LONDON — As French troops deploy alongside African counterparts to try to quell the religious violence in the Central African Republic, military analysts say a new strategic order is emerging in Europe. France is taking the lead in intervening in foreign conflicts, particularly in Africa - and British military chiefs have expressed fears that Britain has lost its nerve.
A unit of French troops code-named the ’Sangaris’ patrol Bangui, capital of the Central African Republic.
France sent 1,600 troops to the country last month to quell religious violence between Muslims and Christians.
Earlier last year, Paris sent 4,000 soldiers to Mali, after Islamist forces took over much of the north of the country.
France’s willingness to intervene in African conflicts is in its self-interest, says David Cadier of the London School of Economics’ IDEAS policy institute.
“We do not want an Afghanistan in Africa. This is why sometimes, in French strategic circles, the expression ‘Sahelistan’ has been used. If you have no government, you have no security guarantees that you will not let terrorist groups install bases, training camps in Africa, in central Africa, in northern Africa - in other words, at the gates of Europe and of France in particular," said Cadier.
France’s increasingly assertive role in global security contrasts with ally and neighbor Britain.
Last August, Britain shocked its allies after parliament voted against taking part in any military strikes on Syria, following claims that President Bashar al- Assad had used chemical weapons against civilians.
In a speech last month, the British Chief of Defense Staff General Sir Nicholas Houghton said his country had become skeptical about projecting force around the world.
“I have recently observed with some admiration the relative ability of French forces to operate with the mindset of aggressive risk management. We must be careful as a society and as a professional military not to lose our courageous instinct since it is one of the things which keeps us in a class-apart," said Houghton.
Britain was the United States’ main ally in the 2003 invasion of Iraq - a war that was deeply unpopular at home.
At the end of this year British troops will complete their withdrawal from Afghanistan after 13 years of fighting and nearly 450 fatalities. Polls show the public remains skeptical of what has been achieved - with British commanders warning the Taliban are poised to regain territory after NATO troops leave.
Those conflicts, together with military spending cuts, have left Britain fatigued by foreign intervention, says David Cadier.
“What is happening is a growing reluctance in terms of accepting risk and casualties. And France is somehow frustrated by the lack of strategic support on the part of other Europeans," he said.
In a speech last September, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said France would adapt to changing strategic challenges.
"France will remain a global player, and provided that it manages to regain its economic margin and competitiveness, it will remain a 'power of influence.' "France is a powerful state. "It has an undisputed international status, and the resources to meet the challenges of the new world," said Fabius.
But one month into France’s deployment in the Central African Republic, polls show support among the French public is falling fast, down from 51 percent in December to 41 percent this week.