News / Health

Non-Communicable Diseases Leading Cause Of Death

Non-Communicable Diseases Leading Cause Of Death
Non-Communicable Diseases Leading Cause Of Death

The World Health Organization reports about 35 million people die every year from non-communicable diseases, which have become the leading cause of death.

Non-communicable diseases were once thought to be diseases of the affluent in Western industrialized countries. No longer. The World Health Organization reports 80 percent of deaths due to the four major non-communicable diseases occur in low and middle-income countries.

WHO Assistant Director-General for Non-communicable Diseases and Mental Health, Ala Alwan, says the major risk factors are tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol.

"There is evidence now that the level of these risk factors are becoming higher in low income populations," Alwan says, "So, you have a higher proportion of people who smoke in low-income populations compared to populations with a high income and in many countries, the level of overweight and obesity is higher in the low social-economic classes."   

The agency reports three factors are mainly behind the growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases. These include the aging of the population, the mass movement toward urbanization, and globalization, particularly in trade and marketing. The World Health Organization says modernization has brought with it many unhealthy life styles.  

Dr. Alwan warns countries must address the risk factors, otherwise these diseases will overwhelm health-care systems, particularly in developing countries.  He says health problems resulting from non-communicable diseases will have a negative impact on the social-economic development of all countries.

"We now have evidence that non-communicable diseases contribute to poverty.  And, poverty also contributes to non-communicable diseases.  And so, with premature deaths, with ill health that they cause, with the disability that they cause, they reduce productivity and they reduce, of course, household income," Alwan states, "At the same time, many of these diseases are expensive to treat.  So, health care can be demanding and expensive"  

The World Health Organization predicts deaths from non-communicable diseases are expected to increase by around 25 percent in Africa by 2020.  In Europe, the World Health Organization says they account for more than eight-million deaths.  That is more than 80 percent of all deaths in the region, including 1.5-million people who died under the age of 60.

You May Like

Philippines, Muslim Rebels Try to Salvage Peace Pact

Peace process faces major setback after botched military operation to find terrorists results in bloody gunbattle between government forces, Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters More

Republicans Expect Long, Expensive Presidential Battle

Political strategist says eventual winner will be one who can put together strongest coalition of various conservative groups that make up Republican Party More

Video New Wheelchair Is Easier to Use, Increases Mobility

Engineers have come up with a lever-operated design that makes use of easily accessible bicycle technology More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Islamic State Prisoners Talk of Curiosity, God, Regreti
X
Zana Omer
March 28, 2015 1:19 AM
The Islamic State fighter, a prisoner of Kurdish YPG forces, asked his family asking for forgiveness: "I destroyed myself and I destroyed them along with me." The Syrian youth was one of two detainees who spoke to VOA’s Kurdish Service about the path they chose; their names have been changed and identifying details obscured. VOA's Zana Omer reports.
Video

Video Islamic State Prisoners Talk of Curiosity, God, Regret

The Islamic State fighter, a prisoner of Kurdish YPG forces, asked his family asking for forgiveness: "I destroyed myself and I destroyed them along with me." The Syrian youth was one of two detainees who spoke to VOA’s Kurdish Service about the path they chose; their names have been changed and identifying details obscured. VOA's Zana Omer reports.
Video

Video Germanwings Findings Raise Issue of Psychological Testing for Pilots

More is being discovered about the co-pilot in the crash of Germanwings Flight 9525 in the French Alps. Investigators say he was hiding a medical condition, raising questions about the mental qualifications of pilots. VOA's Carolyn Presutti reports.
Video

Video Hi-tech Motorbike Helmet's Goal: Improve Road Safety

In cities with heavily congested traffic, people can get around much faster on a motorcycle than in a car. But a rider who is not sure of his route may have to stop to look at the map or consult a GPS. A Russian start-up company is working to make navigation easier for motorcyclists. Designers at Moscow-based LiveMap are developing a smart helmet with a built-in navigation system, head-mounted display and voice recognition. Zlatica Hoke has more.
Video

Video New Wheelchair Is Easier to Use, Increases Mobility

Traditional push-rim wheelchairs create a lot of stress for arm, shoulder and neck muscles and joints. A redesigned chair, based on readily available bicycle technology, radically increases mobility while reducing the physical effort. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video Liberia's Almost Last Ebola Patient Grateful but Still Grieving

Beatrice Yardolo was to make history as Liberia’s last Ebola patient. Liberians recently started counting down 42 days, the period that has to go by without a single new infection until the World Health Organization can declare a country Ebola-free. That countdown stopped on March 20 when there was another new case of Ebola, making Yardolo’s story a reminder that Ebola is far from over. Benno Muchler reports from Monrovia.
Video

Video Cambodian Land Grabs Threaten Traditional Communities

Indigenous communities in Cambodia's Ratanakiri province say the government’s economic land concession policy is taking away their land and traditional way of life, making many fear that their identity will soon be lost. Local authorities, though, have denied this is the case. VOA's Say Mony went to investigate and filed this report, narrated by Colin Lovett.
Video

Video Virginia Tavern Takes Patrons Back to Medieval Times

European martial arts are not widely practiced and are unknown by most people. A tavern in Old Town Alexandria, outside Washington, wants to change this by promoting these fighting techniques from medieval times. Through combining visual arts, martial arts and culinary arts, this tavern brings medieval history back to life. VOA's Yang Lin and Helen Wu report.
Video

Video Space Program Status Disappoints 'Last Man on the Moon'

One of the films that drew big crowds last week at the annual South by Southwest festival in Austin, Texas, tells the story of the last human being to stand on the moon, U.S. astronaut Eugene Cernan. It has been 42 years since Cernan returned from the moon and he laments that no one else has gone there since. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports.

All About America

Circumventing Censorship

An Internet Primer for Healthy Web Habits

As surveillance and censoring technologies advance, so, too, do new tools for your computer or mobile device that help protect your privacy and break through Internet censorship.
More