There are many ethnic radio stations and broadcast programs in the United States, but there are only a few fully independent community radio stations serving the residents of a Native American Indian reservation. One of them is KILI radio on the Pine Ridge reservation in southwestern South Dakota. It operates from the top of a butte near the village of Porcupine and broadcasts in both English and the native Lakota language. VOA's Greg Flakus went there and filed this report on "the Voice of the Lakota nation."
The Pine Ridge reservation is the eighth largest in the United States and its close to 30,000 residents are spread out over nearly 9,000 square kilometers of hilly, rocky land.
Some people here are involved in ranching, but this is one of the poorest places in the United States, with unemployment at around 70 percent and an average annual family income of just $3800.
For the Lakota people who live here and in the nearby Black Hills and Rapid City, KILI radio is a beacon of hope as well as a way of keeping in touch with the community at large.
"Hey, everybody,? says Derek Janis, a volunteer broadcaster on air at the station, ?I hope you are enjoying your day and things are good with you, because everything is good up here at KILI Radio, 90.1 on the FM dial?"
KILI roughly translates to "cool" or "awesome" in English. The station provides news about activities and events on the reservation, as well as music -- ranging from country to hip hop, with lots of native traditional singing as well.
Local college professors and students come in every week to discuss Lakota myths and stories. The station also does live broadcasts of tribal council meetings.
Melanie Janis is one of KILI radio's popular on-air personalities who volunteers her time. "We are such a large reservation that we actually can warn people of tornadoes or just little things going on, maybe someone is having a rummage sale. For me, it is just a way of giving back," she says.
One of the longest-serving members of the KILI Radio staff is Business Manager and Development Director Tom Casey. "The station has a way to connect people, keep people connected, information-wise, issue-wise, culture-wise, things that are happening in the community, things that are going on. It just connects people," says Casey.
Part of each day's broadcast is done in the Lakota language, which is still widely spoken by older people and is being taught to school children. The language was in danger of dying because of government efforts to force American Indians to speak English in decades past.
Tom Casey says using Lakota on the station sends a powerful cultural message. "When the radio station first went on the air, February 25th, 1983, the first DJ [disc jockey] on the air spoke in both Lakota and English and that was really powerful."
That power is not lost on younger volunteer broadcasters, like Melanie Janis' 25-year-old son Derek. He is trying to learn more Lakota. "You hardly see young guys my age talking fluently. Everybody has slang words they mix in with the English, so it kind of gets broke up. I am working on it. I am trying to learn myself."
KILI radio is supported by donations as well as grants from charitable groups, and can be heard around the world on the Internet at www.kiliradio.org