News / USA

Senate Expected to Swiftly Confirm US General for Afghan War

A Senate panel is questioning four-star General David Petraeus, who has been nominated to take over command of around 140,000 U.S. and NATO troops in Afghanistan.

General Petraeus is considered one of the most respected and reliable soldiers in the U.S. military. Credited with helping to turn around the war in Iraq, General Petraeus has been asked by President Barack Obama to do the same thing in Afghanistan.

Petraeus is being questioned by members of the Senate Armed Services Committee about the counterinsurgency strategy he championed in Iraq, and how effectively it can be applied in South Asia. The approach emphasizes protecting the local population and in Iraq it helped achieve dramatic results. Following the change there, a powerful Shi'ite militia gave up its weapons and Sunni insurgents switched sides to support the U.S. fight against al-Qaida.

IHS Janes Security Analysis group analyst Jeremy Binnie predicts that it is less likely that troops in Afghanistan will be able to encourage lower-level militants to lay down their arms.

"You have to negotiate from a position of strength," said Binnie. So for as long as, especially the more we talk about withdrawal, the more we talk about changing strategy, the more that sort of empowers the Taliban and they think they're going to win and no one's going to switch sides."

Binnie also points out that the Obama's counterinsurgency strategy faces far greater challenges in Afghanistan than in Iraq because the Kabul government is plagued by corruption.

"There's a widespread perception that the Afghan government isn't really effective enough. And ultimately, the question is if the plan is to hand over the Afghans, can that government in Kabul actually run the show? And a lot of people are pretty doubtful about that," said Binnie.

Lawmakers say Petraeus undoubtedly will be confirmed for the post because of his record of success. If that happens, he would replace General Stanley McChrystal, who resigned last week over disparaging remarks he and his aides made about President Obama and his staff.

Both McChrystal and Petraeus endorsed Mr. Obama's plan to deploy 30,000 more troops to Afghanistan to reign in the insurgency. Congress has supported the plan, but Democratic lawmakers weary after nine years of war say they want to see progress by the end of the year. They also are looking for Petraeus to assure them that U.S. troops will begin withdrawing from Afghanistan in July 2011, as Mr. Obama has pledged.

In Kabul, NATO spokesman Brigadier Josef Blotz said the political drama has not, and will not, affect the security operations in Afghanistan.

"Regarding the mood of our troops and the pace of operations there is absolutely no change whatsoever. Our troops understand they must continue partnering with the Afghan national security forces to push the fight in the south, that there is no pause in our efforts to protect the Afghan people," said Blotz.

But a new report is casting doubt on U.S. efforts to partner with Afghan forces to improve security. A U.S. special inspector general report says the capability of many Afghan security forces has been overestimated for the past five years because the United States has relied on a faulty rating system.

You May Like

Israelis Quietly Expand Enclave in Palestinian District of Jerusalem

Estimated 500 settlers, armed or protected by paramilitary police, live in Silwan among 50,000 Palestinians More

Video US, Iran Face Similar Challenges in Syrian Fight Against IS

Both Washington, Tehran back fighters battling Islamic State militants in Iraq -- but in Syria they support opposing sides in country’s civil war More

China Boosts Efforts to Help Afghan, Regional Stability

Observers say China’s increased regional involvement are due to concerns that Afghan instability and the presence of anti-China militants in Pakistani border areas could fuel Xinjiang troubles More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
China Political Meeting Seeks to Improve Rule of Lawi
X
William Ide
October 20, 2014 10:23 AM
China’s communist leaders will host a top level political meeting this week, called the Fourth Plenum, and for the first time in the party’s history, rule of law will be a key item on the agenda. Analysts and Chinese media reports say the meetings could see the approval of long-awaited measures aimed at giving courts more independence and include steps to enhance an already aggressive and high-reaching anti-corruption drive. VOA’s Bill Ide has more from Beijing.
Video

Video China Political Meeting Seeks to Improve Rule of Law

China’s communist leaders will host a top level political meeting this week, called the Fourth Plenum, and for the first time in the party’s history, rule of law will be a key item on the agenda. Analysts and Chinese media reports say the meetings could see the approval of long-awaited measures aimed at giving courts more independence and include steps to enhance an already aggressive and high-reaching anti-corruption drive. VOA’s Bill Ide has more from Beijing.
Video

