News / Europe

    CPJ: Record Number of Reporters Jailed Worldwide

    Turkish journalists carry a large sign displaying a letter to Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan that calls for the release of jailed journalists, during a demonstration on Istiklal Avenue in Istanbul, on March 13, 2011.Turkish journalists carry a large sign displaying a letter to Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan that calls for the release of jailed journalists, during a demonstration on Istiklal Avenue in Istanbul, on March 13, 2011.
    x
    Turkish journalists carry a large sign displaying a letter to Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan that calls for the release of jailed journalists, during a demonstration on Istiklal Avenue in Istanbul, on March 13, 2011.
    Turkish journalists carry a large sign displaying a letter to Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan that calls for the release of jailed journalists, during a demonstration on Istiklal Avenue in Istanbul, on March 13, 2011.
    VOA News
    The U.S.-based Committee to Protect Journalists says the number of reporters in prisons worldwide reached a record high this year.

    The watchdog group named Turkey, Iran and China the worst offenders, saying those governments stepped up terror and other anti-state charges to silence critical media.
     
    A CPJ report issued Tuesday says 232 writers, editors, and photojournalists were behind bars as of December 1, a record number since the group began counting in 1990. The nearly 30 percent increase over 2011 is the largest percentage jump in a decade.

    To date, there have been 65 journalists killed worldwide in 2012.
     
    Countries with the most journalists in jail as of December 1:

    1. Turkey         49
    2. Iran             45
    3. China          32
    4. Eritrea         28
    5. Syria           15
    6. Vietnam       14
    7. Azerbaijan     9
    8. Ethiopia         6
    9. Saudi Arabia  4
        Uzbekistan    4 
        
    Rankings determined by the Committee to Protect Journalists
    CPJ Executive Director Joel Simon said anti-state charges and 'terrorist' labels are the preferred means by governments to intimidate, detain, and imprison journalists. The group found at least 132 reporters were being held worldwide on such charges.

    Turkey holds 49 journalists, more than any other country. Dozens are Kurdish reporters and editors held on terror-related charges and anti-government plots.

    Iran, the second-worst jailer with 45 behind bars, has sustained a crackdown that began after the disputed 2009 presidential election. China is the third worst, with 19 of the 32 journalists held from the Muslim Uighur minority and ethnic Tibetan groups.

    The group said the Red Sea nation of Eritrea has 28 journalists in jail, with none publicly charged or having appeared in court. Syrian forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad were holding at least 15 reporters.

    Vietnam, Azerbaijan, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia and Uzbekistan complete the top 10 countries holding the most journalists behind bars.

    A record high number of journalists were jailed in 2012.A record high number of journalists were jailed in 2012.
    x
    A record high number of journalists were jailed in 2012.
    A record high number of journalists were jailed in 2012.
    For the first time since 1996, Burma is not among the nations jailing journalists. As part of the country’s historic transition to civilian rule, the authorities released at least 12 imprisoned journalists in a series of pardons during the past year.

    A single imprisonment in Cuba was the only case documented by CPJ in the Americas, where jailings have become increasingly rare.

    The overwhelming majority of the detainees are local journalists being held by their own governments.

    CPJ said 118 journalists whose work appeared primarily online were in jail on December 1, constituting a little more than half of the census.

    Print journalists constituted the second-largest professional group, with 77 jailed worldwide. The other detainees were from radio, television, and documentary filmmaking.

    You May Like

    Clinton, Trump and the 'Woman’s Card'

    Ask supporters of Democratic front-runner in US presidential campaign, and they’ll tell you Republican presidential candidate is playing a dangerous hand

    Russian Censorship Group Seeks Chinese Help to Better Control Internet

    At recent Safe Internet League forum in Moscow, speakers from both nations underscored desire for authorities to further limit and control information online

    Video Makeshift Pakistani School Helps Slum Kids

    Free classes in Islamabad park serve a few of the country’s nearly 25 million out-of-school youths; NGO cites ‘education crisis’

