FILE - The Polisario Front soldiers drive a pick-up truck mounted with an anti-aircraft weapon at sunset in Bir Lahlou, Western Sahara, Sept 9, 2016.
FILE - The Polisario Front soldiers drive a pick-up truck mounted with an anti-aircraft weapon at sunset in Bir Lahlou, Western Sahara, Sept 9, 2016.

GENEVA - The U.N. envoy for the contested Western Sahara will convene talks in Switzerland later this week, seeking compromise after a first round in December that marked a return to the negotiating table for the first time in six years, a statement said.

United Nations efforts have repeatedly failed to broker a settlement over the desert territory, contested between Morocco and the Algerian-backed Polisario since Spain left in 1974.

U.N. envoy Horst Koehler said after talks in December that all sides had agreed to meet again in early 2019.

Khatri Addouh, leader of the Sahrawi delegation and Frente Polisario, arrives for a roundtable on Western Sahara at the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Dec. 5, 2018.
UN Hosts Meeting of Regional Envoys Over Western Sahara
The U.N. secretary-general's envoy for Western Sahara is meeting with foreign ministers from Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania plus leaders of the Polisario Front over the future of the Morocco-annexed territory. U.N. envoy Horst Koehler, a former German president, hosted a "round-table" discussion among the attendees at the first U.N.-hosted talks on the territory in six years, after meeting with them bilaterally earlier Wednesday. The U.N.

He has invited delegations from Morocco, the Frente Polisario, Algeria and Mauritania to the meeting in Switzerland set for March 21-22, a U.N. statement said.

“The meeting will take place in accordance with UN Security Council resolution 2440 as a further step in the political process toward reaching a just, lasting, and mutually acceptable political solution, which will provide for the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara,” it said.

“The purpose of the meeting is for delegations to start approaching elements needed for building an enduring solution based on compromise,” it added.

Moroccan soldiers are seen on an earth wall that separates areas controlled by Morocco and the Polisario Front in Western Sahara, Sept. 10, 2016.
UN Welcomes Moves to Restart Negotiations on Western Sahara
The U.N. Security Council has approved a resolution welcoming stepped up efforts to try to restart negotiations to end the 42-year conflict over the mineral-rich Western Sahara between Morocco and the Polisario Front. Morocco annexed Western Sahara in 1975 and fought the Polisario Front until the U.N. brokered a cease-fire in 1991.

Morocco has offered autonomy to Western Sahara, a thinly populated region that has rich fishing waters and phosphate deposits, and may also have oil and gas reserves.

The Polisario, which waged a low-intensity guerrilla war until a ceasefire in 1991, reject this and want a referendum, with independence for Western Sahara as one option.