News / Africa

    US: South Sudan Separation a 'Fragile Moment'

    Southern Sudanese security forces watch over an independence rehearsal procession in Juba, South Sudan, July 7, 2011
    Southern Sudanese security forces watch over an independence rehearsal procession in Juba, South Sudan, July 7, 2011

    U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice says Saturday’s ceremonies marking the independence of South Sudan are historic events, but also a fragile moment, fraught with problems.  Rice will lead a high-level U.S. delegation to the July 9 festivities in the southern capital, Juba.

    Rice’s comments reflect the cautious attitude of the Obama administration about the Juba events, which occur with major elements of Sudan’s 2005 north-south Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) still unresolved.

    The U.N. envoy and cabinet member will head a bipartisan U.S. delegation that includes former Secretary of State Colin Powell, a key figure in CPA negotiations, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Johnnie Carson and U.S. envoy to Sudan Princeton Lyman.

    At a press event Thursday, Rice listed outstanding CPA issues, including the disputed status of Abyei and other north-south border areas, citizenship issues in those regions, and a mechanism to share oil revenues between the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the soon-to-be Republic of South Sudan.

    “We believe the parties need to urgently resolve these remaining issues," said Rice.  "In the meantime, it’s critical that the parties cooperate on such key issues as oil and citizenship in order to avoid major economic shocks or social upheaval.  Allowing these issues - including the final status of Abyei - to linger without resolution for any length of time could swiftly destabilize the future relationship between these two states.”

    Rice lamented the insistence of the Khartoum government that U.N. peacekeeping troops leave the violence-torn border region of Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile state, and other border areas by July 9.  She said that extending the peacekeeping presence is vital to support ceasefire efforts and protect civilians, and that intensive diplomacy is underway at the United Nations to try to persuade Khartoum to drop its demand.

    Rice and Assistant Secretary of State Carson denied giving the emerging new southern state preferential treatment over Khartoum and said a “roadmap” to normal U.S. relations with Sudan remains on the table, if Khartoum fully implements the CPA.

    Carson said the United States wants good relations with both states and wants them to be viable and good neighbors to one another.

    “The long-term political and economic success of the south is dependent upon having a strong, politically stable and economically viable partner in the north," Carson said.  "And the long-term viability of Khartoum’s government is dependent upon having a politically stable and economically prosperous partner in the south.  Both of these countries will, in fact, remain very, very dependent upon one another for a long period of time.”

    The American delegation in Juba will attend a ribbon-cutting ceremony in which the U.S. diplomatic mission in the south will be officially transformed into a full embassy.

    The deputy administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Donald Steinberg, said the United States will host a conference in Washington in September to promote South Sudan as an investment destination.

    He said the new country, which has major oil resources, does not need a large inflow of foreign aid, but that it does require help in developing an open, corruption-free economy.

    Steinberg said the Washington meeting will not be part of a pledging conference, but he indicated that the United States will announce a new developmental aid package for the south exceeding the $300 million provided during the past year.

    You May Like

    Video Migrants Continue to Risk Lives Crossing US Border From Mexico

    In remote areas of the Sonoran Desert, which straddles the US-Mexico, thousands of migrants face arid desolation

    Video Recycling is Lifeline for Lebanon’s Last Glassblowers

    It's an ancient craft that stretches back millennia - but despite Lebanon’s trash crisis providing a lifeline, remaining glass blowers face an uncertain future

    Meet the Alleged Killer of Cambodia’s Kem Ley

    What little is known about former soldier, troublesome Buddhist monk and indebted gambler, raises more questions than answers

    This forum has been closed.
    Comments
         
    There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

    By the Numbers

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    London’s Financial Crown at Risk as Rivals Eye Brexit Opportunitiesi
    X
    VOA News
    July 25, 2016 5:09 PM
    By most measures, London rivals New York as the only true global financial center. But Britain’s vote to leave the European Union – so-called ‘Brexit’ – means the city could lose its right to sell services tariff-free across the bloc, risking its position as Europe’s financial headquarters. Already some banks have said they may shift operations to the mainland. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
    Video

    Video London’s Financial Crown at Risk as Rivals Eye Brexit Opportunities

    By most measures, London rivals New York as the only true global financial center. But Britain’s vote to leave the European Union – so-called ‘Brexit’ – means the city could lose its right to sell services tariff-free across the bloc, risking its position as Europe’s financial headquarters. Already some banks have said they may shift operations to the mainland. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
    Video

