FILE - Newly arrived Sudanese refugees board buses to be taken to other camps in the area, in Yida, South Sudan, Feb. 20, 2018.
FILE - Newly arrived Sudanese refugees board buses to be taken to other camps in the area, in Yida, South Sudan, Feb. 20, 2018.

GENEVA - The U.N. refugee agency is appealing for $2.7 billion to assist more than two million refugees from South Sudan.  The refugees are living in bare-bones conditions in six neighboring countries, and funds to provide for their basic needs are running short. 

South Sudan is Africa’s largest refugee crisis and one of its most seriously under-funded.  The U.N. refugee agency reports its last appeal for $1.4 billion was only 38 percent funded.

It is urging donors to be more generous in supporting the current two-year appeal.  It says the money will provide desperately needed assistance to the refugees and the largely impoverished communities hosting them.

FILE - A South Sudanese soldier stands next to a machine gun mounted on a truck in Malakal town, northeast of Juba, South Sudan.
US Sanctions 3 Accused of Fueling S. Sudan Conflict 
The U.S. Treasury Department has imposed sanctions on three individuals it accuses of "expanding or extending" the conflict in South Sudan.    The Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) placed sanctions Friday on retired Israeli Maj. Gen. Israel Ziv, South Sudanese businessman Obac William Olawo and South Sudanese national Gregory Vasili.

The UNHCR notes the level of violence in South Sudan has gone down since the peace deal was signed in September after five years of brutal civil war.  Agency spokesman Charlie Yaxley tells VOA since then, there has been a significant decrease in the number of refugees fleeing South Sudan. 

“Currently, the numbers are around three to four thousand per month.  But when we compare that to last year, that is less than half of what we were seeing before," Yaxley said. "So, we have seen areas where people are fleeing from stabilizing to an extent.  There is still a long way to go with that.  UNHCR does not yet consider the situation in South Sudan to be conducive for people to start returning.” 

FILE - A woman holds her newborn baby in a nursery, while a newborn nearby is attached to a ventilator at Juba Teaching Hospital in Juba April 3, 2013. South Sudan has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world.
New Midwives, Some Male, Want to Reduce Maternal Mortality in South Sudan
More than 60 people graduated in Juba this week with diplomas in midwifery and nursing. Their goal?  To reduce South Sudan's high rate of maternal mortality. Eight men were among the 66 graduates of the Kajo Keji Health Science Institute — an unusual occurrence in South Sudan, where midwifery is associated almost exclusively with women. Samuel Ladu Morish, 26, says he felt he could no longer sit by and watch young women die because of childbirth. "A lot of mothers are dying so [for] me particularly…

Yaxley says lack of funds has forced aid agencies to make severe cuts in their humanitarian operations.  For instance, he says half of South Sudan’s refugee children are unable to go to school because of a shortage of teachers, classrooms, and educational material.  

He says there are not enough doctors, nurses, and medication to treat the ill.  He says lack of money has led to cuts in food rations for refugees in Ethiopia.

One of his agency’s primary concerns, he says, is to provide psycho-social counseling to women and children who have been raped and victimized by other forms of sexual and gender-based violence.  Because of the stigma attached to sexual assault, he says the extent of this abuse is hugely under-reported.