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US Diplomat Renews Push for South Sudan to Form Unity Government


Tibor P. Nagy, U.S. Assistant Secretary for African Affairs, gives a press conference in a room of the presidency of the Central African Republic, Jan. 20, 2020.

The top U.S. diplomat to Africa has renewed pressure on South Sudan's rival leaders to form a unity government ahead of a deadline next month.

Tibor Nagy said South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar should put aside disagreements that have delayed formation of a post-civil war unity government in the world's youngest country.

"There are a number of sticky issues still outstanding between the two principals in South Sudan; we know about those. ... And here’s the deal: If they try to, as we say, cross every 't' and dot every 'i,' who knows when they can get around to announcing a unity government?" said the diplomat.

Nagy, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for African affairs, said Kiir and Machar have no excuse to further push back the February 22 deadline agreed to late last year.

Leader of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM-IO) Riek Machar shakes hands with South Sudan's President Salva Kiir after a tripartite summit at the State House in Entebbe, Uganda, Nov. 7, 2019.
Leader of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM-IO) Riek Machar shakes hands with South Sudan's President Salva Kiir after a tripartite summit at the State House in Entebbe, Uganda, Nov. 7, 2019.

"I made the same pitch to both of the protagonists in the South Sudan scenario, because there is no reason why they cannot go ahead, form the unity government, and then agree to deal with those issues," he said.

Nagy spoke to reporters by telephone from Sudan's capital, Khartoum, Tuesday after wrapping up a trip that took him to the Central African Republic, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Ethiopia.

Nagy said the United States is talking with the new Sudanese administration to address challenges facing the transitional government in Khartoum after the ouster of President Omar al-Bashir last April. Nagy said it will take time for Sudan to normalize its ties with the U.S.

"We have to remember one thing; the new government has been in power in Sudan for approximately six months. What we’re talking about is not just the [SST] the state sponsor of terrorism, but it’s literally like peeling away an onion, because there are a number of restrictions on what we can and cannot do with Sudan," he said.

Nagy praised the Sudanese leaders for working very fast to form a transitional government.

He said the Trump administration is willing to work with the Sudanese. “We can sit down; we can address these issues. We have active negotiations going on in a number of areas. We are optimistic," he said.

Nagy said he is also hopeful the problems in South Sudan and other African countries can be solved.

"It is absolutely possible for South Sudan to have a peaceful transition this year," Nagy said. "It is absolutely possible for the Central African Republic to continue rebuilding the country, to have positive elections in December and there’s even a possibility for moving forward constructively in Somalia."

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    John Tanza

    John Tanza works out of VOA’s Washington headquarters and is the managing editor and host of the  South Sudan In Focus radio program.
    Before joining VOA, John worked in Nairobi, Kenya where he established the first independent radio station (Sudan Radio Service) for the people of Sudan. He has covered several civil wars both in Sudan and South Sudan and has been engaged in the production of civic education materials for creating awareness about post conflict issues facing Sudanese and South Sudanese. John has interviewed South Sudan President Salva Kiir, former Vice President Riek Machar, Vice President Wani Igga, leader of Sudan’s Umma Party Sadiq Al Mahdi in addition to other senior United Nations and U.S government officials in South Sudan and Washington. His travels have taken him across to Australia, New Zealand, Germany, Egypt, Ethiopia, Syria, DRC Congo and parts East Africa where he reported on the South Sudanese diaspora and the challenges facing them.
    A South Sudanese national, John enjoys listening to music from all over the world, reads academic books, watches documentaries and listens to various radio stations on the internet.  You can follow John on Twitter at @Abusukon