News / Africa

South Sudan Reports Progress on Seperation Issues

Southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, briefs reporters in the southern Sudanese capital Juba (File Photo).
Southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, briefs reporters in the southern Sudanese capital Juba (File Photo).
TEXT SIZE - +
Matt Richmond

South Sudan is reporting progress on issues that remain to be resolved with the northern Khartoum government. 

North and south Sudan have been negotiating for months on how to make their divorce a smooth one.  Just two weeks after final results from the south’s referendum were announced, they are nearing agreements on how to handle the south’s oil and currency after separation.

Since the 2005 peace deal that ended two decades of civil war in Sudan, the two sides have evenly split oil revenues.

The southern ruling party's secretary general, Pagan Amum, said that arrangement will end when the south becomes independent.

"The notion of continuing sharing wealth will not be there," he said. "There is no continuation, whether 50 percent or anything."

About 80 percent of the almost 500,000 barrels of oil a day produced in Sudan are found in the south. After separation, the south will pay the north to use its pipelines and send oil through its territory. The pipeline from southern oilfields runs through the north to the Port of Sudan.

For at least the next few years, the pipeline will be the only way for the south to export its oil, according to Amum.

"Southern Sudan will continue to export its oil through the north and it will pay fees, either transit fees or transport fees for the pipeline," said Amum.

Amum added that the north may come to the south to ask for a grant to offset the loss of oil revenue, something the south would be willing to pay.

The south has also decided to adopt a new currency after separation and will call it the pound. Amum added that the Central Bank of Sudan has agreed to buy back Sudanese pounds from the Bank of Southern Sudan after separation, one of the many potential points of conflict remaining before north and south.

The two major remaining hurdles in the negotiations are the future of the oil-rich Abyei region and border demarcation, according to Amum.

Residents of Abyei were supposed to vote along with southerners on January 9 to decide whether to remain a part of the north or join an independent south. The vote was delayed because of disagreements over who has the right to vote. It has been the most contentious issue since negotiations began and neither side has shown any willingness to compromise.

Work on border demarcation is scheduled to resume this weekend. Eighty percent of the border between north and south is complete, while the rest remains disputed. The south will refer to maps and documents produced 50 years ago under colonial rule, in an effort to reclaim from the north what they consider stolen land.

These issues will need to be resolved before the south becomes independent on July 9.

You May Like

Photogallery Pope's Easter Prayer: Peace in Ukraine, Syria

Pontiff also calls for end to terrorist acts in Nigeria, violence in Iraq, and success in peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians More

Abdullah Holds Lead in Afghan Presidential Election

Country's Election Commission says that with half of the ballots counted, former FM remains in the lead with 44 percent of the vote More

Russia-Ukraine Crisis Could Trigger Cyber War

As tensions between Kyiv and Moscow escalate, so too has frequency of online attacks targeting government, news and financial sites More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Ukraine, Russia, United in Faith, Divided in Politicsi
X
Michael Eckels
April 19, 2014
There is a strong historical religious connection between Russia and Ukraine. But what role is religion playing in the current conflict? In the run-up to Easter, Michael Eckels in Moscow reports for VOA.
Video

Video Ukraine, Russia, United in Faith, Divided in Politics

There is a strong historical religious connection between Russia and Ukraine. But what role is religion playing in the current conflict? In the run-up to Easter, Michael Eckels in Moscow reports for VOA.
Video

Video Face of American Farmer is Changing

The average American farmer is now 58 years old, and farmers 65 and older are the fastest growing segment of the population. It’s a troubling trend signaling big changes ahead for American agriculture as aging farmers retire. Reporter Mike Osborne says a new report from the U.S. Census Bureau is suggesting what some of those changes might look like... and why they might not be so troubling.
Video

Video Donetsk Governor: Ukraine Military Assault 'Delicate But Necessary'

Around a dozen state buildings in eastern Ukraine remain in the hands of pro-Russian protesters who are demanding a referendum on self-rule. The governor of the whole Donetsk region is among those forced out by the protesters. He spoke to VOA's Henry Ridgwell from his temporary new office in Donetsk city.
Video

Video Drones May Soon Send Data From High Seas

Drones are usually associated with unmanned flying vehicles, but autonomous watercraft are also becoming useful tools for jobs ranging from scientific exploration to law enforcement to searching for a missing airliner in the Indian Ocean. VOA’s George Putic reports on sea-faring drones.
Video

Video New Earth-Size Planet Found

Not too big, not too small. Not too hot, not too cold. A newly discovered planet looks just right for life as we know it, according to an international group of astronomers. VOA’s Steve Baragona has more.
Video

Video Copts in Diaspora Worry About Future in Egypt

Around 10 percent of Egypt’s population belong to the Coptic faith, making them the largest Christian minority in the Middle East. But they have become targets of violence since the revolution three years ago. With elections scheduled for May and the struggle between the Egyptian military and Islamists continuing, many Copts abroad are deeply worried about the future of their ancient church. VOA religion correspondent Jerome Socolovsky visited a Coptic church outside Washington DC.
Video

Video Critics Say Venezuelan Protests Test Limits of Military's Support

During the two months of deadly anti-government protests that have rocked the oil-rich nation of Venezuela, President Nicolas Maduro has accused the opposition of trying to initiate a coup. Though a small number of military officers have been arrested for allegedly plotting against the government, VOA’s Brian Padden reports the leadership of the armed forces continues to support the president, at least for now.
Video

Video More Millenials Unplug to Embrace Board Games

A big new trend in the U.S. toy industry has more consumers switching off their high-tech gadgets to play with classic toys, like board games. This is especially true among the so-called millenial generation - those born in the 1980's and 90's. Elizabeth Lee has more from an unusual café in Los Angeles, where the new trend is popular and business is booming.
Video

Video Google Buys Drone Company

In its latest purchase of high-tech companies, Google has acquired a manufacturer of solar-powered drones that can stay in the air almost indefinitely, relaying broadband Internet connection to remote areas. It is seen as yet another step in the U.S. based Web giant’s bid to bring Internet to the whole world. VOA’s George Putic reports.
AppleAndroid