News / Africa

Ivory Coast: Getting Out Alive

Refugees, who fled the post-election instability in Ivory Coast, wait to be registered at a camp in Liberia
Refugees, who fled the post-election instability in Ivory Coast, wait to be registered at a camp in Liberia

Multimedia

Audio
Joe DeCapua

The rising violence in Ivory Coast means more people are trying to get out of the country. It’s estimated the number of displaced within Ivory Coast and refugees in neighboring countries is between 300,000 and 400,000 people.

The International Office for Migration [IOM] is helping the displaced find safe haven. Spokesperson Jemini Pandya says, “There’s been very large-scale displacement within Abidjan since fighting really increased a few weeks ago. It’s extremely difficult to be able to go and assess the real scale of the displacement because the security conditions are too bad and also because of the targeting of humanitarian aid workers.”

But she adds, “One thing that our staff on the ground in Abidjan are saying is that the city is rapidly emptying, [with people] finding any way they can to get out and escape the violence. They’re leaving on public buses, vans, cars, taxis – anything they can find basically to reach their home villages.”

Conditions have also worsened for civilians in western Ivory Coast.

“IOM has now had to also evacuate its remaining staff… in the west, where there’s been significant internal displacement… because of the conflict,” says Pandya.

Asking for help

Mali, Burkina Faso, Liberia and Mauritania have all asked the IOM for help in evacuating their nationals from Ivory Coast.

“The requests from Mali, Liberia and Burkina Faso came actually at the start of the year, when the crisis already had reared its head. It had been going for some few weeks and they had put in a formal request then,” she says.

“We are also working with the neighboring governments [in] Guinea and Ghana, as well, to help in the reception and reintegration of those people who have already left Cote d’Ivoire and crossed their borders. But it doesn’t mean to say that IOM will not be also asked by these other countries to also help their nationals return home,” she says.

Most recently, the IOM has been evacuating hundreds of Mauritanians from Abidjan at the request of their government.

“The first IOM convoy… left last Friday and they reached Bamako in Mali on Sunday, despite many, many roadblocks and insecurity along the route. So, now we’re evacuating, hopefully, either today or tomorrow, another 470 Mauritanians. But we also are aware that there are at least 650 more Mauritanians, who are… registered with us to be returned home, who will also need evacuation assistance,” says Pandya.

Mali has now informed the IOM that 20,000 of its citizens, who are migrant workers in Abidjan, need help in leaving the city.

“Now among them,” she says, "is a priority group of about 100 women and children who arrived at the embassy over the weekend urgently asking for us to help them go home. And we’ve also been referred 800 Burkinabe migrants who need help to go back home.”

Pandya says this may only be the beginning of requests to help foreigners leave Ivory Coast. “We have to be able to respond to these requests as soon as possible,” she says.

All this costs money

Does IOM have the resources it needs to meet all the requests for evacuations? Pandya says, “The answer is definitely no. It requires an awful lot of financial resources as well to be able to carry out evacuations, whether it’s by land or by air. And we have had very minimal response to an initial appeal we put out in January. A very modest figure of three and a half million [dollars] is what we asked for then.”

IOM says it has received just over one million dollars so far, most of it from the U.S. government. A revised appeal is expected within a few days requesting a higher amount due to the worsening situation in Ivory Coast.

Across the border

In neighboring Liberia, it’s estimated there are between 70,000 and 90,000 Ivorian refugees. Tuesday, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, visited the country, including Nimba County, where most of the Ivoirians are located. UNHCR has set up several camps for them.

Oxfam is one of many aid agencies in Liberia. Spokesman Olivier Germain says it’s focusing on providing clean water and sanitation. A week ago, it brought in enough emergency supplies for about 70,000 people.

Those supplies are being transported to the bordering counties with Ivory Coast to be able to respond to the need and provide basic water and sanitation services to the refugees in the camps and the centers being set up there.

Oxfam, like the IOM, is appealing to donors to contribute more money to deal with the crisis.

