News / Europe

Putin Stresses Cooperation in Arctic Resources Disputes

James Brooke

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said Thursday that disputes over the resource rich Arctic Ocean that is believed to hold as much as a quarter of the Earth's undiscovered oil and gas, can be resolved through dialogue.  Our correspondent reports from an international Arctic conference in Moscow.

Three years after Russia planted its flag on the seabed under the North Pole, Prime Minister Putin told the conference that differences over the Arctic can be resolved without conflict.

He said it is imperative to keep the Arctic "a zone of peace and cooperation."

Russia, the United States, Canada, Denmark and Norway have been trying to assert jurisdiction over parts of the Arctic Ocean.

A new U.S. government study indicates that one quarter of the Earth's untapped oil and gas reserves are locked beneath the floor of the Arctic Ocean.  Another U.S. study says that by 2030, global warming could leave the North Pole ice-free during the summer, turning the previously inaccessible region into a potentially rich source of oil, gas and other natural resources.

The Russian prime minister told the conference that "very serious economic and geopolitical interests intersect in the Arctic."  But he added that he had no doubt that "all the problems existing in the Arctic, including problems over the continental shelf can be resolved through an atmosphere of partnership."

Leaders of NATO's Arctic countries have been skeptical of Russia's approach to solving Arctic sovereignty disputes.  But analysts say Mr. Putin came to the Arctic meeting with new credibility.

Last week, Russia and Norway signed a maritime border agreement, after 40 years of negotiations.  The accord divides in half an area about 175,000 square kilometers, opening up a section of the Barents Sea to oil and gas exploration.

For Olav Orheim, head of the Research Council of Norway, the end of the boundary dispute is a major step.

''In Norwegian terms, that is the most significant event that happened in Norway since Norway signed with NATO more than 50 years ago," said Olav Orheim.

Analysts say that Russia's next big Arctic territorial dispute will likely be with Canada and Denmark, which handles foreign affairs and security for Greenland.

By 2014, the three nations are expected to file rival bids for unclaimed waters and seabed rights around the North Pole.

Russia says its continental shelf extends across the North Pole, following the Lomonosov Ridge - an underwater mountain range that extends from Siberia to Greenland.

Moscow announced this week that it will spend $64 million to gather data on the ridge.

Michael Byers, an expert on global politics and international law at the University of British Columbia in Canada, says the Russians will not win legal points for having named underwater geographical features.

"The issue of the extent of the continental shelf jurisdiction in the central Arctic Ocean will not be determined by power or politics," said Michael Byers. "Russia, Canada and all the other Arctic Ocean counties have agreed to use the Law of the Sea convention to resolve any of these issues and those procedures are entirely legal and scientific in character.  So Russia will collect scientific data on the shape and the sediments of the ocean floor.  Canada will do the same."

The day after Russia and Norway signed their border agreement, Canada's Foreign Minister Lawrence Cannon visited Moscow.  In a meeting with his Russian counterpart, Cannon forcefully reasserted Canada's rival claim to the disputed Arctic region.

You May Like

Video Americans, Tourists, Reflect on Meaning of Thanksgiving

VOA garnered opinions from several people soon after November 13 Paris attacks, which colored many of their thoughts

Video Thais Send Security Concerns Down the River

In northern Thailand, the annual tradition of constructing floating baskets to carry away the year’s bad spirits highlights the Loy Krathong festival

Video Tree Houses - A Branch of American Dream

Workshops aimed at teaching people how to build tree houses have become widely popular in America in recent years

This forum has been closed.
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Islamic State Unfazed by Losses in Iraq, Syriai
November 26, 2015 5:21 AM
Progress in the U.S.-led effort to beat Islamic State on its home turf in Iraq and Syria has led some to speculate the terror group may be growing desperate. But counterterror officials say that is not the case, and warn the recent spate of terror attacks is merely part of the group’s evolution. VOA National Security correspondent Jeff Seldin has more.

Video Islamic State Unfazed by Losses in Iraq, Syria

Progress in the U.S.-led effort to beat Islamic State on its home turf in Iraq and Syria has led some to speculate the terror group may be growing desperate. But counterterror officials say that is not the case, and warn the recent spate of terror attacks is merely part of the group’s evolution. VOA National Security correspondent Jeff Seldin has more.

Video Taiwan Looks for Role in South China Sea Dispute

The Taiwanese government is one of several that claims territory in the hotly contested South China Sea, but Taipei has long been sidelined in the dispute, overshadowed by China. Now, as the Philippines challenges Beijing’s claims in an international court at The Hague, Taipei is looking to publicly assert its claims. VOA’s Bill Ide has more from Beijing.