    Video Recycling Lifeline for Lebanon’s Last Glassblowers

    In a small Lebanese coastal town, one family is preserving a craft that stretches back millennia. The art of glass blowing was developed by Phoenicians in the region, and the Khalifehs say they are the only ones keeping the skill alive in Lebanon. But despite teaming up with an eco-entrepreneur and receiving an unexpected boost from the country’s recent trash crisis the future remains uncertain. John Owens reports from Sarafand.
    Video

    Video Migrants Continue to Risk Lives Crossing US Border from Mexico

    In his speech Thursday before the Republican National Convention, the party’s presidential candidate, Donald Trump, reiterated his proposal to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border if elected. Polls show a large percentage of Americans support better control of the nation's southwestern border, but as VOA’s Greg Flakus reports from the border town of Nogales in the Mexican state of Sonora, the situation faced by people trying to cross the border is already daunting.
    Video

    Video In State of Emergency, Turkey’s Erdogan Focuses on Spiritual Movement

    The state of emergency that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has declared is giving him even more power to expand a purge that has seen an estimated 60,000 people either arrested or suspended from their jobs. VOA Europe correspondent Luis Ramirez reports from Istanbul.
    Video

    Video Calm the Waters: US Doubles Down Diplomatic Efforts in ASEAN Meetings

    The United States is redoubling diplomatic efforts and looking to upcoming regional meetings to calm the waters after an international tribunal invalidated the legal basis of Beijing's extensive claims in the South China Sea. VOA State Department correspondent Nike Ching has the story.
    Video

    Video Four Brother Goats Arrive in Brooklyn on a Mission

    While it's unusual to see farm animals in cities, it's become familiar for residents of Brooklyn, New York, to see a little herd of goats. Unlike gas-powered mowing equipment, goats remove invasive weeds quietly and without adding more pollution to the air. As Faiza Elmasry tells us, this is a pilot program and if it proves to be successful, the goat gardener program will be extended to other areas of New York. Faith Lapidus narrates.
    Video

    Video Scientists in Poland Race to Save Honeybees

    Honeybees are in danger worldwide. Causes of what's known as colony collapse disorder range from pesticides and loss of habitat to infections. But scientists in Poland say they are on track to finding a cure for one of the diseases. VOA’s George Putic reports.
    Video

    Video Wall Already Runs Along Parts of US-Mexico Border

    The Republican Party’s presidential nominee, Donald Trump, gained the support of many voters by saying he would build a wall to keep undocumented immigrants and drugs from coming across the border from Mexico. Critics have called his idea impractical and offensive to Mexico, while supporters say such a bold approach is needed to control the border. VOA’s Greg Flakus has more from the border town of Nogales, Arizona.
    Video

    Video New HIV Tests Emphasize Rapid Results

    As the global fight against AIDS intensifies, activists have placed increasing importance on getting people to know their HIV status. Some companies are developing new HIV testing methods designed to be quick, easy and accurate. Thuso Khumalo looks at the latest methods, presented at the International AIDS conference in Durban, South Africa.
    Video

    Video African Youth with HIV Urge More Support

    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is the top killer of teens in sub-Saharan Africa. But many youths say their experience with the virus is unique and needs to be addressed differently than the adult epidemic. VOA South African Correspondent Anita Powell reports.
    Video

    Video Pop-Up Art Comes to Your Living Room, Backyard and Elsewhere

    Around the world, independent artists and musicians wrestle with a common problem: where to exhibit or perform? Traditional spaces such as museums and galleries are reserved for bigger names, and renting a space is not feasible for many. Enter ArtsUp, which connects artists with venue owners. Whether it’s a living room, restaurant, office or even a boat, pop-up events are bringing music and art to unexpected places. Tina Trinh has more.
    Video

    Video Scotland’s Booming Whisky Industry Fears Brexit Hangover

    After Britain’s vote to leave the European Union, Scotland’s government wants to break away from the United Kingdom – fearing the nation’s exports are at risk. Among the biggest of these is whisky. Henry Ridgwell reports on a time of turmoil for those involved in the ancient art of distilling Scotland’s most famous product.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora