News / USA

US Faces Criticism for Climate Financing Push at Durban

South Africa's Nkoana Mashabane newly elected President of COP 17, speaks during the climate conference opening ceremony held in the city of Durban, South Africa, November 28, 2011.
South Africa's Nkoana Mashabane newly elected President of COP 17, speaks during the climate conference opening ceremony held in the city of Durban, South Africa, November 28, 2011.
Gabe Joselow

The United States' major agenda at this year's U.N. climate summit in Durban, South Africa (COP 17) has been to promote new systems to finance projects that combat or mitigate the effects of climate change.  But the U.S. position at the talks has not been well-received.  

One of the major issues being considered this year at the COP 17 climate summit is the implementation of a Green Climate Fund (GCF).

The idea, agreed to at the previous climate summit in Cancun, Mexico, is to raise funds to help developing nations reduce emissions and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.

Most of the countries on the committee that designed the fund agreed on the terms at a meeting in October, except for the United States and Saudi Arabia, which raised objections.

The U.S. deputy special envoy for climate change, Jonathan Pershing, says that one of the issues for the United States is how the fund will be financed.

"In our view, one of the really big new developments in climate financing is going to be private sector investment, and you want a fund like this to leverage investment as effectively as possible," said Pershing.  "At the moment, it doesn't do it as well as it could.  We think some shifts in the language could open up a door for that really large-scale financing that we'd like."

The GCF would be the major component of the deal reached in Cancun to raise $100 billion by 2020 to fund climate projects.

In its current form, the GCF already allows private sector investment.  Some groups are concerned that opening up a specific "private sector window" could create problems.

Sasanka Thilikasiri, an international policy advisor for the humanitarian aid group Oxfam, says it is important that private firms be held accountable.

"The private sector has a role to play, don't get us wrong - they have incredible amount of capital that they can invest in the right way.  But it's investing it in the right way, and there's concern that, if there's a specific private sector window, it would give private sector direct access to certain projects. And when we talk about climate financing it's absolutely important that it's got to go through the GCF itself and have country determination on how that money's going to be spent," said Thilikasiri.

Oxfam's American chapter recently signed a letter to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, along with 15 other organizations, expressing concern about U.S. policy at the climate talks.  One of the concerns was that U.S. objections to the Green Climate Fund could stall its implementation.

It also urged U.S. negotiators to be more flexible in their refusal to accept a legally binding commitment to cut greenhouse gas emissions, including the agreement laid out in the Kyoto Protocol.

The criticism of the U.S. position is nothing new.  The world's historically biggest polluter has historically been lambasted at U.N. climate conferences, including COP 17 in Durban.

Asked about the seemingly open hostility towards the United States at past and present meetings, Pershing says the trouble is communication.

"I'm always struck by, in these conversations, is when you dig in, you find people are enormously interested in working with the U.S., who find the U.S. to be a really powerful force for good.  But we have a lack of ability to convey those stories well," noted Pershing.

Pershing had just participated in a presentation at the U.S. pavilion in Durban, outlining U.S. involvement in the Fast Start climate financing program launched at the U.N. summit in Copenhagen two years ago.

The program supports forestry, energy and adaptation projects around the world.  And the U.S. recently revealed it had raised over $3 billion for the program this year, compared to $2 billion the year before.

You May Like

Video On the Scene: In Gaza, Darkness Brings Dread and Death

Palestinians fear nighttime raids, many feel abandoned by outside world, VOA's Scott Bobb reports More

African Small Farmers Could Be Key to Ending Food Insecurity

Experts say providing access to microloans, crop insurance, better storage facilities, irrigation, road systems and market information could enable greater production More

University of Michigan Wins Solar Car Race

Squad guided its student-designed solar-powered vehicle to fifth consecutive time victory in eight-day bi-annual American Solar Challenge More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Vietnamese Staging Chinese Product Boycott After Oil Rig Spati
X
Reasey Poch
July 28, 2014 7:18 PM
China recently pulled an oil rig from an area of the disputed South China Sea that Vietnam also claims. Despite the action, the incident has had a lingering effect on consumers in Vietnam. VOA's Reasey Poch reports from Hanoi on an effort to boycott Chinese products.
Video

Video Vietnamese Staging Chinese Product Boycott After Oil Rig Spat

China recently pulled an oil rig from an area of the disputed South China Sea that Vietnam also claims. Despite the action, the incident has had a lingering effect on consumers in Vietnam. VOA's Reasey Poch reports from Hanoi on an effort to boycott Chinese products.
Video

Video ESA Spacecraft to Land on a Comet

After a long flight through deep space, a European Space Agency probe is finally approaching its target -- a comet millions of kilometers away from earth. Scientists say the mission may lead to some startling discoveries about the origins of the water on earth. VOA’s George Putic has more.
Video

Video Young Africans Arrive in US for Leadership Program

President Barack Obama's Young African Leadership Initiative has brought hundreds of young Africans to the United States for a six-week program aimed at building their knowledge and skills in fields such as public administration and business. Out of the 50,000 young Africans who applied for the program, just one percent was accepted. VOA's Laurel Bowman caught up with some of those who made the cut and has this report.
Video

Video In Honduras, Amnesty Rumors Fuel US Migration Surges

False rumors in Central America are fueling the current surge of undocumented young people being apprehended at the U.S. border. The inaccurate claims suggest the U.S. will give amnesty to young migrants from the region. As VOA's Brian Padden reports from Honduras, these rumors trace back to President Obama's 2012 executive order to halt deportations for some young undocumented immigrants already living in the United States.
Video

Video Students in Business for Themselves

They're only high school students, but they are making accessories for shoes, fabricating backpacks and doing product photography - all through their own businesses. It's the result of a partnership between a non-profit organization that teaches entrepreneurship and their schools. VOA's Mike O'Sullivan and Deyane Moses met the budding entrepreneurs near Los Angeles.
Video

Video Astronauts Train in Underwater Lab

In the world’s only underwater laboratory, four U.S. astronauts train for a planned visit to an asteroid. The lab - called Aquarius- is located five kilometers off Key Largo, in southern Florida. Living in close quarters and making excursions only into the surrounding ocean, they try to simulate the daily routine of a crew that will someday travel to collect samples of a rock orbiting far away from earth. VOA’s George Putic has more.

AppleAndroid