News / Africa

South Sudan Conflict Erases Food Security Gains, UN Agencies Say

A displaced woman walks with a box of food on her head from a food distribution center at a U.N. compound in Juba, Dec. 23, 2013. (WFP)
A displaced woman walks with a box of food on her head from a food distribution center at a U.N. compound in Juba, Dec. 23, 2013. (WFP)
Charlton Doki
The conflict in South Sudan has undone the strides the young country has taken toward food security in recent years, U.N. agencies said Monday.

Food insecurity levels had dropped to a record low of 3.4 percent of the population from around 10 percent following two good harvests in a row and helped by lower prices, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) said in a report.

But when "serious conflict erupted in mid-December in Juba, which quickly spread across Central Equatoria into the eastern regions of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile," trade routes were disrupted and hundreds of thousands were displaced, fleeing to states that were unaffected by the crisis and to neighboring countries. 

These people, their livelihoods have been destroyed, which means if they had to go to their farms, if they had to maintain their livestock, this is impossible anymore.
"With hundreds of thousands of people displaced, it means that we are getting back to a situation where these people are in need of food assistance," WFP spokesman in South Sudan Geroge Fominyen said.

"These people, their livelihoods have been destroyed... And, therefore, they now need food assistance,” he said.

Farmers in South Sudan normally plant crops between March and early June.

But unless the displaced are able to return to their homes in time for planting season, "cereal deficits in the next harvest will increase," the report says.
 
Pro- and anti-government forces have been accused of looting homes, destroying civilian property, including food stocks, pushing millions of South Sudanese into hunger, according to the U.N. and rights agencies.

Insecurity is also disrupting key trade and migration routes, Fominyen said.

“The trade routes where a lot of food is coming in from outside or even going through to other parts of South Sudan are now being disrupted, so it’s difficult for trucks to move or for food to come in, for people to be able to access food,” he said.

FAO will help people to become more food secure by increasing access to seeds, supporting fishing activities, and increasing access to micro-irrigation equipment in areas less affected by the current fighting, Fominyen said.

“We are also continuing with our food for assets activities. In the food for assets activities we provide food assistance and in exchange the communities carry out activities where they can be able to build their own resilience and their livelihoods," he said.

The three states most affected by the conflict - Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile - were also the most food-insecure prior to the outbreak of fighting, the two U.N. agencies said.

WFP is providing emergency food supplies to some 2.5 million people in South Sudan, where the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) says up to 3.7 million people are at risk of food insecurity. OCHA also warned that the number could rise if the conflict continues.

You May Like

Myanmar Fighting Poses Dilemma for China

To gain some insight into conflict, VOA’s Steve Herman spoke with Min Zaw Oo, director of ceasefire negotiation and implementation at Myanmar Peace Center More

Australia Concerned Over Islamic State 'Brides'

Canberra believes there are between 30 and 40 Australian women who have taken part in terror attacks or are supporting the Islamic State terror network More

Recreational Marijuana Use Now Legal in Washington, DC

Law allows adults 21 and over to privately possess and smoke 0.05 kilogram of pot, and to grow small amounts of the plant More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
US Supreme Court Hears Hijab Discrimination Casei
X
Katherine Gypson
February 25, 2015 11:30 PM
The U.S. Supreme Court has heard opening arguments in a workplace religious discrimination case that examines whether a clothing store can refuse to hire a young woman for wearing the headscarf she says is a symbol of her Muslim faith. Katherine Gypson reports from the Supreme Court.
Video

Video US Supreme Court Hears Hijab Discrimination Case

The U.S. Supreme Court has heard opening arguments in a workplace religious discrimination case that examines whether a clothing store can refuse to hire a young woman for wearing the headscarf she says is a symbol of her Muslim faith. Katherine Gypson reports from the Supreme Court.
Video

Video Falling Gas Prices Hurt Nascent Illinois Hydraulic Fracturing Industry

Falling oil prices are helping consumers purchase cheaper petroleum at the pump. But that’s made hydraulic fracturing or “fracking” less economically viable for the companies in the United States invested in the process. VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports on one Midwestern town that was hoping to change its fortunes by cashing in on the next big U.S. oil boom.
Video

Video Fighting in Sudan's South Kordofan Fuels Mass Displacement

Heavy fighting in Sudan's South Kordofan state is causing hundreds of thousands to flee into uncertain conditions. Local aid organizations estimate as many as 400,000 civilians have been internally displaced since the conflict began more than three years ago, while another 250,000 have fled across the border to refugee camps in South Sudan. VOA's Adam Bailes reports.
Video

Video Lao Dam Project Runs Into Opposition

A Lao dam project on a section of the Mekong River is drawing opposition from local fishermen, international environmental groups and neighboring countries. VOA's Say Mony visited the region to investigate the concerns. Colin Lovett narrates.
Video

Video A Filmmaker Discovers Her Biracial Identity in "Little White Lie

Lacey Schwartz grew up in an upper middle-class Jewish family, in a town in upstate New York where almost everyone she knew was white. She assumed that she was, as well. Her recent documentary, Little White Lie, tells the story of how she uncovered the secret of her true racial background. VOA’s Carolyn Weaver has more on the film.
Video

Video Deep Under Antarctic Ice Sheet, Life!

With the end of summer in the Southern hemisphere, the Antarctic research season is over. Scientists from Northern Illinois University are back in their laboratory after a 3-month expedition on the Ross Ice Shelf, the world’s largest floating ice sheet. As VOA’s Rosanne Skirble reports, they hope to find clues to explain the dynamics of the rapidly melting ice and its impact on sea level rise.
Video

Video US-Cuba Normalization Talks Resume Friday

Negotiations aimed at normalizing diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba resume Friday. On the table: lifting a half-century trade embargo and easing banking and travel restrictions. There's opposition in Congress, but some analysts say there may be sufficient political and economic incentives in both nations for a potential breakthrough this year. VOA's Mil Arcega reports.
Video

Video Pakistan's Deadline For SIM Registration Has Cellphone Users Scrambling

Pakistani cell phone users have until midnight Thursday to register their SIM cards, or their service will be cut off. While some privacy experts worry about government intrusion, many Pakistanis are just worried about keeping their phone lines open. VOA Deewa reporter Arshad Muhmand has more from Peshawar.
Video

Video Myanmar Warns Factory Workers to End Strikes

Outside Myanmar's main city Yangon, thousands of workers walked off their jobs earlier this month demanding a doubling of their wages, pay raises after a year and input from labor unions on industrial regulations. Since Friday, the standoff has grown more tense as police moved in to disrupt the sit-ins, resulting in clashes that injured people from both sides. VOA correspondent Steve Herman visited industrial zones which have become a focus of Myanmar's fledgling workers rights movement.
Video

Video Oscar Winners Do More Than Thank the Academy

The Academy Awards presentation is Hollywood’s night to reward the best movies from the previous year. It’s typically a lot of glitter, a lot of thank you’s, a lot of speeches. But many of this year’s speeches carried messages beyond the thank you's. VOA’s Carolyn Presutti takes a look.

All About America

Circumventing Censorship

An Internet Primer for Healthy Web Habits

As surveillance and censoring technologies advance, so, too, do new tools for your computer or mobile device that help protect your privacy and break through Internet censorship.
More