Pope Francis is installing 19 prelates into the College of Cardinals Saturday, with several coming from South America, Asia and Africa.
The new "princes of the Church" will receive gold rings and scarlet three-cornered caps known as red birettas at a ceremony in St. Peter's Basilica.
This is the first time Pope Francis has chosen cardinals. Analysts say his choices should speak to the perceived bias the Church seems to have towards European cardinals.
Chibly Langlois will be the Church's first cardinal from Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.
Most of the new cardinals are under the age of 80, likely enabling them to take part in the secretive conclave that elects new popes from among their ranks.
The oldest "new prince" will be Loris Francesco Capovilla, the 98-year-old former secretary to Pope John the 23rd.