MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA - Muktar Muhammed is on the mic sending out a cheery "Good Morning" message.
“It’s Friday morning here at the university. I hope everyone had a pleasant week,” he crooned over the airwaves. Muhammed is a disc jockey at the University of Maiduguri’s radio station KANEM-FM, 97.7.
Students were still anxious from an attack earlier in the month in which Boko Haram terrorists invaded the city but were repelled by soldiers.
Muhammed said part of his job, along with playing hot tunes, was to keep students calm.
“We make it a point. We make it a priority to do that, to keep them positive. Of course, to try and stay relaxed, focused on their studies,” he told VOA.

Muktar Muhammed hosts a cheery morning broadcast o
Muktar Muhammed hosts a cheery morning broadcast on KANEM-FM, 97.7, the University of Maiduguri's radio station. (C. Oduah/VOA)

That’s because the University of Maiduguri sits in the very city where Boko Haram was formed and has continued to launch deadly attacks since 2009. Throughout Boko Haram’s nine-year war against the Nigerian government, the university was never attacked -- until January 2017.
Defying the threats, the campus is abuzz with students strolling and laughing with each other before summer vacation. More than 20,000 are enrolled, and the student population is growing.
Third-year student Tasiu Hassan is headed to class to make a presentation. He was on campus in January 2017 when a suicide bomber detonated an explosive, killing a professor. Later, Boko Haram released a video in which the group’s leader could be heard saying, “The bomb that exploded on Monday morning, it’s our brothers responsible for it.”

Students take their final exams at the computer sc
Students take their final exams at the computer science department. More than 20,000 students are enrolled at the University of Maiduguri. (C. Oduah/VOA)

“I found myself in a very terrible situation in such a way that I had even thought of going back home,” Hassan, from northern Nigeria, told VOA.
But he stayed, like many of his classmates. Since then, the university has been attacked at least 12 times by suicide bombers, university officials told VOA.
In July, suspected Boko Haram members kidnapped 10 members of the university’s geology and surveying department. They were later rescued by the Nigerian military.
VOA reached out to the geology lecturers for comment, but they declined.

Twenty-two-year-old Khadija Musa Haruna says she f
Twenty-two-year-old Khadija Musa Haruna says she feels safe at the university's campus, even though her parents worry about her and call often. (C. Oduah/VOA)

Defying terrorists

The University of Maiduguri is the most prestigious and largest public education institution in northeastern Nigeria. The students are defying Boko Haram’s message that condemns Western education as sinful. Local reports said some of the university’s students joined Boko Haram in its early days. School administrators could not confirm that allegation.

Throughout Boko Haram's insurgency, the university has not closed for a single day.

“To show how resilient we are, to show how much sacrifice we are making and that is the true reflection of the Maiduguri spirit -- we are here because we have a responsibility to keep the system going. Someone has to be around no matter how bad the situation is,” said Danjuma Gambo, a mass communication professor and the university’s spokesperson.

Students meet in their dorm rooms. They say the un
Students meet in their dorm room. They say the university provides ample security, requiring all entrants to show their IDs before they enter the dormitories. (C. Oduah/VOA)

Gambo said the university was too important to close, even for a day.  
“It’s serving many functions,” he said. “It contributes substantially to the local economy, to the business, to the finance, to even social activities in Maiduguri.”
That’s why city and state officials said they would do anything in their power to keep the university open.
The commissioner for the Borno State Ministry for Education, Musa Inuwa Kubo, told VOA the university is a source of pride.
“Most of us are products of that institution, and the resilience of the University of Maiduguri during the insurgency, ought to be commended by everybody,” he said.  

A 27-kilometer (17-mile) trench surrounds the east
A 27-kilometer (17-mile) trench surrounds the eastern perimeter of the university. The trench was dug in 2017, commissioned by the Borno State government. The trench is designed to slow down Boko Haram members who often invade cities on motorcycles. (C. Oduah/VOA)

The university is enormous. Approximately 27 kilometers (17 miles) of trenches line the campus perimeter, mainly the eastern side that faces Nigeria's border with Cameroon where many Boko Haram insurgents operate. The trench, commissioned in 2017 by the Borno State government, is a measure to slow incoming Boko Haram terrorists who usually invade the city in convoys of motorcycles.
Every day, sniffer dogs carry out inspections at two of the university’s entrances, searching for bomb chemicals and weapons. No other public Nigerian university in the region has this level of security.
It’s why Esther Clement continues to attend the university.
“Even though there is an insurgency, we are secured. Even before you come to the gate, the Gate 1, there are securities here and there. At the gate of the hostel, there is security," Clement said. "Even when there is bomb blast, they call us to calm us down. We don’t go out."

Police patrol the entrance gate of the university
Police patrol the entrance gate of the university with sniffer dogs. No other public university in northeastern Nigeria has this level of security. (C. Oduah/VOA)

She has one more year of studies before she will receive a degree in mass communication.
“I want to become a reporter, so I can inform people about Boko Haram,” she added.