Germain says, “We’re also encouraging UNHCR and other partners to provide necessary transport to move the refugees… along the border and… those who want to move further inland to a safer location, where the humanitarian agencies can provide more sustainable services in terms of shelter, water, sanitation and food.”

You May Like

South Korea Divided on Response to North’s Cyber Attack

In past five years, officials in Seoul have accused Pyongyang of hacking into banks, government websites, causing chaos and inflicting millions of dollars in damages More

Video Calm Amid Fear in Daily Life in S. Sudan’s Bentiu

Residents have been trying to regain some sense of normalcy, but planning for the future remains uncertain as fear of attacks looms More

2015 Could Be Watershed for Syria Conflict

Republican control of US Senate in January could lead to more aggressive policy against IS militants in Syria - and against regime of Bashar al-Assad More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Ugandan Doctors Aid Victims of Sudan's Civil Wari
X
Adam Bailes
December 22, 2014 3:45 PM
In Sudan's state of South Kordofan, the number of amputees as result of civil war is in the thousands, but few have access to sufficient medical help. Adam Bailes recently visited the area and says a small team of Ugandan doctors has been providing remote help, producing new prosthetic limbs for those in need.
Video

Video Ugandan Doctors Aid Victims of Sudan's Civil War

In Sudan's state of South Kordofan, the number of amputees as result of civil war is in the thousands, but few have access to sufficient medical help. Adam Bailes recently visited the area and says a small team of Ugandan doctors has been providing remote help, producing new prosthetic limbs for those in need.
Video

Video Jane Monheit Christmas Special

Chanteuse Jane Monheit sings the holiday classic “Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas,” and explains why it’s her favorite song of the season.
Video

Video Calm Amid Fear in Daily Life in S. Sudan’s Town of Bentiu

Six months ago, Bentiu was a ghost town. The capital of northern Unity State, near South Sudan’s important oil fields, had changed hands several times in fighting between government forces and rebels. Calm returned in November and since then, residents of Bentiu have been trying to regain some sense of normalcy. Bentiu’s market has reopened there are plans to start school again. But fears of new attacks hang heavy, as Benno Muchler reports from Bentiu.
Video

Video US Business Groups Press for Greater Access to Cuba

President Barack Obama's decision to do all he can to ease restrictions on U.S. trade, travel and financial activities with Cuba has drawn criticism from some conservatives and Republicans. People who bring tourists to the island and farmers who want to sell more food to Cuba, however, think they can do a lot more business with Cuba. VOA's Jim Randle reports.
Video

Video Three Cities Bid for Future Obama Presidential Library

President Barack Obama still has two years left in his term in office, but the effort to establish his post-presidential library is already underway. The bid for the Obama Presidential Library is down to four locations in three states -- New York, Hawaii, and Illinois. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, each of them played an important part in the president’s life before he reached the White House.
Video

Video Fears of More Political Gridlock in 2015

2014 proved to be a difficult year politically for President Barack Obama and a very good year for the U.S. Republican Party. Republican gains in the November midterm elections gave them control of the Senate and House of Representatives for the next two years -- setting the stage for more confrontation and gridlock in the final two years of the Obama presidency. VOA National Correspondent Jim Malone has a preview from Washington.
Video

Video Sudan School Becomes Target of Aerial Attacks

The school dropout rate is at an all-time high in Sudan's South Kordofan state because many schools have been destroyed during the three-year civil war between the government and SPLA-N rebel forces. Adam Bailes visited Sudan's Nuba Mountains' region and reports many children are simply too scared to go to school
Video

Video VOA Reporter Tours Devastated Peshawar School

Islamist militants wearing military uniforms and strapped with explosives attacked a military run school Tuesday in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar. At least 141 people were killed in the horrific attack, most of them young students. VOA reporter Ayaz Gul visited the devastated school and attended the funeral of the principal who courageously tried to save her students from the deadly attack.

All About America

AppleAndroid