News / Health

    Study: Natural Protein Reduces Brain Damage Caused by Stroke

    Appears to be effective up to 12 hours after a stroke occurs

    Scientists were able to protect the brains of mice with an injection of a naturally-occurring  protein called a-beta-crystallin.
Researchers believe the protein might limit damage in human stroke patients, too.
    Scientists were able to protect the brains of mice with an injection of a naturally-occurring protein called a-beta-crystallin. Researchers believe the protein might limit damage in human stroke patients, too.
    Art Chimes

    A protein which occurs naturally in the body reduces brain lesions caused by a stroke, according to a new study.

    The protein is called alpha-B-crystallin and, in mice, appears to be effective up to 12 hours after a stroke occurs.

    Stroke is one of the world's top killers, and a leading cause of disability. According to the World Health Organization, 15 million people suffer a stroke each year. One-third of them die, and another third are permanently disabled. Treatment options have been limited.

    In most cases of stroke, a blood vessel in the brain becomes clogged, cutting off the supply of oxygen and nutrients to brain tissue. Within a short time, brain tissue begins to die.

    The only treatment is a clot-buster called tissue plasminogen activator, or tPA. But it is only useful when given in the first hours after a stroke. Also, tPA doesn't work against the next part of a stroke event, when immune system cells rush in to protect the brain but actually promote dangerous inflammation.

    "In any individual person, the inflammatory component may make up as much as twice the degree of injury as the initial damage," says Dr. Gary Steinberg of Stanford University's medical school and co-senior author of the study.

    A few years ago, Steinberg and his colleagues found that a naturally-occurring protein called alpha-beta-crystallin could reduce brain damage in multiple sclerosis patients. They thought it might also prevent brain damage in stroke victims.

    To find out, they first used two groups of laboratory mice - normal mice whose bodies make the protein, and a special variety that does not produce the protein. They induced strokes in both groups of mice, but the strokes were much worse in the mice bred not to produce the alpha-beta-crystallin.

    "We then delivered the same protein or molecule, a-beta-crystallin, into the mice through an injection and found that we could protect the brains of the mice further by giving additional a-beta-crystallin," Steinberg said.

    That suggests that the protein might be used to limit the damage in human stroke patients, too.

    Steinberg says using alpha-beta-crystallin could represent a unique approach to stroke treatment.

    "I think that's what's exciting about it. It's basically utilizing an endogenous or native mechanism that we think is present in stroke victims already, but it's not robust enough, and we are augmenting it, and it attacks the inflammatory component, which is unique."

    Steinberg says more animal tests are needed before they can move on to human trials.

    You May Like

    Top US General: Turkish Media Report ‘Absurd'

    General Dunford rejects ‘irresponsible' claims of coup involvement by former four-star Army General Campbell, who led NATO forces in Afghanistan before retiring earlier this year

    Video Saving Ethiopian Children Thought to Be Cursed

    'Omo Child' looks at efforts of one African man to stop killings of ‘mingi’ children

    Protests Over Western Troops Threaten Libyan 'Unity' Government

    Fears mount that Islamist foes of ‘unity' government plan to declare a revolutionaries' council in Tripoli

    This forum has been closed.
    Comments
         
    There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    London’s Financial Crown at Risk as Rivals Eye Brexit Opportunitiesi
    X
    VOA News
    July 25, 2016 5:09 PM
    By most measures, London rivals New York as the only true global financial center. But Britain’s vote to leave the European Union – so-called ‘Brexit’ – means the city could lose its right to sell services tariff-free across the bloc, risking its position as Europe’s financial headquarters. Already some banks have said they may shift operations to the mainland. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
    Video

    Video London’s Financial Crown at Risk as Rivals Eye Brexit Opportunities

    By most measures, London rivals New York as the only true global financial center. But Britain’s vote to leave the European Union – so-called ‘Brexit’ – means the city could lose its right to sell services tariff-free across the bloc, risking its position as Europe’s financial headquarters. Already some banks have said they may shift operations to the mainland. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
    Video

    Video Recycling Lifeline for Lebanon’s Last Glassblowers

    In a small Lebanese coastal town, one family is preserving a craft that stretches back millennia. The art of glass blowing was developed by Phoenicians in the region, and the Khalifehs say they are the only ones keeping the skill alive in Lebanon. But despite teaming up with an eco-entrepreneur and receiving an unexpected boost from the country’s recent trash crisis the future remains uncertain. John Owens reports from Sarafand.
    Video

    Video Migrants Continue to Risk Lives Crossing US Border from Mexico

    In his speech Thursday before the Republican National Convention, the party’s presidential candidate, Donald Trump, reiterated his proposal to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border if elected. Polls show a large percentage of Americans support better control of the nation's southwestern border, but as VOA’s Greg Flakus reports from the border town of Nogales in the Mexican state of Sonora, the situation faced by people trying to cross the border is already daunting.
    Video

    Video In State of Emergency, Turkey’s Erdogan Focuses on Spiritual Movement

    The state of emergency that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has declared is giving him even more power to expand a purge that has seen an estimated 60,000 people either arrested or suspended from their jobs. VOA Europe correspondent Luis Ramirez reports from Istanbul.
    Video

    Video Calm the Waters: US Doubles Down Diplomatic Efforts in ASEAN Meetings

    The United States is redoubling diplomatic efforts and looking to upcoming regional meetings to calm the waters after an international tribunal invalidated the legal basis of Beijing's extensive claims in the South China Sea. VOA State Department correspondent Nike Ching has the story.
    Video

    Video Four Brother Goats Arrive in Brooklyn on a Mission

    While it's unusual to see farm animals in cities, it's become familiar for residents of Brooklyn, New York, to see a little herd of goats. Unlike gas-powered mowing equipment, goats remove invasive weeds quietly and without adding more pollution to the air. As Faiza Elmasry tells us, this is a pilot program and if it proves to be successful, the goat gardener program will be extended to other areas of New York. Faith Lapidus narrates.
    Video

    Video Scientists in Poland Race to Save Honeybees

    Honeybees are in danger worldwide. Causes of what's known as colony collapse disorder range from pesticides and loss of habitat to infections. But scientists in Poland say they are on track to finding a cure for one of the diseases. VOA’s George Putic reports.
    Video

    Video Wall Already Runs Along Parts of US-Mexico Border

    The Republican Party’s presidential nominee, Donald Trump, gained the support of many voters by saying he would build a wall to keep undocumented immigrants and drugs from coming across the border from Mexico. Critics have called his idea impractical and offensive to Mexico, while supporters say such a bold approach is needed to control the border. VOA’s Greg Flakus has more from the border town of Nogales, Arizona.
    Video

    Video New HIV Tests Emphasize Rapid Results

    As the global fight against AIDS intensifies, activists have placed increasing importance on getting people to know their HIV status. Some companies are developing new HIV testing methods designed to be quick, easy and accurate. Thuso Khumalo looks at the latest methods, presented at the International AIDS conference in Durban, South Africa.
    Video

    Video African Youth with HIV Urge More Support

    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is the top killer of teens in sub-Saharan Africa. But many youths say their experience with the virus is unique and needs to be addressed differently than the adult epidemic. VOA South African Correspondent Anita Powell reports.
    Video

    Video Pop-Up Art Comes to Your Living Room, Backyard and Elsewhere

    Around the world, independent artists and musicians wrestle with a common problem: where to exhibit or perform? Traditional spaces such as museums and galleries are reserved for bigger names, and renting a space is not feasible for many. Enter ArtsUp, which connects artists with venue owners. Whether it’s a living room, restaurant, office or even a boat, pop-up events are bringing music and art to unexpected places. Tina Trinh has more.
    Video

    Video Scotland’s Booming Whisky Industry Fears Brexit Hangover

    After Britain’s vote to leave the European Union, Scotland’s government wants to break away from the United Kingdom – fearing the nation’s exports are at risk. Among the biggest of these is whisky. Henry Ridgwell reports on a time of turmoil for those involved in the ancient art of distilling Scotland’s most famous product.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora