The Iraqi government called on armed groups in the country to freeze activities after more than 50 people were killed and hundreds injured in fighting between rival Shi'ite groups in the holy city of Karbala earlier this week.  VOA's Sonja Pace reports from our Middle East bureau in Cairo. 

Friday prayers in Karbala took place amid an uneasy calm, just days after clashes between rival Shi'ite groups killed dozens, injured hundreds and sent hundreds of thousands of pilgrims fleeing the holy city. 

Two of Shi'ite Islam's holiest sites turned into a battlefield early in the week as police, predominantly affiliated with the Supreme Islamic Council of Iraq fought against gunmen linked to radical cleric Moqtada al Sadr.

Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, also a Shi'ite, traveled to Karbala and vowed to restore order.  And, Moqtada al Sadr later announced his militia would halt its activities for up to six months.

The Iraqi government and the United States welcomed the promise and called on other militias to follow suit.

Some Iraqi officials are downplaying the significance of the clashes in Karbala.  But, Middle East analyst, Joost Hiltermann from the International Crisis Group, describes the violence as primarily a class conflict, a long time in the making.

"It is a fight between the Shi'ite underclass, the jobless, the followers of Moqtada al Sadr and the middle class, represented by the Supreme Council as a political party, by Ayatollah Sistani as the senior Shi'ite cleric and the merchant class that lives in the holy cities," he said.

As such, Hiltermann says these inter-Shi'ite clashes are a fight for supremacy, what he describes as a social revolution and yet one more conflict in Iraq's layers of civil wars.