News / Africa

WikiLeaks: US Ambassador Condemned Evictions of Botswanan Bushmen

Multimedia

Audio
Joe DeCapua

A human rights group says WikiLeaks has released information showing the U.S. ambassador to Botswana condemned the eviction of Bushmen from the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.

Survival International says in 2005, Ambassador Joseph Huggins sent cables to Washington sharply criticizing the Botswanan government, calling the evictions a “special tragedy…that could have been avoided.”

Botswana Central Kalahari Bushman
Botswana Central Kalahari Bushman

The Bushmen won a 2006 court case allowing them to return to the reserve.  But since then they’ve been in a battle with the government, which has denied them use of a drinking well there.

Survival International Field and Research Director Fiona Watson says, “I think Survival thought it was highly likely there would be something in WikiLeaks about Botswana because the issue of the forced eviction of the Central Kalahari Bushmen…has been the…number one international issue facing the Botswana government.”

She says the cables reveal that other foreign diplomats were also concerned about the plight of the Bushmen, as well.

“What has come out from the U.S. ambassador’s cable back to Washington is incredibly revealing and extremely condemning of the Botswana government treatment of the Bushmen,” she says.

Huggins highly critical

Watson says Ambassador Huggins’ cables show he was very interested in the Bushmen and met with them and visited relocation camps.

“For example,” she says, “the U.S. ambassador at the time, Joseph Huggins, says that they were ‘dumped in economically absolutely unviable situations without forethought and without follow-up support.  The lack of imagination on behalf of the Botswana government is breathtaking.’”

Huggins goes on to say, “The special tragedy of New Xade’s [relocation camp] dependent population is that it could have been avoided.”

What now?

Watson says the cables support Survival International’s position in the Bushmen’s case.

“Survival has been vilified by the Botswana government,” she says, “I think what this does is [offer] yet another proof or evidence that so many people reached the same conclusion independent of Survival, as in the case of the U.S. ambassador, that the Botswana government’s policies towards the Bushmen is shameful.”

Watson says the cables also indicate that NGOs suspected the real reason behind the eviction was not to benefit the Bushmen, as the government says, but to allow mining in the reserve.

“It’s very interesting that the appeals court has just been hearing the Kalahari Bushmen’s appeal to be able to access water on their own land.  And the day after the appeal was heard in court the Botswana government has given a $3 billion concession to Gem Diamonds to mine inside the Central Kalahari in the Bushmen community,” she says.

Face to face

Watson says the WikiLeaks cables indicate Ambassador Huggins met with Ernest Mpofu, who was then Botswana’s permanent secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

She adds that Huggins cable said that any attempt to talk about negotiating with the Bushmen was “met with thinly veiled scorn.”

A decision by Botswana’s appeals court on whether the Bushmen can have access to the well on their ancestral lands is expected later this month.

The Botswanan government says the Bushmen were relocated so they could have better access to education, health and other services.

You May Like

WHO: Anti-Ebola Efforts Should Focus on West Africa

Official says WHO is 'reasonably confident' countries bordering those hardest hit by the Ebola outbreak are not seeing the virus crossing their borders More

South Sudan Crisis Threatens Development

Economic costs and lost development opportunities in South Sudan have erased what little progress the country has made since independence in 2011 More

Ukrainian PM Warns: Russia May Try to Disrupt Sunday Poll

Arseniy Yatsenyuk orders full security mobilization for parliamentary election to prevent ‘terrorist acts’ from being carried out More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
After Decades of Pressure, Luxembourg Drops Bank Secrecy Rulesi
X
October 21, 2014 12:20 AM
European Union finance ministers have reached a breakthrough agreement that will make it more difficult for tax cheats to hide their money. The new legislation, which had been blocked for years by countries with a reputation as tax havens, was approved last week after Luxembourg and Austria agreed to lift their vetoes. But as Mil Arcega reports, it doesn’t mean tax cheats have run out of places to keep their money hidden.
Video

Video After Decades of Pressure, Luxembourg Drops Bank Secrecy Rules

European Union finance ministers have reached a breakthrough agreement that will make it more difficult for tax cheats to hide their money. The new legislation, which had been blocked for years by countries with a reputation as tax havens, was approved last week after Luxembourg and Austria agreed to lift their vetoes. But as Mil Arcega reports, it doesn’t mean tax cheats have run out of places to keep their money hidden.
Video

