A look at South Africa:

Capital: Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judicial capital.

Most Populated City: Johannesburg

Official Languages: English, Afrikaans, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu

Population: 53 million 

Political History: 

1948-National Party institutionalized apartheid. 
1990-Nelson Mandela released after 27 years in prison.
1994-Apartheid ends after first democratic election.
2013-Nelson Mandela dies at age 95.