South Sudan's oil minister says South Africa will invest $1 billion in the war-torn country's oil sector in what would be the largest investment in the East African country's history.
Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth confirmed Friday's signing of the memorandum of understanding (MOU) with South Africa's energy minister, Jeff Radebe. Radebe told state broadcaster SABC that both countries would benefit.
South Sudan has Africa's third-largest oil reserves, at 3.5 billion barrels, and it hopes increasing production will help the country recover in the wake of the signing of a peace deal two months ago.
One analyst warned that despite the signing, there was no guarantee the South African money would come through, though it would be “incredible” if it did. South Africa would join Chinese, Indian, Malaysian and other interests in South Sudan's oil sector.
The oil ministry said the South African money would be used for the refining and processing of oil and gas, research and development, and the transfer of technology. South Africa's Radebe said South Sudan had plans to build a refinery with “a capacity of 60,000 barrels of oil per day.''
Friday's announcement came shortly after South Sudan's second Africa Oil & Power Conference, the country's first major attempt to attract investors since the government and armed opposition signed the fragile peace deal in September. Past agreements have ended in fresh gunfire.
“This is an enormous show of confidence in South Sudan's potential,'' Guillaume Doane, CEO of Africa Oil & Power, which organized the conference, told the AP. “South Sudan needs investment capital and infrastructure. Working with South Africa on this level will give it both.''
On paper the deal looks incredible, said Shawn Robert Duthie, senior analyst for Africa Risk Consulting. “It would almost be like being one of the first to invest in Nigeria. That said, it's just an MOU, and agreements like this, the implementation will be very long.''
South Sudan's economy is one of the world's most dependent on oil revenues. Its oil sector has faced scrutiny for allegedly using the revenues to fuel the five-year civil war.