News / Health

Progress in TB Control Since 1995, But More Must Be Done

Pinky Molefe, right, gets TB medication at a clinic in Alexandra township, north of Johannesburg, 13 Oct 2010
Pinky Molefe, right, gets TB medication at a clinic in Alexandra township, north of Johannesburg, 13 Oct 2010

The World Health Organization's Global TB Report says considerable improvements in the quality of tuberculosis care have been made since 1995, especially in the poorest countries.  The report finds more than 40 million TB patients were successfully treated for the disease during the past 15 years, resulting in 6 million lives saved.  

The World Health Organization calls this the most comprehensive report ever published about tuberculosis.  The report profiles 22 high-burden TB countries, analyzing the effectiveness of TB control measures.

Co-Author of the report, Philippe Glaziou, says the analysis shows incidence of TB is falling or stable in all 22 countries, with the exception of South Africa.

He says countries, such as Brazil, Cambodia, China, Tanzania, Uganda, and Mozambique are particularly successful in bringing down the incidence of the disease.

"Increases in case detection along with improved quality of care has led to declines in TB mortality.  For instance, in China, TB mortality has dropped by about 50 percent over the past decade.  This is a considerable achievement.  In Brazil and Cambodia, TB mortality is also about half the level that it had back in 1990,"  he said.

The report notes many more people in sub-Saharan Africa are being screened for HIV/AIDS and the number of people receiving anti-retroviral therapy is increasing.  This it says is allowing many people with tuberculosis to survive.  The report says anti-retroviral therapy coverage in 11 African countries now exceeds 40 percent.

Despite this progress, WHO Stop TB Department Director Mario Raviglione says these successes are too fragile.  He says the remaining challenges are huge.  

"There are still, as I mentioned 1.7 million deaths every year from a disease that is perfectly curable in 2010," he said. "The incidents I mentioned is falling, but it is falling far too slowly, less than 1 percent per year.  At this rate, at this pace it will take millennia to get rid of TB.  So, the goal of elimination may not actually be feasible in the short term.  And finally, the biggest challenge of all, the issue of Multi-Drug Resistant tuberculosis."

Nearly half a million people have multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis, which requires a complex, long, costly and toxic treatment.

The report says countries globally are on target to halt and to begin to reverse incidence of tuberculosis by 2015, the due date of the Millennium Development Goals.  It says countries also are globally on target to cut TB deaths by half by 2015.

Authors of the report say five-million lives can be saved between now and 2015 by fully funding and implementing the Global Plan to Stop TB.  

You May Like

South Korea Divided on Response to North’s Cyber Attack

In past five years, officials in Seoul have accused Pyongyang of hacking into banks, government websites, causing chaos and inflicting millions of dollars in damages More

Video Calm Amid Fear in Daily Life in S. Sudan’s Bentiu

Residents have been trying to regain some sense of normalcy, but planning for the future remains uncertain as fear of attacks looms More

2015 Could Be Watershed for Syria Conflict

Republican control of US Senate in January could lead to more aggressive policy against IS militants in Syria - and against regime of Bashar al-Assad More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Ugandan Doctors Aid Victims of Sudan's Civil Wari
X
Adam Bailes
December 22, 2014 3:45 PM
In Sudan's state of South Kordofan, the number of amputees as result of civil war is in the thousands, but few have access to sufficient medical help. Adam Bailes recently visited the area and says a small team of Ugandan doctors has been providing remote help, producing new prosthetic limbs for those in need.
Video

Video Ugandan Doctors Aid Victims of Sudan's Civil War

In Sudan's state of South Kordofan, the number of amputees as result of civil war is in the thousands, but few have access to sufficient medical help. Adam Bailes recently visited the area and says a small team of Ugandan doctors has been providing remote help, producing new prosthetic limbs for those in need.
Video

Video Jane Monheit Christmas Special

Chanteuse Jane Monheit sings the holiday classic “Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas,” and explains why it’s her favorite song of the season.
Video

Video Calm Amid Fear in Daily Life in S. Sudan’s Town of Bentiu

Six months ago, Bentiu was a ghost town. The capital of northern Unity State, near South Sudan’s important oil fields, had changed hands several times in fighting between government forces and rebels. Calm returned in November and since then, residents of Bentiu have been trying to regain some sense of normalcy. Bentiu’s market has reopened there are plans to start school again. But fears of new attacks hang heavy, as Benno Muchler reports from Bentiu.
Video

Video US Business Groups Press for Greater Access to Cuba

President Barack Obama's decision to do all he can to ease restrictions on U.S. trade, travel and financial activities with Cuba has drawn criticism from some conservatives and Republicans. People who bring tourists to the island and farmers who want to sell more food to Cuba, however, think they can do a lot more business with Cuba. VOA's Jim Randle reports.
Video

Video Three Cities Bid for Future Obama Presidential Library

President Barack Obama still has two years left in his term in office, but the effort to establish his post-presidential library is already underway. The bid for the Obama Presidential Library is down to four locations in three states -- New York, Hawaii, and Illinois. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, each of them played an important part in the president’s life before he reached the White House.
Video

Video Fears of More Political Gridlock in 2015

2014 proved to be a difficult year politically for President Barack Obama and a very good year for the U.S. Republican Party. Republican gains in the November midterm elections gave them control of the Senate and House of Representatives for the next two years -- setting the stage for more confrontation and gridlock in the final two years of the Obama presidency. VOA National Correspondent Jim Malone has a preview from Washington.
Video

Video Sudan School Becomes Target of Aerial Attacks

The school dropout rate is at an all-time high in Sudan's South Kordofan state because many schools have been destroyed during the three-year civil war between the government and SPLA-N rebel forces. Adam Bailes visited Sudan's Nuba Mountains' region and reports many children are simply too scared to go to school
Video

Video VOA Reporter Tours Devastated Peshawar School

Islamist militants wearing military uniforms and strapped with explosives attacked a military run school Tuesday in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar. At least 141 people were killed in the horrific attack, most of them young students. VOA reporter Ayaz Gul visited the devastated school and attended the funeral of the principal who courageously tried to save her students from the deadly attack.

All About America

AppleAndroid