Obama Prepares for Afghan Speech, Senators Offer Advice

President plans speech for Tuesday at US Military Academy at West Point

US President Barack Obama speaks during a joint press conference with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (not pictured) in the East Room of the White House in Washington, DC, on 24 Nov 2009
US President Barack Obama speaks during a joint press conference with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (not pictured) in the East Room of the White House in Washington, DC, on 24 Nov 2009

As U.S. President Barack Obama prepares to announce his new Afghan strategy, members of Congress are offering last-minute advice.  Mr. Obama will spell out his plan Tuesday in a speech to the nation from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, as lawmakers get back to work after a holiday recess.

Congressional support will be crucial to President Obama's plan, since lawmakers must approve the funding.

Carl Levin, the Michigan Democrat who heads the Senate Armed Services committee, says the president's focus must be on bolstering the Afghan army. "The key here is an Afghan surge. Not an American surge," he said.

Levin told the CBS program Face the Nation that President Obama must detail a strategy that will ultimately enable the Afghans to protect themselves. "If the mission is to give them the capacity to take on the Taliban - and I believe that will be the principle mission statement - that would be one important thing to happen for Democratic support," he said.

Afghanistan is one area where the president may be able to count on Republican support.

Members of the opposition party in Congress have been calling for an increase in troop levels in Afghanistan.  Among them is Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, a member of the Armed Services committee. "This is not just any place on the planet.  This is the place where the Taliban took control after the Russians left, aligned themselves with al-Qaida and attacked this nation and killed 3000 Americans," he said.

The big dilemma for supporters of an increase in troop strength - at a reported cost of $1 million per soldier per year - is how to pay for it.

Graham told ABC's This Week, the war must be a spending priority, and cuts should be made in other programs. "Where does our national security rate in terms of spending?  Are there things that we can do in the stimulus package? Can we trim up the health care bill and other big ticket items to pay for a war that we can't afford to lose?"

One idea that is being floated on Capitol Hill is a special war tax.  Senator Evan Bayh - an Indiana Democrat - says that is the wrong way to go. "If, ultimately, you are going to have to start talking about raising taxes, you shouldn't do it until the economy is robust and really on some pretty good footing," he said.

During an appearance on the Fox News Sunday program, Bayh said the president has to address cost concerns in his speech.

But he said he will be listening to hear what Mr. Obama plans to do to put pressure on the Afghans and the Pakistanis to meet their obligations. "It is a fine balance.  We have to got to show we have the determination to see this through on the one hand, but keep the pressure on them to do their part.  And, by talking about an exit strategy under the right circumstances, I think you do that," he said.

Republican Senator John Kyl of Arizona told Fox News Sunday, any mention of an exit strategy will send the wrong signal to the region. "All of this talk about an exit strategy is really dangerous.  It tells the Taliban just to lay low until we leave, and it does not encourage the Europeans, for example, or other NATO allies that this is a cause worth sending their troops to support," he said.

President Obama has spent about three months reviewing all his options in Afghanistan, spending long hours in detailed closed-door discussions with his national security team. He is expected to announce Tuesday that he will send an extra 30,000 to 35,000 troops.  But aides have also made clear he will talk about the long term, and his plans to see to it that the Afghans are ultimately able to take care of their own security needs so American forces can come home.

This forum has been closed.
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Rolling Thunder Run Reveals Changed Attitudes Towards Vietnam Wari
Katherine Gypson
May 25, 2015 1:32 AM
For many US war veterans, the Memorial Day holiday is an opportunity to look back at a divisive conflict in the nation’s history and to remember those who did not make it home.

Video Rolling Thunder Run Reveals Changed Attitudes Towards Vietnam War

For many US war veterans, the Memorial Day holiday is an opportunity to look back at a divisive conflict in the nation’s history and to remember those who did not make it home.

Video Female American Soldiers: Healing Through Filmmaking

According to the United States Defense Department, there are more than 200-thousand women serving in the U.S. Armed Forces.  Like their male counterparts, females have experiences that can be very traumatic.  VOA's Bernard Shusman tells us about a program that is helping some American women in the military heal through filmmaking.

Video Iowa Family's Sacrifice Shaped US Military Service for Generations

Few places in America have experienced war like Waterloo. This small town in the Midwest state of Iowa became famous during World War II not for what it accomplished, but what it lost. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, the legacy of one family’s sacrifice is still a reminder today of the real cost of war for all families on the homefront.

Video On Film: How Dance Defies Iran's Political Oppression

'Desert Dancer' by filmmaker Richard Raymond is based on the true story of a group of young Iranians, who form an underground dance troupe in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This is the latest in a genre of films that focus on dance as a form of freedom of expression against political oppression and social injustice. VOA’s Penelope Poulou has more.

Video Turkey's Ruling Party Trying to Lure Voters in Opposition Stronghold

Turkey’s AK (Justice and Development) Party is seeking a fourth successive general election victory, with the goal of securing two-thirds of the seats in Parliament to rewrite the constitution and change the country's parliamentary system into a presidential one. To achieve that, the party will need to win seats in opposition strongholds like the western city of Izmir. Dorian Jones reports.

Video Millions Flock to Ethiopia Polls

Millions of Ethiopians cast their votes Sunday in the first national election since the 2012 death of longtime leader Meles Zenawi. Mr. Meles' party, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, is almost certain of victory again. VOA's Anita Powell reports from Addis Ababa.

Video Scientists Testing Space Propulsion by Light

Can the sun - the heart of our solar system - power a spacecraft to the edge of our solar system? The answer may come from a just-launched small satellite designed to test the efficiency of solar sail propulsion. Once deployed, its large sail will catch the so-called solar wind and slowly reach what scientists hope to be substantial speed. VOA’s George Putic reports.

Video FIFA Trains Somali Referees

As stability returns to the once lawless nation of Somalia, the world football governing body, FIFA, is helping to rebuild the country’s sport sector by training referees as well as its young footballers. Abdulaziz Billow has more from Mogadishu.

Video With US Child Obesity Rates on the Rise, Program Promotes Health Eating

In its fifth year, FoodCorps puts more than 180 young Americans into 500 schools across the United States, where they focus on teaching students about nutrition, engaging them with hands-on activities, and improving their access to healthy foods whether in the cafeteria or the greater community. Aru Pande has more.

Video Virginia Neighborhood Draws People to Nostalgic Main Street

In the U.S., people used to grow up in small towns with a main street lined by family-owned shops and restaurants. Today, however, many main streets are worn down and empty because shoppers have been lured away by shopping malls. But in the Del Ray neighborhood of Alexandria, Virginia, main street is thriving. VOA’s Deborah Block reports it has a nostalgic feel with its small restaurants and unique stores.

VOA Blogs