Video Kobani Refugees Welcome, Turkey Criticizes, US Airdrop

Residents of Kobani in northern Syria have welcomed the airdrop of weapons, ammunition and medicine to Kurdish militia who are resisting the seizure of their city by Islamic State militants. The Turkish government, however, has criticized the operation. VOA’s Scott Bobb reports from southeastern Turkey, across the border from Kobani.
Video

Video China Political Meeting Seeks to Improve Rule of Law

China’s communist leaders will host a top level political meeting this week, called the Fourth Plenum, and for the first time in the party’s history, rule of law will be a key item on the agenda. Analysts and Chinese media reports say the meetings could see the approval of long-awaited measures aimed at giving courts more independence and include steps to enhance an already aggressive and high-reaching anti-corruption drive. VOA’s Bill Ide has more from Beijing.
Video

Video US ‘Death Cafes’ Put Focus on the Finale

In contemporary America, death usually is a topic to be avoided. But the growing “death café” movement encourages people to discuss their fears and desires about their final moments. VOA’s Jerome Socolovsky reports.
Video

Video Ebola Orphanage Opens in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone's first Ebola orphanage has opened in the Kailahun district. Hundreds of children orphaned since the beginning of the Ebola outbreak face stigma and rejection with nobody to care for them. Adam Bailes reports for VOA about a new interim care center that's aimed at helping the growing number of children affected by Ebola.
Video

Video Young Nairobi Tech Innovator on 'Track' in Security Business

A 24-year-old technology innovator in Nairobi has invented a tracking device that monitors and secures cars. He has also come up with what he claims is the most robust audio-visual surveillance system yet. As Lenny Ruvaga reports from the Kenyan capital, his innovations are offering alternative security solutions.
Video

Video Latinas Converting to Islam for Identity, Structure

Latinos are one of the fastest growing groups in the Muslim religion. According to the Pew Research Center, about 6 percent of American Muslims are Latino. And a little more than half of new converts are female. VOA’s Carolyn Presutti travelled to Miami, Florida -- where two out of every three residents is Hispanic -- to learn more.
Video

Video Exclusive: American Joins Kurds' Anti-IS Fight

The United States and other Western nations have expressed alarm about their citizens joining Islamic State forces in Syria and Iraq. In a rare counterpoint to the phenomenon, an American has taken up arms with the militants' Syrian Kurdish opponents. Elizabeth Arrott has more in this exclusive profile by VOA Kurdish reporter Zana Omer in Ras al Ayn, Syria.
Video

Video South Korea Confronts Violence Within Military Ranks

Every able-bodied South Korean male between 18 and 35 must serve for 21 to 36 months in the country’s armed forces, depending upon the specific branch. For many, service is a rite of passage to manhood. But there are growing concerns that bullying and violence come along with the tradition. Reporter Jason Strother has more from Seoul.
Video

Video North Carolina Emerges as Key Election Battleground

U.S. congressional midterm elections will be held on November 4th and most political analysts give Republicans an excellent chance to win a majority in the U.S. Senate, which Democrats now control. So what are the issues driving voters in this congressional election year? VOA National Correspondent Jim Malone traveled to North Carolina, one of the most politically competitive states in the country, to find out.
Video

Video Comanche People Maintain Pride in Their Heritage

The Comanche (Indian nation) once were called the “Lords of the Plains,” with an empire that included half the land area of current day Texas, large parts of Oklahoma, New Mexico, Kansas and Colorado.The fierceness and battle prowess of these warriors on horseback delayed the settlement of most of West Texas for four decades. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports from Lawton, Oklahoma, that while their warrior days are over, the 15,000 members of the Comanche Nation remain a proud people.
Video

Video Turkey Campus Attacks Raise Islamic Radicalization Fears

Concerns are growing in Turkey of Islamic radicalization at some universities, after clashes between supporters of the jihadist group Islamic State (IS) or ISIS, and those opposed to the extremists. Pro-jihadist literature is on sale openly on the streets of Istanbul. Critics accuse the government of turning a blind eye to radicalism at home, while Kurds accuse the president of supporting IS - a charge strongly denied. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.

All About America

AppleAndroid