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    Turkish Kurd Islamist Rally Stokes Tensionsi
    X
    April 29, 2016 12:28 AM
    In a sign of the rising power of Islamists in Turkey, more than 100,000 people recently gathered in Diyarbakir, the main city in Turkey’s predominantly Kurdish southeast, to mark the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad. The gathering highlighted tensions with the pro-secular Kurdish nationalist movement. Dorian Jones reports from Diyarbakir.
    Video

    Video Turkish Kurd Islamist Rally Stokes Tensions

    In a sign of the rising power of Islamists in Turkey, more than 100,000 people recently gathered in Diyarbakir, the main city in Turkey’s predominantly Kurdish southeast, to mark the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad. The gathering highlighted tensions with the pro-secular Kurdish nationalist movement. Dorian Jones reports from Diyarbakir.
    Video

    Video Pakistani School Helps Slum Kids

    Master Mohammad Ayub runs a makeshift school in a public park in Islamabad. Thousands of poor children have benefited from his services over the years, but, as VOA's Ayesha Tanzeem reports, roughly 25 million school-age youths don't get an education in Pakistan.
    Video

    Video Florida’s Weeki Wachee ‘Mermaids’ Make a Splash

    Since 1947, ‘mermaids’ have fascinated tourists at central Florida’s Weeki Wachee Springs State Park with their fluid movements and synchronized ballet. Performing underwater has its challenges, including cold temperatures and a steady current, as VOA’s Lin Yang and Joseph Mok report.
    Video

    Video Somali, African Union Forces Face Resurgent Al-Shabab

    The Islamic State terror group claimed its first attack in Somalia earlier this week, though the claim has not been verified by forces on the ground. Meanwhile, al-Shabab militants have stepped up their attacks as Somalia prepares for elections later this year. Henry Ridgwell reports there are growing frustrations among Somalia’s Western backers over the country’s slow progress in forming its own armed forces to establish security after 25 years of chaos.
    Video

    Video Bangladesh Targeted Killings Spark Wave of Fear

    People in Bangladesh’s capital are expressing deep concern over the brutal attacks that have killed secular blogger, and most recently a gay rights activist and an employee of the U.S. embassy. Xulhaz Mannan, an embassy protocol officer and the editor of the country’s only gay and transgender magazine Roopban; and his friend Mehboob Rabbi Tanoy, a gay rights activist, were hacked to death by five attackers in Mannan’s Dhaka home earlier this month.
    Video

    Video Documentary Tells Tale of Chernobyl Returnees

    Ukraine this week is marking the 30th anniversary of the world's worst nuclear accident, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Soviet officials at first said little about the accident, but later evacuated a 2,600-square-kilometer "exclusion zone." Some people, though, came back. American directors Holly Morris and Anne Bogart created a documentary about this faithful and brave community. VOA's Tetiana Kharchenko reports from New York on "The Babushkas of Chernobyl." Carol Pearson narrates.
    Video

    Video Nigerians Feel Bite of Buhari Economic Policy

    Despite the global drop in the price of oil, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has refused to allow the country's currency to devalue, leading to a shortage of foreign exchange. Chris Stein reports from Lagos businessmen and consumers are feeling the impact as the country deals with a severe fuel shortage.
    Video

    Video  Return to the Wild

    There’s a growing trend in the United States to let old or underused golf courses revert back to nature. But as Erika Celeste reports from one parcel in Grafton, Ohio, converting 39 hectares of land back to green space is a lot more complicated than just not mowing the fairway.
    Video

    Video West Urges Unity in Libya as Migrant Numbers Soar

    The Italian government says a NATO-led mission aimed at stemming the flow of migrants from Libya to Europe could be up and running by July. There are concerns that the number of migrants could soar as the route through Greece and the Balkans remains blocked. Western powers say the political chaos in Libya is being exploited by people smugglers — and they are pressuring rival groups to come together under the new unity government. VOA's Henry Ridgwell reports.
    Video

    Video Russia’s TV Rain Swims Against Tide in Sea of Kremlin Propaganda

    Russia’s media freedoms have been gradually eroded under President Vladimir Putin as his government has increased state ownership, influence, and restrictions on critical reporting. Television, where most Russians get their news, has been the main target and is now almost completely state controlled. But in the Russian capital, TV Rain stands out as an island in a sea of Kremlin propaganda.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora