News / Asia

US Slams Chinese Oil Rig Move Amid Vietnam Protests

FILE - A China National Offshore Oil Corporation's (CNOOC) oil rig.
FILE - A China National Offshore Oil Corporation's (CNOOC) oil rig.
Reuters
The United States on Tuesday sharply criticized the movement of a huge Chinese oil rig that Vietnam says has entered its waters, the latest show of Beijing's growing assertiveness to raise alarm among smaller countries in the region.

The Vietnamese accusation came days after U.S. President Barack Obama visited Asia to underline his commitment to allies there, including Japan and the Philippines who are themselves locked in territorial disputes with China.cv

Obama, promoting a strategic "pivot" toward the Asia-Pacific region, also visited South Korea and Malaysia, but not China.

Vietnam has condemned the operation of the deepwater drilling rig in what it says are its waters in the South China Sea, and told China's state-run oil company to remove it.

In Washington, U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki told reporters: "Given the recent history of tensions in the South China Sea, China's decision to operate its oil rig in disputed waters is provocative and unhelpful to the maintenance of peace and stability in the region."

"These events point to the need for claimants to clarify their claims in accordance with international law, and reach an agreement ... about what types of activities should be permissible within disputed areas," she added.

Vietnam also protested the move.

"Vietnam cannot accept this and resolutely protests this action by China," the foreign ministry said on its website, summarizing comments by Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Pham Binh Minh, who spoke to his Chinese counterpart by telephone on Tuesday.

"We request China pulls out the ... rig and all vessels from this area ... Vietnam will take all suitable and necessary measures to protect our legitimate rights and interests."

A ministry official said the two countries had been in direct talks about the issue since Sunday, but did not say how China had responded to Vietnam's requests. China has said the rig was operating completely within its waters.

Daniel Russel, Assistant U.S. Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, said the United States was looking into the matter, but urged caution from all sides.

"We believe that it is critically important for each of the claimant countries to exercise care and restraint," he told Reuters during a visit to Hong Kong ahead of a previously scheduled trip to Hanoi on Wednesday.

"The global economy is too fragile and regional stability is too important to be put at risk over short term economic advantage."

China claims almost the entire oil- and gas-rich South China Sea, rejecting rival claims to parts of it from Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei. It also has a separate maritime dispute with Japan.

Exclusion zone

Its claims coincide with growing diplomatic and military influence in the region and have raised fears of possible conflict.

The Maritime Safety Administration of China (MSAC) announced on its website on Saturday that all vessels should keep one mile (1.6 km) away from the rig, called the Haiyang Shiyou 981. It expanded that to three miles on Monday.

The $1 billion rig is owned by China's state-run CNOOC oil company and it had been drilling south of Hong Kong.

On Sunday, Vietnam said the coordinates of the rig put it in Vietnam's exclusive economic zone and on its continental shelf, about 120 nautical miles off its coast.

But, like other Asian nations involved in territorial disputes with China, Vietnam appears to have limited options when dealing with the emerging superpower.

The Philippines said last month that the United States had a treaty obligation to help in case of an attack on its territory or armed forces in the South China Sea, although Obama did not say categorically that Washington would do so.

In 1992, Vietnam sent naval vessels into an area where China signed a contract with a U.S. firm to develop oil and natural gas in what it said were its waters.

"From 1992 until now, I haven't seen any action from Vietnam stronger than that," said a Vietnamese academic who specializes in South China Sea affairs.

"My guess is either this action from China is to send a message to the United States after Obama's Asia visit, or to direct the community to this topic to distract them from the terror in Xinjiang."

China's nervousness about Islamist militancy has grown since a car burst into flames on the edge of Beijing's Tiananmen Square in October and 29 people were stabbed to death in March in the southwestern city of Kunming.

The government blamed militants from the far-western region of Xinjiang for both attacks.

China routinely sends patrols into the South China Sea, mostly involving the coast guard and civilian maritime protection force rather than the navy.

But the positioning of such a large structure in disputed waters was seen by some analysts as a significant escalation in the dispute.

Singapore-based South China Sea expert Ian Storey said the rig movement risked a "potentially very dangerous scenario."

"There have been standoffs with survey ships in the past, but this is something new," said Storey of the Institute of South East Asian Studies.

"There's been a great deal of speculation about how China would use this expensive new rig and it seems we now have the answer. It puts Vietnam in a very difficult position.

"They will have to respond to a challenge to their sovereignty, and when they do, China will be sure to make a counter move, so we are in a situation where a potentially very dangerous scenario could unfold," he said.

China's Global Times, an influential tabloid published by the ruling Communist Party's official People's Daily, wrote in an editorial on Tuesday that China should show a "firm attitude" toward Vietnam.

"China follows a moderate policy. But no country can always show a smiling face to the world. China shouldn't be angered easily, but if its interests are infringed upon, a strong retaliatory move should be expected," it said.

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Comments
     
by: Shiyouhi from: Việt Nam
May 14, 2014 1:45 PM
Shansha is the new city of China? Where is it? It might be the new islands that we disputed Saigon Government in 1974.We are sons of God so we could do everythings! Ha ha ha...

by: Davis T from: Vietnam
May 14, 2014 1:23 PM
What is the call Shanxxa ? The thing was named just several years ago! What is the call "cooporate for exploitting... but vietnam to refuse...". A man came into your home and said " you exploit your home too much (tons ...)and too long,we cooporate for exploit your home now!!!. You should laugh or cry?agree or not? The Oil rig YJ981 set in 119 miles from Coat of Việt Nam ( belong to EEZ of Việt Nam). 10km from shan..xxx? Infact,the call is shan...xxx is the Paracel islands (Hoang Sa islands) that was invaded by china in 1974. All ancient maps ( china & another countries) confirmed the Paracel ilands belong to Việt Nam! Hainan is the end of china territory!

by: Negishabi from: Canada
May 11, 2014 12:02 PM
Please note that Vietnam set up oil rigs and extracted tons and tons oil and gas from disputed waters with China many years ago, without caring about Chinese protest. Actually China want to cooperate with Vietnam for exploring, but Vietnam refused to cooperate. Even now, Vietnam is extracting huge amount of oil and gas from disputed waters with China. China just set up a rig without getting any oil yet. Moreover, the oil rig is only tens of km from sansha city of China, but more than 200 km from Vietnam. The report is not clear enough about the truth.

by: lincon from: east
May 06, 2014 9:12 PM
Can the reporter read some history about south china sea before writing this kind of article? If you tell the truth of South china sea, U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki may not make a stupid comment about the topic.
In Response

by: This report is fine.
May 10, 2014 9:45 AM
The reporter is simply reporting what are happening. It is not an editorial or an opinion piece.
In Response

by: fairplayall
May 07, 2014 2:08 AM
US need to protect weak countris and also show US power and prevent some growing up countries, Why not Obama?

by: Davis K. Thanjan from: New York
May 06, 2014 8:10 PM
Vietnam has got a good friend, the U.S. President Obama, to make announcements and pronouncements in support of Vietnam or any other country. But the proof of the pudding is not in the announcements and pronouncements, but in action. President Obama is notorious to hide behind his pronouncements, announcements, promises, red lines and warnings to defend any country. No country can rely on this President who damaged the international relationship of the US with weaker countries. The credibility of the US and President Obama is questionable with reference to helping nations and oppressed people. He is the most lethargic US President to face the challenges from China, Russia, North Korea, Iran and Syria. But there is no dearth in his friendly visits to countries subjected to security threats from the above totalitarian countries. President Obama has no concrete foreign policy. No one knows the principles or basis of the US foreign policy and the policy of President Obama in international affairs.

by: sam walton from: houston
May 06, 2014 8:00 PM
Watch out for new world leader! China has ignored the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/unclos_e.pdf

USA send a warning message to China:
“The United States has a national interest in freedom of navigation, open access to Asia’s maritime commons and respect for international law in the South China Sea,” Mrs. Clinton said.
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/24/world/asia/24diplo.html

However, with new carrier and modernized Army and Navy China has ignored USA warning by continue build up military
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-04-23/china-defies-obama-s-slow-asia-pivot-with-rapid-military-buildup.html

USA may have to use the economy card to punish China by limiting or stop investment in manufacturing in China.

Most of products from Walmart, Caterpillar, Nike, Apple, Gap, and others are made in China just names few...while we have millions of American receiving unemployment benefits???

Are we pay (invest) to China so that we would lost our manufacturing jobs and indirectly promoting the Chinese to be our new world leader?

Shameful? ignorance? or naive?
In Response

by: remie from: canada
May 08, 2014 7:32 AM
@peter(chinese),
What a bunch of horse poo poo. So Any country who doesnt want to apply UNCLOS law , they just cause dispute,claiming it is their waters because of "fake" history . Then BINGO I just bypass UNCLOS. Stop making up excuses and not be bias. When your wrong your wrong.

In Response

by: Peter from: USA
May 07, 2014 1:40 PM
Your link is broken and I read the UNCLOS. Since it is disputed territory. UNCLOS cannot be applied until the dispute is settled. Somehow this point always escape those who utter UNCLOS is violated from Vietnam or Philippine posters. Apparently, people like you do that too

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