News / Africa

US: South Sudan Separation a 'Fragile Moment'

Southern Sudanese security forces watch over an independence rehearsal procession in Juba, South Sudan, July 7, 2011
Southern Sudanese security forces watch over an independence rehearsal procession in Juba, South Sudan, July 7, 2011

U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice says Saturday’s ceremonies marking the independence of South Sudan are historic events, but also a fragile moment, fraught with problems.  Rice will lead a high-level U.S. delegation to the July 9 festivities in the southern capital, Juba.

Rice’s comments reflect the cautious attitude of the Obama administration about the Juba events, which occur with major elements of Sudan’s 2005 north-south Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) still unresolved.

The U.N. envoy and cabinet member will head a bipartisan U.S. delegation that includes former Secretary of State Colin Powell, a key figure in CPA negotiations, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Johnnie Carson and U.S. envoy to Sudan Princeton Lyman.

At a press event Thursday, Rice listed outstanding CPA issues, including the disputed status of Abyei and other north-south border areas, citizenship issues in those regions, and a mechanism to share oil revenues between the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the soon-to-be Republic of South Sudan.

“We believe the parties need to urgently resolve these remaining issues," said Rice.  "In the meantime, it’s critical that the parties cooperate on such key issues as oil and citizenship in order to avoid major economic shocks or social upheaval.  Allowing these issues - including the final status of Abyei - to linger without resolution for any length of time could swiftly destabilize the future relationship between these two states.”

Rice lamented the insistence of the Khartoum government that U.N. peacekeeping troops leave the violence-torn border region of Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile state, and other border areas by July 9.  She said that extending the peacekeeping presence is vital to support ceasefire efforts and protect civilians, and that intensive diplomacy is underway at the United Nations to try to persuade Khartoum to drop its demand.

Rice and Assistant Secretary of State Carson denied giving the emerging new southern state preferential treatment over Khartoum and said a “roadmap” to normal U.S. relations with Sudan remains on the table, if Khartoum fully implements the CPA.

Carson said the United States wants good relations with both states and wants them to be viable and good neighbors to one another.

“The long-term political and economic success of the south is dependent upon having a strong, politically stable and economically viable partner in the north," Carson said.  "And the long-term viability of Khartoum’s government is dependent upon having a politically stable and economically prosperous partner in the south.  Both of these countries will, in fact, remain very, very dependent upon one another for a long period of time.”

The American delegation in Juba will attend a ribbon-cutting ceremony in which the U.S. diplomatic mission in the south will be officially transformed into a full embassy.

The deputy administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Donald Steinberg, said the United States will host a conference in Washington in September to promote South Sudan as an investment destination.

He said the new country, which has major oil resources, does not need a large inflow of foreign aid, but that it does require help in developing an open, corruption-free economy.

Steinberg said the Washington meeting will not be part of a pledging conference, but he indicated that the United States will announce a new developmental aid package for the south exceeding the $300 million provided during the past year.

You May Like

Obama Pledges 'Everything I Can' to Close Guantanamo

US president says prison continues 'to inspire jihadists and extremists around the world' More

Sierra Leone Educates on Safe Ebola Burials

Also, country is improving at rapid response to isolated outbreaks, but health workers need to be even faster, officials say More

Religion Aside, Christmas Gains Popularity in Communist Vietnam

Increasingly wealthy Vietnamese embrace Christmas precisely because of its non-religious glamor and commercial appeal More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
US Decision on Cuba Underscores Divisions Among Miami Cubansi
X
Sharon Behn
December 19, 2014 9:34 PM
For decades, older, more conservative Cubans have been gathering at Café Versailles on the corner of Calle Ocho to eat Cuban food and talk politics. After hearing of President Barack Obama’s decision, a number of them gathered in front of the café with posters to protest. VOA's Sharon Behn reports on the situation.
Video

Video US Decision on Cuba Underscores Divisions Among Miami Cubans

For decades, older, more conservative Cubans have been gathering at Café Versailles on the corner of Calle Ocho to eat Cuban food and talk politics. After hearing of President Barack Obama’s decision, a number of them gathered in front of the café with posters to protest. VOA's Sharon Behn reports on the situation.
Video

Video Three Cities Bid for Future Obama Presidential Library

President Barack Obama still has two years left in his term in office, but the effort to establish his post-presidential library is already underway. The bid for the Obama Presidential Library is down to four locations in three states -- New York, Hawaii, and Illinois. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, each of them played an important part in the president’s life before he reached the White House.
Video

Video Cuba Deal is Major Victory for Pope’s Diplomatic Initiatives

Pope Francis played a key role in brokering the US-Cuba deal that was made public earlier this week. It is the most stunning success so far in a series of peacemaking efforts by the pontiff. VOA religion reporter Jerome Socolovsky has more.
Video

Video Fears of More Political Gridlock in 2015

2014 proved to be a difficult year politically for President Barack Obama and a very good year for the U.S. Republican Party. Republican gains in the November midterm elections gave them control of the Senate and House of Representatives for the next two years -- setting the stage for more confrontation and gridlock in the final two years of the Obama presidency. VOA National Correspondent Jim Malone has a preview from Washington.
Video

Video Sudan School Becomes Target of Aerial Attacks

The school dropout rate is at an all-time high in Sudan's South Kordofan state because many schools have been destroyed during the three-year civil war between the government and SPLA-N rebel forces. Adam Bailes visited Sudan's Nuba Mountains' region and reports many children are simply too scared to go to school
Video

Video VOA Reporter Tours Devastated Peshawar School

Islamist militants wearing military uniforms and strapped with explosives attacked a military run school Tuesday in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar. At least 141 people were killed in the horrific attack, most of them young students. VOA reporter Ayaz Gul visited the devastated school and attended the funeral of the principal who courageously tried to save her students from the deadly attack.
Video

Video Nigerians Fleeing Boko Haram Languish in Camp Near Capital

In its five-year effort to impose Islamic law in northeastern Nigeria, the Boko Haram extremist group has killed thousands of people and forced hundreds of thousands to flee. Some of those who ran for their lives now live in squalor on the edges of the capital, Abuja. Chris Stein reports for VOA.
Video

Video Aceh Rebuilt Decade After Tsunami, But Scars Remain

On December 26, 2004 there was an earthquake in the Indian Ocean so powerful it caused the Earth’s axis to wobble a few centimeters. Onshore on the island of Sumatra, the resulting tsunami was devastating. A decade later, VOA Correspondent Steve Herman reports from Banda Aceh, Indonesia, where although there is little remaining evidence of the physical devastation, the psychological scars among survivors remain.

All About America

AppleAndroid