News / Middle East

Morsi's First Year Leaves Egypt Divided

FILE - Egypt's Islamist President-elect Mohamed Mursi looks at the crowd awaiting his speech in Cairo's Tahrir Square, June 29, 2012.
FILE - Egypt's Islamist President-elect Mohamed Mursi looks at the crowd awaiting his speech in Cairo's Tahrir Square, June 29, 2012.
Elizabeth Arrott
It has been a difficult first year for Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, whose opponents call for it to be his last. 

Morsi took the stage in Cairo's Tahrir Square last June as a jubilant crowd celebrated the nation's first freely elected leader.  Now crowds on Tahrir, the heart of Egypt's revolution two years ago, are calling for him to step down.

Anti-government protesters burn a post of President Morsi in Tahrir Square, Cairo, June 26, 2013.Anti-government protesters burn a post of President Morsi in Tahrir Square, Cairo, June 26, 2013.
Anti-government protesters burn a post of President Morsi in Tahrir Square, Cairo, June 26, 2013.
Anti-government protesters burn a post of President Morsi in Tahrir Square, Cairo, June 26, 2013.
Opponents charge he failed to create an inclusive government and presided over a catastrophic weakening of the state.

Morsi summed up his first year in power by admitting to some mistakes. 

But he devoted much of a speech this week reviewing his tenure to pointing out what a mess he inherited.

His supporters agree, pointing to the stagnation and corruption of nearly 30 years under deposed President Hosni Mubarak.  And they're keen to remind others of perhaps his biggest accomplishment.

"We already passed a very hard period," said Mohamed Soudan, the foreign secretary of the Freedom and Justice Party, the Muslim Brotherhood's political wing from which Morsi hailed. "We already have a civilian country.  We don't have a military country anymore in Egypt and this is a very good point to Dr. Morsi. He made it in 40 days."

Morsi's sidelining of Egypt's powerful generals last year was hailed by many at the time. But one year later, some of those same people welcomed the military's recent announcement it could intervene if the situation spirals out of control.

Critic and publisher Hisham Kassem puts the blame for the turnabout squarely on Morsi.

"From day three, day four in his government, he has done nothing to improve the situation, only make it worse," he said. "He had a chance for things to pick up, for consensual politics. Instead, he went completely the other way.”

Kassem says Egyptians voted for him to address such issues as poverty and social injustice. Instead, he contends, they got a president trying to revive an Islamist state.

The political divide between Islamists and secular-minded Egyptians is not the biggest challenge facing Morsi, adds Kassem.

"It's an economic crisis that will push Morsi out of power. It's coming up and it has nothing to do with the peaceful demonstrations on the 30," he said. "He should look out for the bread shortage that is going to happen soon, or a shortage in power."

It's already bad, he says, and will only get worse.

Morsi's supporters counsel patience, pointing to new electricity projects underway and other capital investments. But more than anything, they stress he was legitimately elected and ask for the democratic process be given a chance.

Mohamed Soudan of the Freedom and Justice Party says whoever became the country's first post-revolution president faced enormous challenges.

“Mr. Morsi has had a very, very hard year," he said. "It is not easy for anyone.  I believe if he knew what is waiting for him, he [would] never, ever go to this election.”

A sentiment his opponents wish he might have acted on.

You May Like

HRW: Egypt's Trial of Morsi ‘Badly Flawed’

Human Rights Watch says former Egypt leader's detention without charge for more than three weeks after his removal from office violated Egyptian law; government rejects criticism More

Photogallery Lancet Report Calls for Major Investment in Surgery

In its report published by The Lancet, panel of experts says people are dying from conditions easily treated in the operating room such as hernia, appendicitis, obstructed labor, and serious fractures More

Music Industry Under Sway of Digital Revolution

Millions of people in every corner of the Earth now can enjoy a vast variety and quantity of music in a way that has never before been possible More

This forum has been closed.
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Study: Insecticide Damaging Wild Bee Populationsi
April 24, 2015 10:13 PM
A popular but controversial type of insecticide is damaging important wild bee populations, according to a new study. VOA’s Steve Baragona has more.

Video Study: Insecticide Damaging Wild Bee Populations

A popular but controversial type of insecticide is damaging important wild bee populations, according to a new study. VOA’s Steve Baragona has more.

Video Data Servers Could Heat Private Homes

As every computer owner knows, when their machines run a complex program they get pretty hot. In fact, cooling the processors can be expensive, especially when you're dealing with huge banks of computer servers. But what if that energy could heat private homes? VOA’s George Putic reports that a Dutch energy firm aims to do just that.

