Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula

  • Formed by a 2009 merger of al-Qaida's Yemen and Saudi branches
  • Plotted unsuccessful underwear bomb plot on Christmas Day 2009
  • Planned foiled plot to send mail bombs hidden in toner cartridges to the US in 2010
  • Established sanctuaries in Yemen, overrunning entire towns and villages
  • Led by Nasir al-Wahishi, former assistant to Osama bin Laden