News / Asia

Finance Ministers, Bank Governors Meet to Avert Currency War

South Korean police officers patrol at the Gimpo Airport in Seoul, South Korea.  South Korean police will go on high alert and mobilize a record 50,000 officers to thwart possible threats from North Korea. international terrorists and anti-globalization d
South Korean police officers patrol at the Gimpo Airport in Seoul, South Korea. South Korean police will go on high alert and mobilize a record 50,000 officers to thwart possible threats from North Korea. international terrorists and anti-globalization d

Finance ministers and central bank governors from the 20 largest economies are gathering in South Korea as concerns grow about the possibility of a currency war.

Starting Friday, the economic policy makers of the top 20 economies will spend two days trying to reach agreements on the global financial system.

High stakes

Economics Professor Joshua Aizenman at the University of California-Santa Cruz says the meeting comes at a critical juncture.

"The stakes are too high to ignore the downside risk of a resumption of either more aggressive currency wars or maybe some steps that may lead then to retaliation and the beginning of trade wars," Aizenman said.

The world's three-largest economies - the United States, China and Japan - are entwined in terms of trade and investment.  But economists say the relationship is out of balance.  In part, the reason is that China's currency is significantly undervalued.  That gives Chinese exporters, their competitors say, an unfair advantage.

To protect their own export industries, Brazil, Japan and Thailand have taken steps to slow the appreciation of their currencies.  A number of other countries, including India and South Korea, are considering similar moves.

Is China to blame?

A U.S. Treasury Department senior official, without naming China, contends a large economy keeping its currency from rising "compels other countries to do the same" sparking what he terms "competitive non-appreciation."

China says America's economic problems are caused by Washington's policies and not the Chinese currency.

Professor Aizenman, the vice president of the Asia-Pacific Economic Association, says that in a globalized economy there is no way each of the G20 participants can push its own agenda without cooperation.

"So the key will be to find the proper compromise of each party without sacrificing the main agenda of each party," he noted, "but recognizing that trying to push a narrow agenda too aggressively will penalize everybody."

Compromise essential

Research fellow Kwak Soojong at the Samsung Economic Research Institute in Seoul says both Washington and Beijing appear ready for compromise.  He notes China's surprise interest rate hike this week as one sign of flexibility.

"Therefore I believe there is no reason that these two big countries do not agree upon the serious matters that the rest of the 18 member countries are looking upon," Kwak said. "I am kind of a positive man and I wish those two big countries will agree upon the currency issues."

The meetings here are a prelude to the G20 leaders' summit in Seoul next month.


Steve Herman

A veteran journalist, Steven L Herman is the Voice of America Asia correspondent.

You May Like

Multimedia Obama, Modi Break Nuclear Deal Deadlock

Impasse over liability issues had been stalling bilateral civilian nuclear cooperation; deal reached at start of US president's three-day visit to India More

WHO's Late Efforts in Tackling Ebola Highlight Need for Reform

Health experts debate measures to reform agency’s response to global public health emergencies in special one-day session on deadly outbreak More

One Tumultuous Year in Power for CAR's President

As sectarian violence raged across Central African Republic, interim President Catherine Samba-Panza has Herculean task: to end civil war and put country back on right track More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Worldwide Photo Workshops Empower Youthi
X
Julie Taboh
January 23, 2015 11:08 PM
Last September, 20 young adults from South Sudan took part in a National Geographic Photo Camp. They are among hundreds of students from around the world who have learned how to use a camera to tell the stories of the people in their communities through the powerful medium of photography. Three camp participants talked about their experiences recently on a visit to Washington. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
Video

Video Worldwide Photo Workshops Empower Youth

Last September, 20 young adults from South Sudan took part in a National Geographic Photo Camp. They are among hundreds of students from around the world who have learned how to use a camera to tell the stories of the people in their communities through the powerful medium of photography. Three camp participants talked about their experiences recently on a visit to Washington. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
Video

