News / Africa

South Sudan Reports Progress on Seperation Issues

Southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, briefs reporters in the southern Sudanese capital Juba (File Photo).
Southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, briefs reporters in the southern Sudanese capital Juba (File Photo).
Matt Richmond

South Sudan is reporting progress on issues that remain to be resolved with the northern Khartoum government. 

North and south Sudan have been negotiating for months on how to make their divorce a smooth one.  Just two weeks after final results from the south’s referendum were announced, they are nearing agreements on how to handle the south’s oil and currency after separation.

Since the 2005 peace deal that ended two decades of civil war in Sudan, the two sides have evenly split oil revenues.

The southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, said that arrangement will end when the south becomes independent.

"The notion of continuing sharing wealth will not be there," he said. "There is no continuation, whether 50 percent or anything."

About 80 percent of the almost 500,000 barrels of oil a day produced in Sudan are found in the south. After separation, the south will pay the north to use its pipelines and send oil through its territory. The pipeline from southern oilfields runs through the north to the Port of Sudan.

For at least the next few years, the pipeline will be the only way for the south to export its oil, according to Amum.

"Southern Sudan will continue to export its oil through the north and it will pay fees, either transit fees or transport fees for the pipeline," said Amum.

Amum added that the north may come to the south to ask for a grant to offset the loss of oil revenue, something the south would be willing to pay.

The south has also decided to adopt a new currency after separation and will call it the pound. Amum added that the Central Bank of Sudan has agreed to buy back Sudanese pounds from the Bank of Southern Sudan after separation, one of the many potential points of conflict remaining before north and south.

The two major remaining hurdles in the negotiations are the future of the oil-rich Abyei region and border demarcation, according to Amum.

Residents of Abyei were supposed to vote along with southerners on January 9 to decide whether to remain a part of the north or join an independent south. The vote was delayed because of disagreements over who has the right to vote. It has been the most contentious issue since negotiations began and neither side has shown any willingness to compromise.

Work on border demarcation is scheduled to resume this weekend. Eighty percent of the border between north and south is complete, while the rest remains disputed. The south will refer to maps and documents produced 50 years ago under colonial rule, in an effort to reclaim from the north what they consider stolen land.

These issues will need to be resolved before the south becomes independent on July 9.

You May Like

Multimedia US Defense Secretary: Iraqi Forces Lack 'Will to Fight'

Ash Carter criticizes Iraq's reaction to Islamic State; National Security Advisor Susan Rice echoed Carter's concerns in an interview on CBS More

Boko Haram Surrounds Havens With Land Mines

Chad and Cameroon say huge numbers of land mines planted by Boko Haram fighters along Cameroon's border with Nigeria are a danger to people, livestock and soldiers More

Women Activists for Peace Cross Korean DMZ

Governments of Koreas give international delegation of women peace activists permission to pass through heavily fortified boarder, but some critics say symbolic crossing only benefits Pyongyang More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Turkey's Main Opposition Party Hopes for Election Breakthroughi
X
May 22, 2015 10:23 AM
Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party has sought an image change ahead of the June 7 general election. The move comes after suffering successive defeats at the hands of the Islamist-rooted AK Party, which has portrayed it as hostile to religion. Dorian Jones reports from the western city of Izmir.
Video

Video Turkey's Main Opposition Party Hopes for Election Breakthrough

Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party has sought an image change ahead of the June 7 general election. The move comes after suffering successive defeats at the hands of the Islamist-rooted AK Party, which has portrayed it as hostile to religion. Dorian Jones reports from the western city of Izmir.
Video

Video Europe Follows US Lead in Tackling ‘Conflict Minerals’

Metals mined from conflict zones in places like the Democratic Republic of Congo are often sold by warlords to buy weapons. This week European lawmakers voted to force manufacturers to prove that their supply chains are not inadvertently fueling conflicts and human rights abuses. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Class Tackles Questions of Race, Discrimination

Unrest in some U.S. cities is more than just a trending news item at Ladue Middle School in St. Louis, Missouri. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, it’s a focus of a multicultural studies class engaging students in wide-ranging discussions about racial tensions and police aggression.
Video

Video Mind-Controlled Prosthetics Are Getting Closer

Scientists and engineers are making substantial advances towards the ultimate goal in prosthetics – creation of limbs that can be controlled by the wearer’s mind. Thanks to sophisticated sensors capable of picking up the brain’s signals, an amputee in Iceland is literally bringing us one step closer to that goal. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video Afghan Economy Sinks As Foreign Troops Depart

As international troops prepare to leave Afghanistan, and many foreign aid groups follow, Afghans are grappling with how the exodus will affect the country's fragile economy. Ayesha Tanzeem reports from the Afghan capital, Kabul.
Video

Video Poverty, Ignorance Force Underage Girls Into Marriage

The recent marriage of a 17-year old Chechen girl to a local police chief who was 30 years older and already had a wife caused an outcry in Russia and beyond. The bride was reportedly forced to marry and her parents were intimidated into giving their consent. The union spotlighted yet again the plight of many underage girls in developing countries. Zlatica Hoke reports poverty, ignorance and fear are behind the practice, especially in Asia and Africa.
Video

Video South Korea Marks Gwangju Uprising Anniversary

South Korea this week marked the 35th anniversary of a protest that turned deadly. The Gwangju Uprising is credited with starting the country’s democratic revolution after it was violently quelled by South Korea’s former military rulers. But as Jason Strother reports, some observers worry that democracy has recently been eroded.
Video

Video California’s Water System Not Created To Handle Current Drought

The drought in California is moving into its fourth year. While the state's governor is mandating a reduction in urban water use, most of the water used in California is for agriculture. But both city dwellers and farmers are feeling the impact of the drought. Some experts say the state’s water system was not created to handle long periods of drought. Elizabeth Lee reports from Ventura County, an agricultural region just northwest of Los Angeles.
Video

Video How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction

An international team of scientists has sequenced the complete genome of the woolly mammoth. Led by the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm, the work opens the door to recreate the huge herbivore, which last roamed the Earth 4,000 years ago. VOA’s Rosanne Skirble considers the science of de-extinction and its place on the planet
Video

Video Blind Boy Defines His Life with Music

Cole Moran was born blind. He also has cognitive delays and other birth defects. He has to learn everything by ear. Nevertheless, the 12-year-old has had an insatiable love for music since he was born. VOA’s June Soh introduces us to the young phenomenal harmonica player.

VOA Blogs