged with implementing a draft in a national emergency. Top Army and Marine Corps commanders told the Senate Armed Services Committee recently that women should register, and a bill has been introduced in Congress requiring eligible women to sign up for the military draft. The issue is stirring some controversy, as VOA’s Bernard Shusman reports from New York.
    Video

    Video Lessons Learned From Ebola Might Help Fight Zika

    Now that the Ebola epidemic has ended in West Africa, Zika has the world's focus. And, as Carol Pearson reports, health experts and governments are applying some of the lessons learned during the Ebola crisis in Africa to fight the Zika virus in Latin America and the Caribbean.
    Video

    Video Smartphone Helps Grow Vegetables

    One day, you may be using your smartphone to grow your vegetables. A Taipei-based company has developed a farm cube — a small, enclosed ecosystem designed to grow plants indoors. The environment inside is automatically adjusted by the cube, but it can also be controlled through an app. VOA's Deborah Block has more on the gardening system.
    Video

    Video Illinois Voters Have Mixed Emotions on Obama’s Return to Springfield

    On the ninth anniversary of the launch of his quest for national office, President Barack Obama returned to Springfield, Illinois, to speak to the Illinois General Assembly, where he once served as state senator. His visit was met with mixed emotions by those with a front-row seat on his journey to the White House. VOA's Kane Farabaugh reports.
    Video

    Video Exhibit Turns da Vinci’s Drawings Into Real Objects

    In addition to being a successful artist, Renaissance genius Leonardo da Vinci designed many practical machines, some of which are still in use today, although in different forms. But a number of his projects were never realized — until today. VOA’s George Putic reports.
    Video

    Video Heated Immigration Debate Limits Britain’s Refugee Response

    Compared to many other European states, Britain has agreed to accept a relatively small number of Syrian refugees. Just over a thousand have arrived so far -- and some are being resettled in remote corners of the country. Henry Ridgwell reports on why Britain’s response has lagged behind its neighbors.
    Video

    Video Russia's Car Sales Shrink Overall, But Luxury and Economy Models See Growth

    Car sales in Russia dropped by more than a third in 2015 because of the country's economic woes. But, at the extreme ends of the car market, luxury vehicles and some economy brands are actually experiencing growth. VOA's Daniel Schearf reports from Moscow.