Video US, Japan Offer Lessons as Eurozone Launches Huge Stimulus

The Euro currency has fallen sharply after the European Central Bank announced a bigger-than-expected $67 billion-a-month quantitative easing program Thursday - commonly seen as a form of printing new money. Henry Ridgwell reports for VOA from London on whether the move might rescue the eurozone economy -- and what lessons have been learned from similar programs around the world.
Video

Video Nigerian Elections Pose Concern of Potential Conflict in 'Middle Belt'

Nigeria’s north-central state of Kaduna has long been the site of fighting between Muslims and Christians as well as between people of different ethnic groups. As the February elections approach, community and religious leaders are making plans they hope will keep the streets calm after results are announced. Chris Stein reports from the state capital, Kaduna.
Video

Video As Viewership Drops, Obama Puts His Message on YouTube

Ratings reports show President Obama’s State of the Union address this week drew the lowest number of viewers for this annual speech in 15 years. White House officials anticipated this, and the president has decided to take a non-traditional approach to getting his message out. VOA White House correspondent Luis Ramirez reports.
Video

Video S. Korean Businesses Want to End Trade Restrictions With North

Business leaders in South Korea are calling for President Park Geun-hye to ease trade restrictions with North Korea that were put in place in 2010 after the sinking of a South Korean warship.Pro-business groups argue that expanding trade and investment is not only good for business, it is also good for long-term regional peace and security. VOA’s Brian Padden reports.
Video

Video US Marching Bands Grow Into a Show of Their Own

The 2014 Super Bowl halftime show was the most-watched in history - attracting an estimated 115 million viewers. That event featured pop star Bruno Mars. But the halftime show tradition started with marching bands, which still dominate the entertainment at U.S. high school and college American football games. But as Enming Liu reports in this story narrated by Adrianna Zhang, marching bands have grown into a show of their own.
Video

Video Secular, Religious Kurds Face Off in Southeast Turkey

Turkey’s predominantly Kurdish southeast has been rocked by violence between religious and secular Kurds. Dorian Jones reports on the reasons behind the stand-off from the region's main city of Diyarbakir, which suffered the bloodiest fighting.
Video

Video Kenya: Misuse of Antibiotics Leading to Resistance by Immune System

In Kenya, the rise of drug resistant bacteria could reverse the gains made by medical science over diseases that were once treatable. Kenyans could be at risk of fatalities as a result if the power in antibiotics is not preserved. Lenny Ruvaga has more on the story from Nairobi.
Video

Video Solar-Powered Plane Getting Ready to Circumnavigate Globe

Pilots of the solar plane that already set records flying without a drop of fuel are close to making their first attempt to fly the craft around the globe. They plan to do it in 25 flying days over a five month period. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video How Experts Decide Ethiopia Has the Best Coffee

Ethiopia’s coffee has been ranked as the best in the world by an international group of coffee connoisseurs. Not surprisingly, coffee is a top export for the country. But at home it is a source of pride. Marthe van der Wolf in Addis Ababa decided to find out what makes the bean and brew so special and how experts make their determinations.
Video

Video Yazidi Refugees at Center of Political Fight Between Turkey, Kurds

The treatment of thousands of Yazidis refugees who fled to Turkey to escape attacks by Islamic State militants has become the center of a dispute between the Turkish government and the country's pro-Kurdish movement. VOA's Dorian Jones reports.
Video

Video World’s Richest 1% Forecast to Own More Than Half of Global Wealth

The combined wealth of the world's richest 1 percent will overtake that of the remaining 99 percent at some point in 2016, according to the anti-poverty charity Oxfam. Campaigners are demanding that policymakers take action to address the widening gap between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’, as Henry Ridgwell reports for VOA from London.

Circumventing Censorship

An Internet Primer for Healthy Web Habits

As surveillance and censoring technologies advance, so, too, do new tools for your computer or mobile device that help protect your privacy and break through Internet censorship.
More

All About America

AppleAndroid