Video Ebola Orphanage Opens in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone's first Ebola orphanage has opened in the Kailahun district. Hundreds of children orphaned since the beginning of the Ebola outbreak face stigma and rejection with nobody to care for them. Adam Bailes reports for VOA about a new interim care center that's aimed at helping the growing number of children affected by Ebola.
Video

Video Latinas Converting to Islam for Identity, Structure

Latinos are one of the fastest growing groups in the Muslim religion. According to the Pew Research Center, about 6 percent of American Muslims are Latino. And a little more than half of new converts are female. VOA’s Carolyn Presutti travelled to Miami, Florida -- where two out of every three residents is Hispanic -- to learn more.
Video

Video Nigeria Agrees to Cease-Fire With Boko Haram

Islamist militant group Boko Haram and the Nigerian government have agreed to a cease-fire. The Nigerian government issued an order Friday, telling all military chiefs "to comply with the cease-fire agreement in all theaters of operations. Why now and the significance of the agreement are questions on some people’s minds. VOA's Mariama Diallo reports.
Video

Video Kobani Fighting Sends 400,000 Refugees to Turkey

The offensive by Islamic State militants against the northern Syrian city of Kobani has caused hundreds of thousands of residents to flee to Turkey. They receive help from Turkish authorities and individuals, but say much more is needed. VOA’s Scott Bobb reports from the town of Suruc a few kilometers from the border.
Video

Video Exclusive: American Joins Kurds' Anti-IS Fight

The United States and other Western nations have expressed alarm about their citizens joining Islamic State forces in Syria and Iraq. In a rare counterpoint to the phenomenon, an American has taken up arms with the militants' Syrian Kurdish opponents. Elizabeth Arrott has more in this exclusive profile by VOA Kurdish reporter Zana Omer in Ras al Ayn, Syria.
Video

Video South Korea Confronts Violence Within Military Ranks

Every able-bodied South Korean male between 18 and 35 must serve for 21 to 36 months in the country’s armed forces, depending upon the specific branch. For many, service is a rite of passage to manhood. But there are growing concerns that bullying and violence come along with the tradition. Reporter Jason Strother has more from Seoul.
Video

Video Comanche People Maintain Pride in Their Heritage

The Comanche (Indian nation) once were called the “Lords of the Plains,” with an empire that included half the land area of current day Texas, large parts of Oklahoma, New Mexico, Kansas and Colorado.The fierceness and battle prowess of these warriors on horseback delayed the settlement of most of West Texas for four decades. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports from Lawton, Oklahoma, that while their warrior days are over, the 15,000 members of the Comanche Nation remain a proud people.
Video

Video Turkey Campus Attacks Raise Islamic Radicalization Fears

Concerns are growing in Turkey of Islamic radicalization at some universities, after clashes between supporters of the jihadist group Islamic State (IS) or ISIS, and those opposed to the extremists. Pro-jihadist literature is on sale openly on the streets of Istanbul. Critics accuse the government of turning a blind eye to radicalism at home, while Kurds accuse the president of supporting IS - a charge strongly denied. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Syrian Defector Leaks Shocking Photos of Torture Victims

Shocking photographs purporting to show Syrian torture victims are on display at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington. The museum says the graphic images are among thousands of photographs recently smuggled out of Syria by a military policeman-turned-defector. As VOA reporter Julie Taboh reports, the museum says the photos provide further evidence of atrocities committed by the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad against its own people.
Video

Video Drought-Stricken California Considers Upgrading Water System

A three-year drought in California is causing a water shortage that is being felt on farms and cities throughout the state. As VOA's Mike O’Sullivan reports, water experts, consumers and farmers say California needs to make changes to cope with an uncertain future.
Video

Video TechShop Puts High-tech Dreams Within Reach

Square, a business app and card reader, makes it possible to do credit card transactions through cell phones. But what made Square possible? VOA’s Adrianna Zhang and Enming Liu have the answer.

All About America

AppleAndroid