Egyptians elected Mohamed Morsi president in June 2012, making the longtime Muslim Brotherhood member the first civilian and Islamist to take the post. Egypt's economy worsened during Morsi's first year in office. Protests erupted when he granted himself sweeping powers, leading to the military removing him from power. He has been under house arrest since July 3, 2013.
General Abdel Fattah el-Sissi
General Sissi was appointed army chief and defense minister by then-president Mohamed Morsi. Less than one year later, Sissi announced that Morsi had been removed from power and issued a plan for Egypt to draft a new constitution and elect a new parliament and president.
Egypt's oldest and largest Islamist organization was banned under Hosni Mubarak. The Brotherhood's Mohamed Morsi was elected president in 2012 and the group won the most seats in 2012 parliamentary elections. Its supporters have staged massive pro-Morsi demonstrations since his ouster. Egypt's security forces are cracking down on the group and have arrested several of its leaders, including spiritual guide Mohamed Badie.
Adly Mansour, Supreme Constitutional Court
Adly Mansour was sworn in as Egypt's interim president on July 4, 2013 after the military ousted Mohamed Morsi. Adly had become the head of the country' Supreme Constitutional Court just three days earlier. The court had disagreed with President Morsi's attempts to grant himself new powers during his year in office.
Former U.N. nuclear agency chief Mohamed ElBaradei was named Egypt's interim vice president with backing from the National Salvation Front, an alliance of the country's liberal and left-wing parties and youth groups. He stepped down to protest the deadly removal of pro-Morsi protesters from camps in Cairo.
Tamarod means rebellion in Arabic. It was a key force behind protests that led to the ouster of then-president Mohamed Morsi and used social media to gain support. It is part of a coalition that opposes the rule and influence of the Muslim Brotherhood. Tamarod said it collected the signatures of millions of Egyptians who lost confidence in Morsi in the weeks leading up to his ouster.