News / Africa

South Sudan Reports Progress on Seperation Issues

Southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, briefs reporters in the southern Sudanese capital Juba (File Photo).
Southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, briefs reporters in the southern Sudanese capital Juba (File Photo).
Matt Richmond

South Sudan is reporting progress on issues that remain to be resolved with the northern Khartoum government. 

North and south Sudan have been negotiating for months on how to make their divorce a smooth one.  Just two weeks after final results from the south’s referendum were announced, they are nearing agreements on how to handle the south’s oil and currency after separation.

Since the 2005 peace deal that ended two decades of civil war in Sudan, the two sides have evenly split oil revenues.

The southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, said that arrangement will end when the south becomes independent.

"The notion of continuing sharing wealth will not be there," he said. "There is no continuation, whether 50 percent or anything."

About 80 percent of the almost 500,000 barrels of oil a day produced in Sudan are found in the south. After separation, the south will pay the north to use its pipelines and send oil through its territory. The pipeline from southern oilfields runs through the north to the Port of Sudan.

For at least the next few years, the pipeline will be the only way for the south to export its oil, according to Amum.

"Southern Sudan will continue to export its oil through the north and it will pay fees, either transit fees or transport fees for the pipeline," said Amum.

Amum added that the north may come to the south to ask for a grant to offset the loss of oil revenue, something the south would be willing to pay.

The south has also decided to adopt a new currency after separation and will call it the pound. Amum added that the Central Bank of Sudan has agreed to buy back Sudanese pounds from the Bank of Southern Sudan after separation, one of the many potential points of conflict remaining before north and south.

The two major remaining hurdles in the negotiations are the future of the oil-rich Abyei region and border demarcation, according to Amum.

Residents of Abyei were supposed to vote along with southerners on January 9 to decide whether to remain a part of the north or join an independent south. The vote was delayed because of disagreements over who has the right to vote. It has been the most contentious issue since negotiations began and neither side has shown any willingness to compromise.

Work on border demarcation is scheduled to resume this weekend. Eighty percent of the border between north and south is complete, while the rest remains disputed. The south will refer to maps and documents produced 50 years ago under colonial rule, in an effort to reclaim from the north what they consider stolen land.

These issues will need to be resolved before the south becomes independent on July 9.

You May Like

Philippines, Muslim Rebels Try to Salvage Peace Pact

Peace process faces major setback after botched military operation to find terrorists results in bloody gunbattle between government forces, Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters More

Republicans Expect Long, Expensive Presidential Battle

Political strategist says eventual winner will be one who can put together strongest coalition of various conservative groups that make up Republican Party More

Video New Wheelchair Is Easier to Use, Increases Mobility

Engineers have come up with a lever-operated design that makes use of easily accessible bicycle technology More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Liberia's Almost Last Ebola Patient Grateful but Still Grievingi
X
Benno Muchler
March 26, 2015 3:41 PM
Beatrice Yardolo was to make history as Liberia’s last Ebola patient. Liberians recently started counting down 42 days, the period that has to go by without a single new infection until the World Health Organization can declare a country Ebola-free. That countdown stopped on March 20 when there was another new case of Ebola, making Yardolo’s story a reminder that Ebola is far from over. Benno Muchler reports from Monrovia.
Video

Video Liberia's Almost Last Ebola Patient Grateful but Still Grieving

Beatrice Yardolo was to make history as Liberia’s last Ebola patient. Liberians recently started counting down 42 days, the period that has to go by without a single new infection until the World Health Organization can declare a country Ebola-free. That countdown stopped on March 20 when there was another new case of Ebola, making Yardolo’s story a reminder that Ebola is far from over. Benno Muchler reports from Monrovia.
Video

Video Cambodian Land Grabs Threaten Traditional Communities

Indigenous communities in Cambodia's Ratanakiri province say the government’s economic land concession policy is taking away their land and traditional way of life, making many fear that their identity will soon be lost. Local authorities, though, have denied this is the case. VOA's Say Mony went to investigate and filed this report, narrated by Colin Lovett.
Video

Video US, South Korea Conduct Joint Military Exercises

The Eighth U.S. Army Division and the Eighth Republic of Korea Mechanized Infantry Division put on a well orchestrated show of force for the media this week during their joint military training exercises in South Korea. VOA’s Seoul correspondent Brian Padden was there and reports the soldiers were well disciplined both in conducting a complex live fire exercise and in staying on message with the press.
Video

Video Space Program Status Disappoints 'Last Man on the Moon'

One of the films that drew big crowds last week at the annual South by Southwest festival in Austin, Texas, tells the story of the last human being to stand on the moon, U.S. astronaut Eugene Cernan. It has been 42 years since Cernan returned from the moon and he laments that no one else has gone there since. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports.
Video

Video Young Filmmakers Shine Spotlight on Giving Back

A group of student filmmakers from across the United States joined President Barack Obama at the White House this month for the second annual White House Student Film Festival. Fifteen short films were officially selected from more than 1,500 entries by students aged 6 through 18. The filmmakers and their families then joined the president and a group of celebrities for a screening of their films. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
Video

Video VOA Exclusive: Interview with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, during his first visit as president to Washington, gave a one-on-one interview with VOA Afghan Service reporter Said Suleiman Ashna, about his request for a change in U.S. troop levels, the threat from the Islamic State, and repairing relations with the United States and Pakistan. The interview was held at Blair House, late Sunday, in Pashto.
Video

Video California Science Center Tells Story of Dead Sea Scrolls

The ancient manuscripts were uncovered in the mid-20th century, and they are still yielding clues about life and religious beliefs in ancient Israel. As VOA's Mike O'Sullivan reports, an exhibit in Los Angeles shows how modern science is bringing the history of these ancient documents to life.
Video

Video Angelina Jolie Takes Another Bold Step

Hollywood actress and filmmaker Angelina Jolie has revealed she had her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed to lower her odds of getting cancer. Doctors say the huge publicity over her decision will help raise awareness about the importance of cancer screening. VOA’s George Putic has more

All About America

Circumventing Censorship

An Internet Primer for Healthy Web Habits

As surveillance and censoring technologies advance, so, too, do new tools for your computer or mobile device that help protect your privacy and break through Internet censorship.
More