Video Syrian Refugees in US Express Concern for Those Left Behind

Syrian immigrants in the United States are concerned about the negative tide of public opinion and the politicians who want to block a U.S. plan to accept 10,000 Syrian refugees. Zlatica Hoke reports many Americans are fighting to dispel suspicions linking refugees to terrorists.

Video After Paris Attacks, France Steps Up Fight Against IS

The November 13 Paris attacks have drawn increased attention to Syria, where many of the suspected perpetrators are said to have received training. French President Francois Hollande is working to build a broad international coalition to defeat Islamic State in Syria and in Iraq. Zlatica Hoke reports.

Video US, Cambodian Navies Pair Up in Gulf of Thailand

The U.S. Navy has deployed one of its newest and most advanced ships to Cambodia to conduct joint training drills in the Gulf of Thailand. Riding hull-to-hull with Cambodian ships, the seamen of the USS Fort Worth are executing joint-training drills that will help build relations in Southeast Asia. David Boyle reports for VOA from Preah Sihanouk province.

Video Americans Sharpen Focus on Terrorism

Washington will be quieter than usual this week due to the Thanksgiving holiday, even as Americans across the nation register heightened concerns over possible terrorist threats. VOA’s Michael Bowman reports new polling data from ABC News and the Washington Post newspaper show an electorate increasingly focused on security issues after the deadly Islamic State attacks in Paris.

Video World Leaders Head to Paris for Climate Deal

Heads of state from nearly 80 countries are heading to Paris (November 30-December 11) to craft a global climate change agreement. The new accord will replace the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change that expired in 2012.

Video Uncertain Future for Syrian Refugee Resettlement in Illinois

For the trickle of Syrian refugees finding new homes in the Midwest city of Chicago, the call to end resettlement in many U.S. states is adding another dimension to their long journey fleeing war. Organizations working to help them integrate say the backlash since the Paris attacks is both harming and helping their efforts to provide refugees sanctuary. VOA's Kane Farabaugh reports.

Video Creating Physical Virtual Reality With Tiny Drones

As many computer gamers know, virtual reality is a three-dimensional picture, projected inside special googles. It can fool your brain into thinking the computer world is the real world. But If you try to touch it, it’s not there. Now Canadian researchers say it may be possible to create a physical virtual reality using tiny drones. VOA’s George Putic reports.

Video New American Indian Village Takes Visitors Back in Time

There is precious little opportunity to experience what life was like in the United States before its colonization by European settlers. Now, an American Indian village built in a park outside Washington is taking visitors back in time to experience the way of life of America's indigenous people. Carol Pearson narrates this report from VOA's June Soh.

Video Even With Hometown Liberated, Yazidi Refugees Fear Return

While the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar has been liberated from Islamic State forces, it's not clear whether Yazidi residents who fled the militants will now return home. VOA’s Mahmut Bozarslan talked with Yazidis, a religious and ethnic minority, at a Turkish refugee camp in Diyarbakır. Robert Raffaele narrates his report.

Video Nairobi Tailors Make Pope Francis’ Vestments

To ensure the pope is properly attired during his visit, the Kenya Conference of Catholic Bishops asked the Dolly Craft Sewing Project in the Nairobi slum of Kangemi to make the pope's vestments, the garments he will wear during the various ceremonies. Jill Craig reports.

Video Cross-Border Terrorism Puts Europe’s Passport-Free Travel in Doubt

The fallout from the Islamic State terror attacks in Paris has put the future of Europe’s passport-free travel area, known as the "Schengen Zone," in doubt. Several of the perpetrators were known to intelligence agencies, but were not intercepted. Henry Ridgwell reports from London European ministers are to hold an emergency meeting Friday in Brussels to look at ways of improving security.

Video El Niño Brings Unexpected Fish From Mexico to California

Fish in an unexpected spectrum of sizes, shapes and colors are moving north, through El Niño's warm currents from Mexican waters to the Pacific Ocean off California’s coast. El Nino is the periodic warming of the eastern and central Pacific Ocean. As Faiza Elmasry tells us, this phenomenon thrills scientists and gives anglers the chance of a once-in-a-lifetime big catch. Faith Lapidus narrates.

Video Terrorism in Many Forms Continues to Plague Africa

While the world's attention is on Paris in the wake of Friday night's deadly attacks, terrorism from various sides remains a looming threat in many African countries. Nigerian cities have been targeted this week by attacks many believe were staged by the violent Islamist group Boko Haram. In addition, residents in many regions are forced to flee their homes as they are terrorized by armed militias. Zlatica Hoke reports.

Video Study: Underage Marriage Rate Higher for Females in Pakistan

While attitudes about the societal role of females in Pakistan are evolving, research by child advocacy group Plan International suggests that underage marriage of girls remains a particularly big issue in the country. VOA’s Ayesha Tanzeem reports how such marriages leads to further social problems.

VOA Blogs