Video Cinema That Crosses Borders Showcased at Tribeca Film Festival

Among the nearly 100 feature length films being shown at this year’s Tribeca Film Festival in New York City are more than 20 documentaries and features with international appeal, from a film about a Congolese businessman in China, to documentaries shot in Pakistan and diaspora communities in the U.S., to a poetic look at disaffected South African youth. VOA’s Carolyn Weaver has more.

Video UN Confronts Threat of Young Radicals

The radicalization and recruitment of young people into Islamist extremist groups has become a growing challenge for governments worldwide. On Thursday, the U.N. Security Council heard from experts on the issue, which has become a potent threat to international peace and security. VOA’s Margaret Besheer reports.

Video Growing Numbers of Turks Discover Armenian Ancestry

In a climate of improved tolerance, growing numbers of people in Turkey are discovering their grandmothers were Armenian. Hundreds of thousands of Armenians escaped the mass deportations and slaughter of the early 1900's by forced conversion to Islam. Or, Armenian children were taken in by Turkish families and assimilated. Now their stories are increasingly being heard. Dorian Jones reports from Istanbul that the revelations are viewed as an important step.

Video Migrants Trek Through Western Balkans to Reach EU

Migrants from Africa and other places are finding different routes into the European Union in search of a better life. The Associated Press followed one clandestine group to document their trek through the western Balkans to Hungary. Zlatica Hoke reports that the migrants started using that route about four years ago. Since then, it has become the second-most popular path into Western Europe, after the option of sailing from North Africa to Italy.

Video TIME Magazine Honors Activists, Pioneers Seen as Influential

TIME Magazine has released its list of celebrities, leaders and activists, whom it deems the world’s “most influential” in 2015. VOA's Ramon Taylor reports from New York.

Video US Businesses See Cuba as New Frontier

The Obama administration's opening toward Cuba is giving U.S. companies hope they'll be able to do business in Cuba despite the continuation of the U.S. economic embargo against the communist nation. Some American companies have been able to export some products to Cuba, but the recent lifting of Cuba's terrorism designation could relax other restrictions. As VOA's Daniela Schrier reports, corporate heavy hitters are lining up to head across the Florida Straits - though experts urge caution.

Video Kenya Launches Police Recruitment Drive After Terror Attacks

Kenya launched a major police recruitment drive this week as part of a large-scale effort to boost security following a recent spate of terror attacks. VOA’s Gabe Joselow reports that allegations of corruption in the process are raising old concerns about the integrity of Kenya’s security forces.

Video Japan, China in Race for Asia High-Speed Rail Projects

A lucrative competition is underway in Asia for billions of dollars in high-speed rail projects. Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia Thailand and Vietnam are among the countries planning to move onto the fast track. They are negotiating with Japan and the upstart Chinese who are locked in a duel to revolutionize transportation across Asia. VOA Correspondent Steve Herman in Bangkok has details.

Video Scientists: Mosquitoes Attracted By Our Genes

Some people always seem to get bitten by mosquitoes more than others. Now, scientists have proved that is really the case - and they say it’s all because of genes. It’s hoped the research might lead to new preventative treatments for diseases like malaria, as Henry Ridgwell reports from London.

Video Bible Museum Coming to Washington DC

Washington is the center of American political power and also home to some of the nation’s most visited museums. A new one that will showcase the Bible has skeptics questioning the motives of its conservative Christian funders. VOA religion correspondent Jerome Socolovsky reports.

Video Armenia and Politics of Word 'Genocide'

A century ago this April, hundreds of thousands of Armenians of the Turkish Ottoman empire were deported and massacred, and their culture erased from their traditional lands. While broadly accepted by the U.N. and at least 20 countries as “genocide”, the United States and Turkey have resisted using that word to describe the atrocities that stretched from 1915 to 1923. But Armenians have never forgotten.

Video Afghan First Lady Pledges No Roll Back on Women's Rights

Afghan First Lady Rula Ghani, named one of Time's 100 Most Influential, says women should take part in talks with Taliban. VOA's Rokhsar Azamee has more from Kabul.

Video New Brain Mapping Techniques Could Ease Chronic Pain

From Boulder, Colorado, Shelley Schlender reports that new methods for mapping pain in the brain are providing validation for chronic pain and might someday guide better treatment.

VOA Blogs