News / Health

Weight Loss Surgery Can Reverse Diabetes

Gastric bypass patients get sugar under control quickly

Research in gastric bypass surgery could lead to new treatments for diabetes.
Research in gastric bypass surgery could lead to new treatments for diabetes.

Multimedia

Audio
Art Chimes

Doctors often counsel patients with type 2 diabetes to lose weight. It's a proven way to manage the disease and reduce the risk of serious complications. But how you lose weight can make a difference.

Most people lose weight by eating less or exercising more, or both. But in severe cases, doctors sometimes recommend weight loss surgery. In the most common procedure, the surgeon removes part of the stomach and small intestine.

Gastric bypass surgery, as it's called, is highly effective, but weight loss isn't the only benefit.

Doctors who treat diabetes have known that patients who receive the surgery often get their blood sugar under control quickly - even before they lose weight.

Now, researchers think they are starting to understand why.

"What we've shown is that after gastric bypass surgery - that has been shown before actually - the levels of circulating amino acids decreased significantly." says researcher Blandine LaFerrère. "But what's novel here [is] that we did not see that in the diet group, although they lost the same amount of weight."

LaFerrère works at the New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, at a hospital affiliated with Columbia University.

The increase in these particular amino acids in patients that had the surgery signals that their metabolism has changed. But the details are still unclear.

"I think the hope of the research in gastric bypass surgery," she says, "is to develop new treatments, and those treatments would be based on a better understanding of what causes type 2 diabetes."

LaFerrère says many other researchers around the world are also working on the same problem.

"And I think when we're able to integrate all the clues and all the facts of the changes that occur after gastric bypass, we might be able to find some new clues and new help in the treatment of type 2 diabetes."

If researchers can understand exactly how weight loss surgery leads to better blood sugar control, even before the patient loses weight, they may be able to turn that knowledge into a medicine or other treatment that could help people with diabetes.

Blandine LaFerrère's research paper is published in the journal "Science Translational Medicine."

You May Like

Karzai's Legacy: Missed Opportunities?

Afghanistan's president leaves behind a much different nation than the one he inherited, yet his legacy from 13 years in power is getting mixed reviews More

Video Secret Service Chief Under Fire for White House Security Breach

Julia Pierson faces tough questions from lawmakers after recent intrusion at White House, says: 'It is clear that our security plan was not executed properly' More

Frustrated, Liberian Students Want Ebola Fight Role

Thousands have volunteered to go to counties, rural villages to talk to people in their language about deadly virus More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Malaysia Struggles to Stop People Joining Jihadi
X
Mahi Ramakrishnan
September 30, 2014 2:16 PM
Malaysian authorities say militant groups like the so-called "Islamic State" have used social media to entice at least three dozen Malaysian Muslims to fight in what they call "jihad" in Syria and Iraq. As Mahi Ramkrishnan reports from Kuala Lumpur, counterterrorism police are deeply worried about what could happen when these militants return home.
Video

Video Malaysia Struggles to Stop People Joining Jihad

Malaysian authorities say militant groups like the so-called "Islamic State" have used social media to entice at least three dozen Malaysian Muslims to fight in what they call "jihad" in Syria and Iraq. As Mahi Ramkrishnan reports from Kuala Lumpur, counterterrorism police are deeply worried about what could happen when these militants return home.
Video

Video Could US Have Done More to Stop Rise of Islamic State?

President Obama says airstrikes against Islamic State militants in Syria will likely continue for some time because, in his words, "there is a cancer that has grown for too long." So what if President Obama had acted sooner in Syria to arm more-moderate opponents of both the Islamic State and the Syrian government? VOA State Department Correspondent Scott Stearns reports from the United Nations.
Video

Video Treasure Hunters Seek 'Hidden Treasure' in Central Kenya

Could a cave in a small village in central Kenya be the site of buried treasure? A rumor of riches, left behind by colonialists, has some residents dreaming of wealth, while others see it as a dangerous hoax. VOA's Gabe Joselow has the story.
Video

Video Iran's Rouhani Skeptical on Syria Strikes

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani expressed skepticism Friday that U.S.-led airstrikes in Iraq and Syria could crush Islamic State militants. From New York, VOA’s Margaret Besheer reports the president was also hopeful that questions about Iran’s nuclear program could be resolved soon.
Video

Video US House Speaker: Congress Should Debate Authorization Against IS

As wave after wave of U.S. airstrikes target Islamic State militants, the speaker of the Republican-controlled House of Representatives says he would be willing to call Congress back into session to debate a formal, broad authorization for the use of military force. VOA’s Michael Bowman reports from Washington, where legislators left town 10 days ago for a seven-week recess.
Video

Video Ebola Patients Find No Treatment at Sierra Leone Holding Center

At a holding facility in Makeni, central Sierra Leone, dozens of sick people sit on the floor in an empty university building. They wait in filthy conditions. It's a 16-hour drive by ambulance to Kailahun Ebola treatment center. Adam Bailes was there and reports on what he says are some of the worst situations he has seen since the beginning of this Ebola outbreak. And he says it appears case numbers may already be far worse than authorities acknowledge.
Video

Video Identifying Bodies Found in Texas Border Region

Thousands of immigrants have died after crossing the border from Mexico into remote areas of the southwestern United States in recent years. Local officials in south Texas alone have found hundreds of unidentified bodies and buried them in mass graves in local cemeteries. Now an anthropologist and her students at Baylor University have been exhuming bodies and looking for clues to identify them. VOA’s Greg Flakus has more from Waco, Texas.
Video

Video Ebola Robs Liberians of Chance to Say Good-Bye to Loved Ones

In Liberia, where Ebola has killed more than 1,500 people, authorities have worked hard to convince people to allow specialized burial teams to take away dead bodies. But these safety measures, while necessary, make it hard for people to say good bye to their loved ones. VOA's Anne Look reports on the tragedy from Liberia.
Colonel Steve ‘Spiros’ Pisanos left Greece and came to the U.S. to learn to fly. He flew fighters for the Allies in World War II, narrowly escaping death multiple times.Colonel Steve ‘Spiros’ Pisanos left Greece and came to the U.S. to learn to fly. He flew fighters for the Allies in World War II, narrowly escaping death multiple times.

AppleAndroid